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Here we include coins that depict Poseidon, Neptune, ships, anchors, prows, dolphins, sea eagles, crabs, scallops, and all things related to the sea.
Phaselis, Lycia, c. 530 - 520 B.C.
Phaselis was founded in 690 BC by settlers from the island of Rhodes. In the same year, the great Rhodian seafarers also founded Gela, on the island of Sicily, thus extending their influence across the Greek world. The colony of Phaselis was the one purely Greek city in Lycia and differed in language, culture, and alphabet from the adjacent cities of the region. It should be noted that the coinage of Phaselis is among the earliest, if not the earliest, of all silver coinage struck in Asia Minor. Struck circa 530 B.C., this coin is roughly contemporary with the silver issues of King Kroisos of Lydia and represents the dawn of this medium of exchange in Asia Minor.GS87793. Silver stater, Heipp-Tamer Series 3, Em. 1a, 25-27 (V-/R25 [unlisted obv. die]); Asyut 734; SNGvA 4390; Weber III 7291; SNG Cop -; SNG Delepierre -; BMC Lycia -, VF, tight flan cutting off nose of boar, bumps and marks, test cut, weight 10.967 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, Phaselis (near Tekirova, Turkey) mint, c. 530 - 520 B.C.; obverse Prow of galley right in the form of an abstract boar's head, with foreleg and large apotropaic eye, three round shields on gunwale; reverse incuse square punch, random wear pattern within; $670.00 (€589.60)
Roman Republic, Canusium CA Series, 209 - 208 B.C., Overstruck on Oiniadai, Akarnania Bronze
The Battle of Canusium was a three-day engagement during the spring of 209 B.C., the tenth year of the Second Punic War. It was part of a larger Roman offensive aimed to subjugate and to punish cities and tribes that had abandoned the alliance with Rome after the Battle of Cannae, and to narrow Hannibal's base in southern Italy. Neither side gained a decisive victory and both suffered considerable losses (up to 14,000 killed overall). The outcome has been interpreted with varied perspectives by both ancient and modern historians. While Marcellus took a heavy blow at Canusium, he nevertheless checked for some time the movements of the main Punic forces and thus contributed to other Roman successes against Hannibal's allies in Magna Graecia and Lucania.RR89748. Bronze triens, cf. Russo RBW 450 (also overstruck), Crawford 100/3, Sydenham 309c, BMCRR II Italy 266 8, SRCV I 930, gF, clear undertype: overstruck on a Zeus / Head of river-god Acheloüs issue of Oiniadai, Akarnania (cf. BCD Akarnania 349), weight 5.388 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 90o, Apulia, Canusium (Canosa, southern Italy) mint, 209 - 208 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Minerva right, four pellets above, CA behind; undertype: profile of Acheloüs clear, in an inverted Janiform position, with a trident above his head; reverse prow of galley right, apotropaic eye on side of hull, long diagonal prow stem, ROMA above, CA before, four pellets below; undertype: profile of Zeus clear with nose on the coin edge at 1:00; ex RBW Collection; $300.00 (€264.00)
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia
This reverse type was used primarily for coins of Salonina (e.g. SNG BnF 941, SNGvA 4858, SNG PfPs 878). RP88900. Bronze 10 assaria, Unpublished in references examined; SNG BnF -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Righetti -, SNG PfPs -, SNG Hunterian -, BMC Lycia -, Lindgren -, VF, well centered, porous, a little rough, weight 18.547 g, maximum diameter 31.1 mm, die axis 195o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, sole reign, 260 - Sep 268 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠOY ΛI EΓN ΓAΛΛIHNOC CEBA, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, I (mark of value) before; reverse CI∆HTΩN NEΩKOPΩN, three galleys left, A above (a boast that Side is first or best - A is the Greek number one), NAVA/PXIC in two lines below; only one sale recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades - CNG e-auction 413 (31 Jan 2018), lot 257 (realized $300 plus fees); extremely rare; $250.00 (€220.00)
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Side, Pamphylia
BMC Lycia does not have a plate image for this coin but it is described with the same obverse legend error and the same reverse inscription arrangement. There are five specimens from these dies on Coin Archives. The British Museum coin is probably also from the same dies. RP88911. Bronze 5 assaria, BMC Lycia p. 161, 115 (same dies?); SNG BnF -; SNG PfPs -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Righetti -; Lindgren -; c/m: Howgego 805 (169 pcs), aVF, well centered, porosity, central depressions, weight 15.543 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Side (near Selimiye, Antalya Province, Turkey) mint, joint reign, Aug 253 - 260 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI ΠO AI ΓAΛΛIHNO CEB (AI in error, should be ΛI), laureate bust right, wearing paludamentum and cuirass, eagle right below with wings open; countermark on right: E (5 assaria) in 7.5mm round punch obliterating IA (prior mark of value); reverse galley left with acrostolium, ram, oarsmen, steersman with rudder, and aphlaston, tree with pomegranates on right, CI∆H/TΩN in two lines above, NEΩKOPΩ/N in two lines below; rare; $150.00 (€132.00)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, 211 - 206 B.C.
Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. He is most often depicted as having two faces or heads, facing in opposite directions. Janus is believed to be one of the few major deities in Roman mythology that does not have a Greek origin or counterpart.RR88221. Bronze as, Crawford 56/2, Sydenham 143, BMCRR Rome 373 ff., SRCV I 627, F, green patina, crack, porous, weight 29.386 g, maximum diameter 33.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; obverse laureate head of bearded Janus, I (mark of value) above, countermark: head right in round punch; reverse war galley prow right, I (mark of value) above, ROMA in exergue; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; $145.00 (€127.60)
Salamis, Cyprus, c. 322 - 310 B.C.
Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus.GB86883. Bronze AE 14, Bank of Cyprus 27; Tziambazis 130 (Evagoras II); BMC Cyprus p. 61, 74 (Evagoras II); SNG Cop -, VF, well centered and struck, dark patina, some pitting and corrosion, weight 2.555 g, maximum diameter 13.9 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 322 - 310 B.C.; obverse helmeted and draped bust of Athena left, wearing crested Attic helmet, earring and necklace; reverse prow left, ΣAΛ upward on left; very rare; $140.00 (€123.20)
Roman Republic, Unofficial, c. 169 - 91 B.C.
Crawford notes, "The very common quadrantes with M • and N• (as Milan 351) are clearly unofficial."RR79715. Copper quadrans, cf. Milan 351 (from Crawford appendix p. 309 unofficial issues of bronze coins), Sydenham -, VF, centered on a tight flan, light marks,, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 135o, unofficial mint, c. 169 - 91 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow right, ROMA below, three pellets before, M• above; ex FORVM (2006), ex Goodman collection; $125.00 (€110.00)
Roman Republic, BAL Series, 169 - 158 B.C.
In 168 B.C., Antiochus IV ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods. The Temple in Jerusalem was seized and dedicated to Zeus. The Jews revolted and after three years of fighting, Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. According to the Talmud, there was only enough consecrated olive oil to fuel the eternal flame in the Temple for one day. Miraculously, the oil burned for eight days, enough time to prepare and consecrate fresh oil. John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name.RR88350. Bronze triens, Crawford 179/3, Sydenham 354b, BMCRR 614, RBW Collection 759, SRCV I 974, F, well centered, marks, porosity, some corrosion, edge crack, weight 13.464 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, central Italy mint, 169 - 158 B.C.; obverse head of Minerva right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet, four pellets above; reverse prow of galley right, BAL (AL ligate) above, four pellets on right, ROMA below; scarce; $120.00 (€105.60)
Roman Republic, M. Marcius Mn.f., 134 B.C.
The First Servile War, 135 - 132 B.C., was an unsuccessful slave rebellion against the Roman Republic. The war was prompted by slave revolts in Enna on the island of Sicily. It was led by Eunus, a former slave claiming to be a prophet, and Cleon, a Cilician (from present-day Turkey) who became Eunus's military commander. After some minor battles won by the slaves, a larger Roman army arrived in Sicily and defeated the rebels.RR88355. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 245/3, Sydenham 501a, BMCRR I Rome 1017, RBW Collection 1011, SRCV I 1151, aF, dark green patina, corrosion, edge crack, weight 5.255 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 315o, Rome mint, 134 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion's scalp headdress, three pellets behind; reverse prow of galley right, M MARCI / MN F (MAR and MNF ligate) in two lines above, three pellets before, ROMA in exergue; ex Rudnik Numismatics, with an old collector tag dated 30 November 1932, with the cost noted as $.25; $120.00 (€105.60)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Coela, Thracian Chersonesos
Coela in Chersonesos Thraciae (on the Gallipoli peninsula) issued gold and silver coins under Alexander the Great and from the early 2nd century A.D. struck Roman provincial and colonial coins.RP84057. Bronze AE 17, SNG Cop 872 (same dies), Varbanov 2888 (R6) var. (legends, grain above prow), SNG Tüb -, SNG Hunterian -, SNG Dreer -, BMC Thrace -, Lindgren -, VF, nice green patina, tight flan cutting off much of the legends, marks, weight 4.166 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 135o, Coela mint, Aug 138 - 7 Mar 161 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES - ANTONINVS (or similar), laureate head right; reverse AEL MVNI COELANI (or similar), war galley prow left; very rare; $110.00 (€96.80)