, , , 404 - 370 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.GS85151. Silver , 380.18 (same dies), group IV H23, 65.1(a) (this die), I 1144.2, Hoover 30, VF, , , areas of light etching, 6.075 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 270o, mint, 404 - 370 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly right, wearing necklace, hair confined by and floating loosely; horse grazing right, legs straight, dotted , ΛAPI above; ex Art of Money (Portland, OR); $800.00 (€712.00)
, , Dionysius I, 405 - 367 B.C.
The model for the on the is derived from the facing Arethusa by Kimon. This issue is usually attributed to Exakestidas with examples signed E or EΞ. Stylistic differences suggest other engravers also worked the issue. This example, signed EE, is of the very finest and clearly the of Exakestidas. EΞ was probably intended. No other examples of the signed EE are known to .SH83659. Bronze tetras, cf. II p. 59 ff., 29 (unlisted dies); 385; 679; 1107; 1432 (R1, 415-405 B.C.); -; -, aEF, the finest , nice green , light corrosion, edge flaws, 2.23 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 90o, mint, c. 400 B.C.; of nymph Arethusa facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and necklace, , EE (master engraver signature, blundered EΞ for Exakestidas) lower left below hair; octopus; ex Savoca Numismatik GmbH & Co. KG, auction 6 (9 Apr 2015), lot 68; $500.00 (€445.00)
Kamarina, , c. 420 - 405 B.C.
A was a horror-creating pendant. The name derives from the Greek word gorgós, which means "dreadful." The Gorgons were three sisters who had hair of living, venomous snakes, and a horrifying that turned those who saw it to stone. Stheno and Euryale were immortal, but their sister was not, and was slain by Perseus. Zeus, , Hellenistic kings and wore for protection. Images of the Gorgons were also put upon objects and buildings for protection. A image is at the center of the of the temple at Corfu, the oldest stone in from about 600 B.C.GI79953. Bronze tetras, , C, 189; p. 39, 36; III, p. 53, 16; 432; 546; -; -, gVF, , nice green , and struck, light marks, very light corrosion, small edge split, 4.731 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 0o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, c. 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) round , wild locks, no hair band, large eyes, straight mouth; KAMA (upward on left), owl standing right on right leg, grasping lizard with down in the left talon, three pellets (mark of value) in , Γ (control mark) right; $450.00 (€400.50)
, , , c. 405 - 370 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS79835. Silver , 89.1 (same dies), I 1148, 215 var. (facing slightly right), VF, , of corrosion, double struck, , 5.835 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 270o, mint, c. 405 - 370 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , earring, and wire necklace; horse grazing right, legs straight, ΛAPIΣ above; ex Coins; $320.00 (€284.80)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $280.00 (€249.20)
, , , c. 365 - 356 B.C.
When ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late fifth century B.C., it chose local types for its coins. The depicted the local fountain nymph , for whom the town was named, probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The depicted a horse in various poses.SH73414. Silver , 316, I 1158, 121, 454, VF, etched surfaces, double struck, 5.618 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, mint, 365 - 356 B.C.; of nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring and wire necklace; horse crouching right, left foreleg raised, preparing to lie down, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines, the first above, the second line in ; ex with his tag noting, "V. ex , Jan. 94, SFr. 175.-"; $270.00 (€240.30)
Kamarina, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Kamarina was suffering a plague. A of the city was the suspected source. The town oracle advised them not to drain the , but in 405 B.C., the leaders ignored the advice. Once the was dry, there was nothing to stop the Carthaginian army. They marched across the newly drained , razed the city, and killed every last inhabitant.GI76951. Bronze tetras, 195.12; p. 40, 38; III p. 57, 24; 168; V 410; 547 (S); 1226 var. ( ), gVF, , attractive dark brown surfaces, some light corrosion, 3.552 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 225o, Kamarina (near Scoglitti, , Italy) mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; facing of ( ) with neatly waved hair, pearled headband, smiling expression, dimpled cheeks; KAMA (downward on right), owl standing left on left leg, facing, lizard with down in right talon, three pellets (mark of value) in ; ; $270.00 (€240.30)
Gela, , c. 339 - 310 B.C.
Demeter in Greek mythology is the goddess of grain and fertility, the pure; nourisher of the youth and the green earth, the health-giving cycle of life and death; and preserver of marriage and the sacred law. In the Homeric Hymn to Demeter, dated to about the seventh century B.C. she is invoked as the "bringer of ," a subtle sign that she was worshiped long before she was made one of the . She and her daughter were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries that also predated the Olympian . SH71027. Bronze tetras, , group XII, 549; III p. 29, 59; p. 74, 77; 287; 324; 123; 388 (R1), VF, , green , corrosion, 2.921 g, maximum 14.5 mm, 135o, Gela mint, c. 339 - 310 B.C.; ΓEΛΩI−ΩN (beginning upward on left), of Demeter facing slightly right, wreathed with barley, wearing earrings and necklace; bearded of river-god Gela left, short horn over forehead, bull's ear, wreathed with barley (or reeds?); ; $260.00 (€231.40)
, , , c. 356 - 342 B.C.
The of most of the coins of depicted the nymph of the local spring, , for whom the town was named. The was probably inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa. The usually depicted a horse in various poses. The horse was an appropriate symbol of , a land of plains, which was well known for its horses. On other coins, there is a male figure, probably the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos.GS73406. Silver , pl. III, 27 (same dies); I 1158; 316; 121; 454, VF, on a , etched surfaces, scratch on cheek, 5.920 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 135o, mint, c. 356 - 342 B.C.; of the nymph facing slightly left, wearing , pendant earring, and simple necklace; horse crouching right, left foreleg bent and raised, preparing to onto the ground, ΛAPIΣ/AIΩN in two lines starting above, ending in ; ex with his tag noting, "Thz. G/ni ex Thess., Apr. 94, SFr. 100.-"; $250.00 (€222.50)
Selinous, , c. 450 - 440 B.C.
Selinous was once one of the most important Greek colonies in . In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians attacked with a vast army believed to include at least 100,000 men. Selinus, with a population of about 30,000 excluding slaves, was unprepared and an auxiliary force promised by , and Gela did not arrive. The Selinuntines defended themselves with courage, and after the walls were breached, continued to fight from house to house. After tens days the city fell. Of the citizens, 16,000 were slain and 5,000 made prisoners, but more than 2,600 escaped to Agrigento.GI79939. Bronze cast tetras, I p. 235, 4; 1272; 1233 (R1); -; -; -; -; -; -, F, green , 11.019 g, maximum 20.5 mm, 0o, Selinus mint, 450 - 440 B.C.; facing of ( ), ; wild celery (selinon) leaf, three pellets (mark of value) around, ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
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