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The eagle and the lion are symbols of the Legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which were quartered in Provincia Dacia.
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia
The local era dates from Philip's Danubian campaign victory over the invading Carpi tribe in the summer of 246. The eagle and the lion, symbolized the legions V Macedonica and XIII Gemina, which took part in the campaign. The Provincia Dacia issues are mostly rare and were minted for only 8 years.RP68955. Bronze provincial sestertius, Aleksandar Dacia I.4.3; Varbanov I 7 (R5); BMC Thrace p. 14, 1 var. (no standard left); cf. SGICV 3873 (year 3), aVF, well centered, grainy, weight 11.966 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 30o, Ulpia Traiana(?) mint, Jul/Aug 246 - Jul/Aug 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PROV-INCIA DA-CIA, Dacia standing facing, head left, in long chiton and Phrygian cap (pileus), curved sword in right, standard inscribed XIII in left, standard inscribed V in ground and eagle with wreath in beak on ground left, lion walking left on right, AN•I• in exergue; scarce; SOLD
Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Provincia Dacia
Dacia was abandoned during Aurelian's reign. "And because Moesia and Illyricum had been entirely devastated, losing the hope that he could still preserve the province of Dacia that Trajan had constituted beyond the Danube, he left it in the enemy's way, and he settled the Romans brought from the Dacia's cities and villages in the middle of Moesia and of the zone that now divides the two Moesiae, giving it the name of Dacia, a territory that now is on the right side of the Danube, as the river flows to the sea, while it had been on the left before" -- Breviarium ab urbe condita (breviary of the Roman history) by Euthropius, magister memoriae (chieftain of the imperial archives) during Valens' reign, c. 369 A.D.RP19678. Orichalcum provincial sestertius, Varbanov I p. 35, 32, G, weight 15.994 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Dacia province mint, 248 - 249 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PROVINCIA DACIA, Dacia standing left holding standards inscribed V and XII with eagle and lion at their respective bases, AN I in exergue; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Dacia defeated! After his defeat in 101 A.D., King Decebalus complied with Rome for a time but then incited the tribes to pillage Roman colonies across the Danube. Trajan marched into Dacia in 105 A.D. After defeating the surrounding mountain fortresses, in 106 A.D. Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The Romans found Decebalus' treasure, estimated at 165,500 kg of gold and 331,000 kg of silver, in the river of Sargesia.SH95273. Orichalcum dupondius, Woytek 327bD, BMCRE III 887, RIC II 563, Hunter II 312, BnF IV 322, Cohen II 533, Strack I 365, SRCV II -, aEF, dark brown patina, some porosity, weight 13.807 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 103 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, radiate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Dacian seated left on shields and arms in attitude of mourning, trophy of captured arms before her, S - C (senatus consulto) in exergue; SOLD
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