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Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1272 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Joint rule as junior emperor with Michael (his father), 1272 - 11 December 1282 A.D. Joint rule as senior emperor with Michael IX (his son), 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D. Joint rule with Andronicus III (his grandson), 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D. Under Andronicus II the empire permanently declined. Tax revenues dropped, the treasury was depleted, the army was drastically cut, and Turkish tribes overran most of Asia Minor. His son was co-emperor but died in 1320. After Andronicus II did not select his popular grandson, Andronicus III as heir, he rose in revolt. Even after they agreed to reign jointly, they were again at war. In 1328, the grandson took the city by surprise. At first Andronicus II retained his titles and his home in the palace. In 1330, however, forced into a monastery, he retired as the monk Anthony. Old and blind, he died 13 February 1332 A.D. Coinage may have been issued in his name until his death.
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus, 1282 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
An extremely rare Andronicus II trachy of this type was found by Dochev at Turnovo (Dochev 1992, Pl. 17, 2; ). It is the Turnovo coin that is described in the Dumbarton Oaks Catalog (DOC V) and in Sear's Byzantine Coin Values (SBCV). We know of only five other specimens of the type. BZ91214. Bronze trachy, Dochev 1992, pl. 17, 2; DOC V, table 18A, 30 (none in the collection); SBCV 2357A; B-D LPC -; Bendall PCPC; Lianta -; Grierson -; Sommer -, F/VF, obverse "finder" cleaned by scraping, edge crack, small spots of corrosion, weight 1.680 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1282 - 1328 A.D.; obverse The Virgin Mary standing facing orans, nimbate, wears tunic and maphorion, MP - ΘV (Greek abbr.: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking nimbus; reverse Andronicus, on left, standing facing, scepter cruciger in right hand and anexikakia(?) in left hand, blessed by military saint, on right standing facing with sword(?) in left hand; extremely rare; $300.00 (€264.00)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Michael IX, 21 May 1295 - 12 October 1320 A.D.
Although a brave and energetic soldier, Michael IX was defeated again and again. He made peace with Bulgaria by marrying his daughter to the Bulgarian emperor. After another defeat, he retired to Thessalonica, where his premature death at age 43 was in part due to grief over the accidental murder of his younger son Manuel by retainers of his older son Andronikos III. BZ89913. Copper assarion, Lianta 800, SBCV 2440, Bendall PCPC 172 var., B-D LPC 41 var., Sommer 80.19 var., DOC V 699 var., Grierson 1488 var. (all var. rev. legend), VF, dark patina, uneven strike, edge crack, weight 2.073 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1295 - 1320 A.D.; obverse + / AVTO/KRATO/PEC / PWM/AIWN (Emperor of the Romans) in five lines; reverse Andronicus (left) and Michael holding labarum between them, PUHM-AIWN (HM ligate) above; very rare variety, the normal reverse has the same legend as the obverse inscription; very rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
Byzantine Empire, Andronicus II Palaeologus and Andronicus III, 2 February 1325 - 24 May 1328 A.D.
Rare at this weight. This coin and the referenced Dumbarton Oaks example with the same sigla (symbols) are considerably heavier than normal for the type (c. 4 grams). DOC V comments on their heavy thick flan (6.37 grams).SH37428. Gold hyperpyron, DOC V 502, Bendall PCPC 185.3 (sigla 14), Grierson 1294, SBCV 2461, VF, very heavy flan, weight 5.649 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2 Feb 1325 - 1328 or possibly to 1330 A.D.; obverse half-length facing figure of the Virgin Mary, nimbate, orans, within city walls with four towers, 3 pellets over K left, 3 pellets over X right; reverse Andronicus II on left and Andronicus III on right, both bearded and kneeling facing, Christ stands in center behind with hands over their heads in benediction, IC - XC flanking Christ's head; ex CNG 41, March 1997, Lot 2461; SOLD
Bellinger, A. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection, Vol. V: Michael VII to Constantine XI, 1258-1453. (Washington D.C., 1999).
Bendall, S. A Private Collection of Palaeologan Coins. (Wolverhampton, 1988).
Bendall, S. & P. Donald. Later Palaeologan Coinage, 1282-1453. (London, 1979).
Dochev, K. Монети и парично обръщение в Търново XII-XIV в. (Tirnovo, 1992).
Grierson, P. Byzantine Coins. (London, 1982).
Lianta, E. Late Byzantine Coins, 1204 - 1453, in the Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford. (London, 2009).
Sabatier, J. Description générale des monnaies Byzantines. (Paris, 1863).
Sear, D. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Sommer, A. Die Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches 491-1453. Mit einem Anhang: Die Münzen des Kaiserreichs von Trapezunt. (Regenstauf, 2010).
Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 19, 2019. Page created in 3.321 seconds.