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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ CreteView Options:  |  |  | 

Crete

Claudius and Messalina, 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos, Crete

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Messalina was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while Claudius was away in Ostia, even though she was married to the emperor, Messalina married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and Messalina driven to suicide.
SH74280. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1001 (rev legend ending IIVIR) or 1002, Svoronos Crete 214 corr. (IIVIR) or 212, SNG Cop -, BMC Crete -, aVF, crowded irregular flan, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, Duumviri Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, bare head of Claudius left; reverse VALERIA MESSALINA [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE IIVIR] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of legend off flan), draped bust of Messalina right; extremely rare; $430.00 (€382.70)
 


Gortyna, Crete, 4th Century B.C.

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Gortyna in the southern part of central Crete, rivaled Cnossus in wealth and importance. A Gortynian decree of the third or second century B.C. required, under a penalty, the use of "the bronze money which the city has put in circulation," and established a fine to be paid by any one who "accepts in payment silver obols."
GS77556. Silver drachm, Svoronos Crete p. 161, 32, pl. XIII, 6; McClean II 7111; SNG Cop -; BMC Crete -; Seager -; Weber -, aVF, overstruck, weight 5.102 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, Gortyna mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull right, head turned slightly facing, round object to right from undertype; reverse head Persephone right, wearing wreath of grain and cross-folded taenia, rosette-shaped ear ornament and necklace, part of dotted square border from undertype, concave field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 233 (6 Oct 2015), part of lot 3109; $320.00 (€284.80)
 


Polyrhenion, Crete, c. 330 - 280 B.C.

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GB73555. Bronze AE 11, SNG Cop 534, SGCV I 3357, BMC Crete p. 68, 17, Choice gVF, green patina with earthen highlighting, weight 1.301 g, maximum diameter 10.5 mm, die axis 180o, Polyrhenion mint, c. 330 - 280 B.C.; obverse round shield, bull's head in center, border of dots; reverse arrow-head pointed upwards, Π−O/Λ−Y flanking in two lines; $145.00 (€129.05)
 







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REFERENCES

Ashton, R. "Rhodian-Type Silver Coinages from Crete" in SM 146 (May 1987).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992 and supplement).
Burnett, A. and M. Amandry. Roman Provincial Coinage II: From Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69-96). (London, 1999).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber. (1922 - 1929).
Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins, Fizwilliam Museum, Vol. II. The Greek mainland, the Aegaean islands, Crete. (Cambridge, 1926).
Holloway R.R. "An Archaic Hoard from Crete and the Early Aeginetan Coinage" in ANSMN 17 (1971).
Jameson, R. Collection R. Jameson. Monnaies grecques antiques. (Paris, 1913-1932).
Le Rider, G. Monnaies Crétoises du V au I Siécle av J.C. (Paris, 1966).
Mildenberg, L. and S. Hurter, eds. The Dewing Collection of Greek Coins. ACNAC 6. (New York, 1985).
Papageorgiadou-Banis, C. The Coinage of Kea. (Athens, 1997).
Seager, R.B. "A Cretan Coin Hoard" in ANSNNM 23 (New York, 1924).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Stefanaki, V. E. "Le monnayage de bronze de Viannos et de Malla en Crète orientale" in Kermatia Philias (Athens, 2009).
Svoronos, J.  Numismatique de la Crète ancienne. (Paris, 1890).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 3: Greece: Thessaly to Aegean Islands. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume III, R.C. Lockett Collection. (London, 1938 - 1949).
Wroth, W. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Greek Coins of Crete and the Aegean Islands. (London, 1886).
Wroth, W. "Cretan Coins" in NC 1884, pp. 1-58.

Catalog current as of Monday, February 20, 2017.
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Crete