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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ The Restored Empire ▸ Andronicus IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael (his father), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D.
Joint rule as senior emperor with Michael IX (his son), 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.
Joint rule with Andronicus III (his grandson), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. Tax revenues dropped, the treasury was depleted, the army was drastically cut, and Turkish tribes overran most of Asia Minor. His son was co-emperor but died in 1320. After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson, Andronicus III as heir, he rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, they were again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise. At first Andronicus II retained his titles and his home in the palace. In 1330, however, forced into a monastery, he retired as the monk Anthony. Old and blind, he died 13 February 1332 A.D. Coinage may have been issued in his name until his death.
Byzantine Empire 1300


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.

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This combination of control marks (sigla) flanking the Virgin on the obverse is apparently unpublished. The reverse legend is difficult to discern but it appears to be variation identified by Sear as a rare.
SH14725. Gold hyperpyron, Bendall PCPC 185 (unlisted sigla), Sommer 80.2, SBCV 2396, Grierson 1293, DOC V -, VF, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1305 - 12 Oct 1320 A.D.; obverse Nimbate half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary orans within city walls, four castles forming walls, MH monogram - X in lower fields; reverse AVTOKPATOPEC PWMAIWN?, Andronicus II bearded on left and Michael IX unbearded on right, both kneeling facing, Christ stands behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC across upper fields; rare sigla variety; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

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After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson and namesake as heir, Andronicus III rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, grandfather and grandson were at war. In 1328 the grandson took the city by surprise and forced his grandfather to abdicate. Although at first he retained his titles and his home in the palace, in 1330 he was forced into a monastery. Old and blind, Andronicus II died on 13 February 1332.
SH70958. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 493 - 497; Bendall PCPC 185.1 (sigla 4); Lianta 817; Grierson 1294; B-D LPC p.108, 1; SBCV 2461, VF, flat strike areas, graffiti, weight 4.311 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 225o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, pellet above left between castles, lis left, A right; reverse AN∆PON − AN∆PON (or similar, blundered, obscure), Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.

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Rare at this weight. This coin and the referenced Dumbarton Oaks example with the same sigla (symbols) are considerably heavier than normal for the type (c. 4 grams). DOC V comments on their heavy thick flan (6.37 grams).
SH37428. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 502, Bendall PCPC 185.3 (sigla 14), Grierson 1294, SBCV 2461, VF, very heavy flan, weight 5.649 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, 3 pellets over K left, 3 pellets over X right; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; ex CNG 41, March 1997, Lot 2461; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Bellinger, A.R. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P.J. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description gnrale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A.U. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Mnzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).

Catalog current as of Thursday, November 23, 2017.
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Andronicus II