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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Recovery of the Empire ▸ SeverinaView Options:  |  |  | 

Severina, Augusta spring 274 - November 275 A.D.

Severina was the wife of Aurelian. She was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after her husband's murder.


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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
SH65365. Bronze as, MER-RIC 1884, RIC V 7, BnF XII 319, Hunter IV 17, Cohen VI 9, SRCV III 11711, VF, weight 8.682 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Rome mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse IVNO REGINA, Juno standing slightly left, head left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, peacock left at feet on left; $200.00 (€178.00)
 


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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Moneta, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Regina, "Juno the Queen." Juno is usually shown holding a patera, scepter or a statuette of Athena, and is often accompanied by a peacock.
RB73881. Bronze as, MER-RIC 1879, RIC V 7, BnF XII 310, Hunter IV 15, Cohen VI 9, SRCV III 11711, aVF, well centered, nice portrait, light corrosion and encrustation, weight 8.524 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Rome mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right; reverse IVNO REGINA, Juno standing slightly left, head left, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, peacock left at feet on left, ς in exergue; $200.00 (€178.00)
 


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Severina was the wife of Aurelian. She was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after her husband's murder.
RS73655. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1813, RIC V 4, BnF XII 219, Venèra Hoard 1356 - 1374, SRCV III 11705, Cohen VI 7, Hunter IV 8 ff. var. (other officina), VF, much silvering, broad flan, minor double strike on both sides, weight 3.809 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Rome mint, issue 11, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Fides Militum standing facing, head left, flanked by a standard in each hand, A in right field, XXIR in exergue; ex Harlan J. Berk; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


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There is considerable numismatic evidence Severina ruled in her own right between the death of Aurelian and the election of Tacitus. Sources mention an interregnum, and some of Severina's coins, including this type, appear to have been minted after Aurelian's death. She may have been the only woman to rule over the whole Roman Empire in her own power. The reverse advertises her good relations with the army, an unusual reverse for an empress, and perhaps an indication of her role as sole ruler.
RA77731. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3187, RIC V 20, BnF XII 1347 - 1349, Hunter IV 32, gVF, near full silvering, well centered, reverse center a little weak, flan crack, weight 3.664 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, issue 6, early 275 – Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane, crescent behind shoulder; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Concordia standing slightly left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, P inner lower left, XXI in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex Kirk Davis; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


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Severina was the wife of Aurelian. She was possibly the only Roman empress ever to rule in her own right, which she did during the interregnum after her husband's murder.
RA73680. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1816, RIC V 4, Venèra Hoard 1375 - 1392, BnF XII 221, Hunter IV 8, SRCV III 11705, Cohen VI 7, VF, excellent centering, much silvering, centers a little weak, light cleaning scratches, spots of light corrosion, weight 3.025 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Rome mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275; obverse SEVERINA AVG, diademed and draped bust right on crescent; reverse CONCORDIAE MILITVM, Fides Militum flanked by two standards, one in each hand, B in right field, XXIR in exergue; $55.00 (€48.95)
 







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

SEVERINAAVG
SEVERINAAVGVSTA
SEVERINAPFAVG
SEVERINAEAVG


REFERENCES

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Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier par Aurélien à la mort de Carin (fin 274 - mi-285). Numismatique Romaine IX. (Wetteren, 1976).
Bastien, P. & H. Huvelin. "Trésor d'antoniniani en Syrie. La Victoria Parthica de Valérien, les émissions d'Aurélien à Antioche et Tripoli" in RN (1969), pp. 231-270.
Calicó, E.X. The Roman Avrei, Vol 2: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I. 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
Estiot, S. "Le Trésor de Maravielle" in Trésors Monétaires V (1983), pp. 9 - 115.
Estiot, S. Monnaies de l'Empire Romain Volume XII, D'Aurélien à Florien (270-276 après J.-C.). Bibliotheque nationale de France. (Paris, 2004).
Göbl, R. et al. Moneta Imperii Romani, Band 47: Die Münzprägung des Kaisers Aurelianus (270/275). (Vienna, 1985).
Ireland, S. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Coins in the Museum at Amasya (Ancient Amaseia), Turkey. RNS Special Publication No. 33. (London, 2000).
Mattingly, H., E.A. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part I, Valerian to Florian. (London, 1927).
Milani, L.A. Il ripositglio della Venèra, Monete romane della seconda meta del terzo secolo. (Rome, 1880).
Monnaies de l'Empire Romain / Roman Imperial Coinage AD 268-276 (RIC V Online) http://www.ric.mom.fr/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. 3: The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 28, 2016.
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Roman Coins of Severina