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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ SisciaView Options:  |  |  |   

Siscia, Pannonia (Sisak, Croatia)

Siscia, a chief town and colony of Pannonia, was located at confluence of the Colapis and Savus, and is now called Sisak, Croatia. The mint master was called procurator monetae Siscianae. Dates of operation: 260 - c. 390. Mintmarks: S, SIS, SISC, SISCPS.


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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RIC lists this type as common but we believe it is scarce and that this bust/officina variety is very rare. We found only one other specimen with this bust from the first officina (on Wildwinds).

About 287, Diocletian assumed the title Iovius and Maximian assumed the title Herculius. The titles were symbolic of their roles: Diocletian-Jove was dominant, responsible for planning and commanding; Maximian-Hercules had the heroic role of completing assigned tasks. Despite the symbolism, the emperors were not actually worshiped as the gods Jupiter and Hercules in the imperial cult. Instead, they were seen as the gods' instruments, imposing the gods' will on earth.
RB87676. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 591, Cohen VI 619, Venra 7680 var. (1 spec., 2nd off.), OCRE_RIC 591 var. (1 spec., bust r.d.c. from behind), Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, VF, well centered and struck, brown patina, light corrosion, closed edge crack, weight 3.757 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 2nd emission, 2nd phase, Dec 286 - Jan 287 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A VAL MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, drapery (paludamentum) on far shoulder; reverse VIRTVS AVGVSTORVM (to the courage of the emperors), Hercules standing slightly right, head right, nude but for Nemean Loin's skin over left shoulder and arm, resting right hand on grounded club, bow in left hand, A in left field, XXI in exergue; very rare; $155.00 (136.40)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D., Issued by Vetranio

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In 312 A.D., Constantine dreamed he saw a Christogram in the sky and heard the words IN HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS, meaning in Latin "In this sign, you will be the victor." He ordered the sign of Christ on his legions standards and shields. He won a great victory and later became the first Christian Roman Emperor.
RL90728. Billon maiorina, RIC VIII Siscia 284 (S), LRBC II 1171, Voetter 48, SRCV V 18903, Cohen VII 3, gVF, oval flan, encrustation, flan split, weight 5.040 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, issued by Vetranio, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind, star in front; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Constantius standing half-left, in military dress, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in each hand, A left, star above, ΓSIS in exergue; scarce; $140.00 (123.20)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) lists the symbol following the mintmark as a double crescent but we have seen a number of coins like this one, on which the symbol appears to be pellet within a crescent.
RL12085. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) var. (double crescent), SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, Choice EF, nice portrait, attractive green patina, weight 3.075 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, BSIS and pellet within crescent in exergue; rare; $100.00 (88.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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On 30 April 313, Licinius defeated his rival Maximinus II at the Battle of Tzirallum and became emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. Maximinus fled to Nicomedia and committed suicide.
RL89934. Billon follis, RIC VII Siscia 17 (R1), SRCV IV 15212, Cohen VII 66, Hunter V 73 var. (2nd officina), Choice EF, full borders centering, sharp portrait, attractive glossy dark brown patina, weight 3.689 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 15o, 5th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 315 - 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, E right, SIS in exergue; scarce; $100.00 (88.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people." For this issue, the altar is always marked I for the first (A) and second (B) officinae, and S for the third (Γ), fourth (∆) and fifth (E) officinae.
RL89672. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 96 (R4), SRCV IV 15357, Cohen VII 170, Hunter V -, Choice VF, much silvering, well centered, scattered porosity, weight 2.410 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT P R, set on altar inscribed with an S, ΓSIS* in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $95.00 (83.60)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership. In 320 A.D., Licinius reneged on the religious freedom promised by the Edict of Milan, and began a new persecution of Christians in the Eastern Roman Empire. He destroyed churches, imprisoned Christians and confiscated their property.
RL89667. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 86 (R5), SRCV IV 15357, Cohen VII 170, Hunter V -, Choice VF, dark green patina, traces of silvering, small earthen deposits, weight 2.982 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP, two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT P R set on altar inscribed with a serifed I, BSIS in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection; rare; $85.00 (74.80)


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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In 295, Galerius, caesar in the Balkans, was dispatched to Egypt to fight against the rebellious cities Busiris and Coptos.
RT77118. Silvered follis, RIC VI Siscia 90b (R2), SRCV IV 14365, Cohen VII 56, EF, most silvering remaining, nice portrait, weight 8.863 g, maximum diameter 27.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, c. 295 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing left, modius on head, naked but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libation from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, Γ right, *SIS in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). Virtus applied exclusively to a man's behavior in the public sphere, that is to the application of duty to the res publica in the cursus honorum. Private business was no place to earn virtus, even when it involved courage or feats of arms or other good qualities. There could be no virtue in exploiting one's manliness in the pursuit of personal wealth, for example. It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA89442. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 810; Alfldi Siscia V 96, 178; Pink VI-1, p. 50; SRCV III 12071; Cohen VI 900; Hunter IV 195 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, full circles centering, weight 3.726 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 4th emission, 277 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), Mars walking right, transverse spear in right hand, trophy over shoulder in left, XXIS in exergue; $80.00 (70.40)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RT77507. Bronze follis, RIC VI Siscia 233a, SRCV IV 15249, Hunter V 64 var. (1st officina), Cohen VII -, EF, some silvering, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.556 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG NN (to Jove the protector of our two Emperors), Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe and offering wreath in Zeus' right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, ∆ right, SIS in exergue; $75.00 (66.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 7 March 321, Constantine I proclaimed the dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture allowed. Jews continued to observe the Sabbath on Saturday, and Constantine himself, despite his acceptance of Christianity, continued to worship the sun god, Sol.
RL87900. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 59 (also first officina), RIC VII Siscia 181, SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Choice aEF, well centered, much silvering, areas of small areas of some porosity, weight 2.955 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, ASIS and sunrise in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $75.00 (66.00)




  



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Catalog current as of Friday, July 19, 2019.
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Siscia