Roman Republic, Lead Glandes Sling-Bullet, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
According to the report of Vegatius, Republican slingers had an accurate range of up to six hundred feet. The best ammunition was cast from lead. For a given mass, lead, being very dense, offered the minimum size and therefore minimum air resistance. Also, lead sling-bullets were small and difficult to see in flight. In some cases, the lead would be cast in a simple open mold made by pushing a finger, thumb, or sharpened stick into sand and pouring molten metal into the hole. The flat top end could later be carved to a matching shape. More frequently, they were cast in two-part molds. Sling-bullets were made in a variety of shapes including an ellipsoidal form closely resembling an acorn; possibly the origin of the Latin word for lead sling-bullet: glandes plumbeae (literally leaden acorns) or simply glandes (meaning acorns, singular glans). The most common shape by far was biconical, resembling the shape of an almond or an American football. Why the almond shape was favored is unknown. Possibly there was some aerodynamic advantage, but it seems equally likely that there was a more prosaic reason, such as the shape being easy to extract from a mold, or that it will rest in a cradle with little danger of rolling out. Almond-shaped lead sling-bullets were typically about 35 millimeters (1.4 in) long and about 20 millimeters (0.8 in) wide. Sometimes or writings were molded on the side. A thunderbolt, a snake, a scorpion, or others indicating how it might strike without warning were popular. might include the name of the military unit or commander, or was sometimes more imaginative, such as, "Take this," "Ouch," "Catch," or even "For Pompey's backside."AW66458. Lead glandes sling-bullet; cf. Petrie XLIV 15-23; roughly biconical, c. 40 - 90 grams, c. 3 - 5 cm long, one sling-bullet randomly selected from the same group as those in the photo, ONE BULLET, BARGAIN PRICED!; $25.00 (€22.25)
Greek, Hellenistic Alexandrian , Marble of Zeus, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
From the collection of , former dealer in antiquities for 40 years. Ex Jerome Eisenberg, 1970.AM35512. Marble of Zeus; 4 ¼ x 4 inches; elegantly proportioned, Very attractive, large slightly almond shaped eyes looking ahead, straight nose ( is worn off), beard above and below the mouth; ears not present, some yellowing and brown, on black mount; of great rarity; $4000.00 (€3560.00)
Egyptian, Limestone Ushabti, , XIX Dynasty, 1320 - 1200 B.C.
From the collection of , former dealer in antiquities for 40 years. AB33403. limestone ushabti; cf. Saleh, Les antiquites egyptiennes de , 612; cf. , Egyptian Art and Antiquities, Summer 1980, 45, , 6 ½", wears bag wig, arms crossed, holding hoe and flail; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
Roman, Syro-Palestinian (?), , Late 2nd - Early 4th Century A.D.
originated in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire in the second half of the second century and its popularity peaked in the first half of the third century. decoration was revived in the second half of the fourth century in the east and in the near in modern Germany. Serpentine form trails may vary in thickness, may be the same color as the vessel (usually ) or brightly colored (common in the ). 309, with similar subtle , is attributed to , 3rd to early 4th century A.D.AG63814. Snake , cf. 309 (for similar ), 12.4 mm (4 7/8"), and , funnel mouth with rolled rim, cylindrical neck, bulbous body, on the body, flat bottom; from a Florida dealer; $1200.00 (€1068.00)
Greek, Bronze (?) , Ornamented With of Dionysos, c. 400 - 200 B.C.
This was probably once attached to a , a punch-bowl vessel used for diluting and serving wine. The earliest kraters were bronze and almost exclusively the volute-type. Very few bronze kraters have survived. Most often only the handles remain.AG40492. Greek bronze (?) , height 12.7 cm (4 5/8"), ornamented with facing of Dionysos, $850.00 (€756.50)
Hellenistic Greek, Bronze Relief Ring Fragment, Anatolia, 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
AS72537. 90 (nearly identical fragment!, bezel 21.1 x 17.3 x 4.5 mm), fragment, entire bezel present, only traces of the hoop remain, rough green , some corrosion, bezel 22.5 x 18.3 x 4.7 mm, high relief portrait of a woman facing left (perhaps a Ptolemaic queen), draped and wearing her hair in melon coiffure; $850.00 (€756.50)
4" Egyptian Bronze Figure of , 26th - 30th Dynasty, 664 - 342 B.C.
AB30992. Egyptian bronze figure of the god in mummified form wearing Atef-crown with , height 10.6 cm (4 1/8"), , braided beard curved at the tip, holding the royal regalia crock and flail; one-sided (flat ); nice detail, original ; $800.00 (€712.00)
Roman, Bronze Repousse Plaque with Holding a Bow, Sqaumata Armor Plate(?), c. 1st - 3rd Century B.C.
Likely used in some legionary application; perhaps as a legionary armor plate segment. AA59779. Roman, bronze repousse, 1.75 x 1.75 inches, c. 1st - 3rd century A.D.; sheet bronze hammered from behind in repousse technique to raise the figure of a holding a bow, remains of two rivet holes where it was attached, tear on body, and interesting; from a New Jersey collection; $650.00 (€578.50)
, Niger, Early Bura Stone Idol, c. 3rd Century A.D.
Almost nothing is known of the Bura and the role of these idols is uncertain.AH59762. , Niger, Early Bura Stone Idol, c. 3rd Century A.D., 5 x 11.7 inches, an early example in the form of an indented slab with features indicated by shallow drill marks, the incised lines apparently deepened a little; from a New Jersey collection; $625.00 (€556.25)
Roman, Syro-Palestinian, with , c. 3rd - 5th Century A.D.
Hayes' catalog references many similar specimens, noting some are from Beirut. Our example is finer than most examples of similar form, many of which appear to be carelessly made. Hayes' dates the 5th century or later. Perhaps the finer form indicates ours is earlier.AG63806. , cf. 461, , , much ; 16.5 cm, spindle-shaped long tubular body, upper half is a neck narrowing slightly to folded and , small shoulder at center, lower half is a narrow tubular body narrowing to a rounded point; from a Florida dealer; $590.00 (€525.10)
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