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Olynthos, Chalkidian League, Macedonia, 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of Macedonia temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of Macedonia by Illyrians. When he was restored and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, Robinson-Clement group D, 38 (same dies); Traité pl. 313, 10; SNG ANS -; SNG Cop -; BMC Macedonia -, VF, weight 2.043 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; obverse OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate head of Apollo left; reverse XAΛKI∆EΩN, kithara with eight strings, squared legend around, all within a shallow incuse square; scarce; $170.00 (€144.50)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 500 - 480 B.C.
Published examples of this type are about twice the weight of this coin and identified as diobols and trihemiobols. Our coin might be an underweight diobol or trihemiobol, but the weight is closer to an obol.
Eion was only about 3 miles from Amphipolis and after the 5th century was merely a seaport of its large neighbor. The denomination is either a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time. GS86791. Silver diobol, SNG Cop 175; SNG ANS 277; BMC Macedonia p. 73, 5, VF, centered, porosity, edge crack, weight 1.033 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eion mint, c. 500 - 480 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, left leg raised, head turned back, lizard left above; reverse mill-sail incuse square; $170.00 (€144.50)
Eion, Macedonia, c. 460 - 400 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The denomination is variously described as a diobol or trihemiobol. The significance of the obversetype is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.GA85755. Silver trihemiobol, SNG ANS 281, SNG Berry 29, Klein 151, BMC Macedonia p. 75, 21, SNG Cop 180 corr. (says H below, none on plate); HGC 3.1 521, VF, well centered on a broad flan, etched and porous surfaces, edge cracks, weight 0.882 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 0o, Eion mint, c. 460 - 400 B.C.; obverse goose standing right, looking back, lizard above, no control letter; reverse quadripartite incuse square; $150.00 (€127.50)
Acanthos, Macedonia, Greece, c. 424 - 380 B.C.
Acanthus was an ancient colony from Andros, situated on the isthmus which connects the peninsula of Acte with the mainland of Chalcidice. It began to coin silver in large quantities about B.C. 500 or earlier. Until the time of the expedition of Brasidas, 424 B.C., the Euboïc standard was used, after that date the Phoenician. GA86793. Silver tetrobol, BMC Macedonia p. 153, 37; SNG ANS 44 ff. var. (different controls/initials); SNG Cop 16 ff. var. (same); AMNG III-2, p. 28, 33 ff. var. (same), VF, well centered, bumps, scratches, porosity, weight 2.049 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Acanthos mint, c. 424 - 380 B.C.; obverse forepart of kneeling bull left, head looking back, EY (control or magistrate initials) above; reverse shallow quadripartite incuse square; very rare variety; $150.00 (€127.50)
Skione, Macedonia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
Skione, in Pallene, on the southern coast of the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, east of the modern town of Nea Skioni, was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea. The Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled there after their ships were blown to the site by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their return from Troy. In early 423 B.C., encouraged by promises of support from the Spartan general Brasidas, Skione revolted against Athens. In summer 421, after a long siege, the Athenians took the city, put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. By Roman imperial times, Skione had nearly disappeared. GB67654. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 321, SNG ANS 716, SNG Evelpidis 1282, F, flan crack, weight 4.470 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 90o, Skione mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse diademed male head (Apollo?) right; reverse ΣKIΩ−N (or similar), Corinthian helmet right; rare; $45.00 (€38.25) ON RESERVE
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