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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Glory of the Army||View Options:  |  |  | 

GLORIA EXERCITVS - Glory of the Army

The reverse legend on these coins dedicates them to "The glory of the Army." These types were struck in huge numbers by the Constantine Dynasty and most examples are inexpensive. The reverse depicts two soldiers standing facing flanking one or two standards in the center. Their heads are turned toward each other (confronted) and each holds a spear in their outer hand and rests their inner hand on a shield on the ground. Some more unusual examples have a symbol on the standard.

Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL92720. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 40 (S), LRBC I 1375, Voetter 8, SRCV V 17443, Cohen 117, Hunter V -, aVF, dark patina, red earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 1.579 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΘ in exergue; scarce; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|NEW
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL93371. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Cyzicus 16, LRBC II 1280, SRCV V 17998, Cohen VII 102, Hunter V -, gVF, well centered on a tight oval flan, flow lines, die wear, weight 1.589 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMK∆ in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $36.00 SALE |PRICE| $32.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 337 A.D., Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I and rule as co-emperors. A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, including the caesar Delmatius, as well as officials of the Roman Empire, were executed. The three Augusti denied responsibility for the purge.
RL92665. Bronze reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 52 (S), LRBC I 1386, SRCV V 18003, Cohen VII 97, Hunter V 111 var. (14th officina), gVF, green patina with red earthen encrustation, tight flan, weight 1.567 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, 12th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 337 - 341 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, dots in upper left and right fields, SMANBI in exergue; $25.00 SALE |PRICE| $22.50


Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.

|Delmatius|, |Delmatius,| |Caesar,| |18| |September| |335| |-| |mid| |337| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Dalmatius was son of another Flavius Dalmatius, censor, and nephew of Constantine I. Dalmatius and his brother Hannibalianus were educated at Tolosa (Toulouse) by rhetor Exuperius. On 18 September 335, he was raised to the rank of Caesar, with the control of Thracia, Achaea and Macedonia. Dalmatius died in late summer 337, killed by his own soldiers. It is possible that his death was related to the purge that hit the imperial family at the death of Constantine, and organized by Constantius II with the aim of removing any possible claimant to the throne.
RL91650. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 145, LRBC I 1270, SRCV IV 16900, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 6 var. (bust also draped, 4th officina), VF, tight flan, slightly off center, edge ragged, weight 1.921 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 336 - mid 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMKΓ in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $20.49 (18.85)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92660. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 52, LRBC I 1386, SRCV V 18003, Cohen VII 97, Hunter V 109 ff. var. (officina), VF, nice dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, weight 1.923 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Sep 337 - late 347; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, two pellets flanking top of standard, SMANS in exergue; $22.00 SALE |PRICE| $19.80


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Constantius II was the longest lived of Constantine's sons and successors. He inherited the East. As his brothers were killed, he annexed their territories. When he defeated the usurper Magnentius he ruled all the empire. Constantius died on his way to fight Julian II, who then became emperor.
RL92682. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 27, LRBC I 1043, SRCV V 19994, Cohen VII 102, Hunter V 73, aVF, earthen deposits, scratches, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 9 September 337 A.D. - Spring 340 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, one standard in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONS[..] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.10


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
Theta (Θ) in the mintmark is the Greek numeral nine and indicates the coin was struck by the 9th officina (mint workshop). On earlier coins, a sum of Greek numerals, usually ∆E (4 + 5 = 9), was often used to indicate the 9th officina to avoid the use of theta. Because they sound alike, theta was associated with Thanatos, the personification of death and used as a warning symbol of death, in the same way that skull and crossbones are used in modern times. It survives on potsherds used by Athenians voting for the death penalty. Also, after a funeral "Nine Days of Sorrow" were solemnly observed by Roman families. Over time, and perhaps especially under Christian influence, the association of theta with death had faded.
RL92712. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Constantinople 24, LRBC I 1054, SRCV V 17437, Hunter V -, aVF, well centered on tight flan cutting off tops of legends, red earthen deposits, slight porosity, weight 1.658 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 22 May 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, pearl and rosette diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONS∆ in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92718. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 17996 (Constantina/Arles), VF, dark patina with highlighting red earthen deposits, tight flan cutting of half of obverse legend and mintmark, small edge split, weight 1.850 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 315o, uncertain mint, 337 - 347 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, rosette-diademed head right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, O on standard, [...] in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL92686. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 45, LRBC I 1380, SRCV V 18002, Cohen 97, Hunter V 109 var. (officina), F+, earthen encrusted, light scratches, weight 1.621 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, 7th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Sep 337 - late 347; obverse CONSTANTIVS AVG, rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, two pellets above, SMANZ in exergue; $15.00 SALE |PRICE| $13.50


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |centenionalis|
In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL92664. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 41 (R), LRBC I 1378, SRCV V 17443, Cohen VII 117, Voetter -, Hunter V -, VF, earthen encrusted, weight 1.392 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANΓ in exergue; rare; $30.00 SALE |PRICE| $5.01 ON RESERVE







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