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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Ionia| ▸ |Colophon||View Options:  |  |  | 

Colophon, Ionia

Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus. After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon, including the family of Epicurus, who joined them there after completing his military service. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos. After his death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered and the name was eventually transferred to the port village of Notium. Kolophon was one of several cities that claimed to be the birthplace of the poet Homer.

Kolophon, Ionia, c. 450 - 410 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |c.| |450| |-| |410| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Colophon, founded around the turn of the first millennium B.C., was one of the oldest of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. Located between Lebedos (19km to the west) and Ephesus (11 km to its south), today its ruins are south of Degirmendere Fev in Izmir Province, Turkey. Colophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle. After Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C., Colophon went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power of Ionia, Miletus.
GA96768. Silver tetartemorion, Milne Kolophon 7, SNG Cop 133, SNGvA 1999, SNG Kayhan 356, Rosen 567, VF, toned, die wear, edge crack, weight 0.229 g, maximum diameter 6.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 410 B.C.; obverse laureate and veiled head of Apollo facing; reverse TE monogram (tetartemorion) within incuse square; $85.00 (€78.20)
 


Kolophon, Ionia, Late 6th Century B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |Late| |6th| |Century| |B.C.||tetartemorion|NEW
Kolophon was once the strongest of the Ionian cities and renowned both for its cavalry and for the inhabitants' luxurious lifestyle until Gyges of Lydia conquered it in the 7th century B.C. Kolophon then went into decline and was eclipsed by neighboring Ephesus and by the rising naval power, Miletus.
GA96766. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 343, SNGvA 1810 (uncertain Ionia), Rosen 386 (same), Klein 358 (same); cf. SNG Berry 1040 (hemiobol, uncertain Ionia), VF, dark tone, light earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 0.158 g, maximum diameter 5.5 mm, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, late 6th century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo left; reverse irregular quadripartite incuse square; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Kolophon, Ionia, 330 - 285 B.C.

|Colophon|, |Kolophon,| |Ionia,| |330| |-| |285| |B.C.||dichalkon|
After the death of Alexander the Great, Perdiccas expelled the Athenian settlers on Samos to Kolophon. Antigonus controlled Kolophon until general Prepelaus sized the area for Lysimachus in 302 B.C. Lysimachus destroyed Kolophon (and Lebedos) and forced the survivors to emigrate to Ephesos, c. 285 B.C. After his death in 281, Kolophon was reestablished, but it never fully recovered.
GB89577. Bronze dichalkon, Milne Kolophon 114(a); SNG Cop 154; cf. BMC Ionia p. 38, 20 ff. (various magistrates), VF, very nice style, dark green patina, pitting, obverse off center, weight 1.873 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, 330 - 285 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse forepart of a galloping, bridled and saddled horse right, KONNIΣ (magistrate's name) upward on left, KO below; ex Forum (2010); $65.00 (€59.80)
 







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REFERENCES|

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