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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Constantinian Era| ▸ |Crispus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

Flavius Julius Crispus was the son of Constantine I by his first wife. A brilliant soldier, Crispus was well loved by all until 326 A.D., when Constantine had him executed. It is said that Fausta, Crispus stepmother, anxious to secure the succession for her own sons falsely accused Crispus of raping her. Constantine, learning of Fausta's treachery, had her executed too.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89682. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Ticinum 93 (R3), SRCV IV 16827, Cohen VII 154, Hunter V 40 var. (1st officina), Choice gVF, excellent centering and strike, dark green patina with some silvering, edge split, weight 2.835 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with a C, S T in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex 5 Empires (2004); scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In 326, Constantine ordered the execution of his son, Crispus Caesar. Constantine's second wife and Crispus' stepmother, Fausta, accused Crispus of attempting to seduce her. After learning Fausta lied to eliminate Crispus as a rival to her own sons, Constantine had Fausta suffocated in a hot bath.
RL93229. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 86 (also 5th officina), RIC VII Antioch 64 (R4), LRBC I 1335, SRCV IV 16811, Cohen VII 125, Choice gF, centered, brown patina, porous, weight 3.134 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, SMANTE in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00
 


|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Flavius Julius Crispus was a brilliant soldier, well loved by all until 326 A.D. when Constantine had him executed. Fausta, Crispus stepmother, anxious to secure the succession for her own sons falsely accused Crispus of raping her. Constantine, learning of Fausta's treachery, had her executed too.
RL89636. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 87 (R4), SRCV IV 16818, Cohen VII 140, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered and struck, dark patina, some bumps and scratches, weight 3.422 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICT• LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) set on altar inscribed with an I, •ASIS• in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00
 


|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
On 19 Dec 324, Licinius abdicated his position as Emperor. He was pardoned by Constantine I as a result of the supplication of his wife Constantia (who was Constantine's half-sister) and banished to Thessalonica as a private citizen. The next year Licinius was executed on the charge of conspiring, and raising troops against the emperor.
RL84251. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII London 250, SRCV IV 16725, Cohen VII 27, Hunter V 4 var. (bust), Choice VF, well centered, some silvering, spots of light corrosion, weight 3.245 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding shield and spear with point forward; reverse BEAT TRANQLITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, F-B across fields, three stars above, PLON in exergue; $55.00 (€50.60)
 


|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
VOT X abbreviates Votis Decennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL84280. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 431, SRCV IV 16760, Cohen VII 44, EF, well centered, nice portrait, porous areas, edge split and cracks, weight 3.140 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top, STR in exergue; $34.00 SALE |PRICE| $30.60
 







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

CRISPVSCAESAR
CRISPVSNOBCAES
CRISPVSNOBILC
CRISPVSNOBILCAES
CRISPVSNOBILISSCAES
DNCRISPONOBCAES
DNCRISPVSNOBCAESAR
DNFLIVLCRISPVSNOBCAES
FLIVLCRISPVSNOBC
FLIVLCRISPVSNOBCAES
IVLCRISPVSNOBC
IVLCRISPVSNOBCAES


REFERENCES|

Alföldi, A. "il tesoro di Nagytétény" in RIN 1921, pp. 113 - 190.
Bastien, P. Le monnayage de l'atelier de Lyon. De la réouverture de l'atelier en 318 à la mort de Constantin (318 - 337). Numismatique Romaine XIII. (Wetteren, 1982).
Bruun, P. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Dioclétien a Constantin I (284 - 337). (Wetteren, 1995).
Failmezger, V. Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity, 294 - 364 A.D. (Washington D.C., 2002).
King, C. & D. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine: The Collapse of Paganism and the Triumph of Christianity, Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 2011).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

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