, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
As reported by B.V. in Chapter 5 of Excavations at : The Archaic Artemisia, a coin of this was one of five coins found in excavations underneath the foundations of the southern wall of the B cella of the Artemisia at . The other four coins were and paw types. wrote these coins must have been deposited during construction of the First Temple (A). 145 is the coin found at the Artemisia (= 79), now at the Arkeoloji Müzesi, Istanbul. The coins appear to be struck with the same die.SH84450. 1/24 , Milesian ; 145 - 146; p. 86 and pl. 2, 79; cf. 1781 (different ); 287 (same); 717 (same), gVF, centered, edge cracks, some die rust (also found on other examples of this ), 0.579 g, maximum 6.2 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; bridled and neck of Pegasos left, with top edge of wing visible; four raised squares in a pattern within square punch; very ; $1800.00 (€1602.00)
the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, c. 650 - 600 B.C., Rough Irregular "Typeless"
Some sales catalogs describe similar coins as the striated . The roughly parallel lines on the striated appear to be impressed into the "obverse" by lines cut into the anvil. On this coin, it appears the rough irregular "typeless" surface is simply flattened rough pre-strike features from the raw irregular nugget-like "planchet." Based on the apparent wear on the punch, huge numbers of this may have been struck. Very few have survived. This is the first example handled by .SH77378. 1/24 , cf. 7768, 682, I 14 -15, -, -, VF, 0.647 g, maximum 5.7 mm, uncertain mint, 650 - 600 B.C.; flattened rough irregular "typeless" surface; roughly square pyramidal punch with striated sides, divided roughly in half by a raised irregular line, striated sides and the irregular line appear to be the result of wear; very ; $1080.00 (€961.20)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced coins are not very similar. It might be more appropriate to describe this coin as unpublished but perhaps the pattern is purely random and it is from the same mint and issue as the or Von Aulock coin.
SH76827. 1/24 , cf. 688, 7768, (neither very similar), -, -, I -, -, -, VF, 0.710 g, maximum 6.8 mm, uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; random(?) pattern of shapes and pellets; a roughly square punch with a central pellet surrounded by a random(?) pattern of curved lines; $510.00 (€453.90)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., Struck in the Name of Philip
Struck in the name of Philip III Arrhidaeus, Alexander the Great's half-brother, under the regent Perdikkas. Philip III and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV, were made joint kings after Alexander's death. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule and both were selected only to serve as pawns. Perdikkas held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Philip was murdered by to ensure the succession of her grandson.SH75320. Silver , P43, P50, 938, aEF, some die wear, 4.238 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 323 - c. 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; ΦIΛIΠΠOY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right foot drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, left; ex (2005); $180.00 (€160.20)
Klazomenai, , c. 386 - 301 B.C.
The ruins of Klazomenai (or Clazomenae) are in the modern town Urla near in Province, Turkey. It was one of the first cities to issue silver coinage. Clazomenae was attacked by the Lydian Alyattes II in the 6th century. During the 5th century it was for some time subject to the Athenians, but about the middle of the Peloponnesian War, c. 412 B.C. it revolted. After a brief resistance, it again acknowledged the Athenian supremacy, and repelled a Lacedaemonian attack. In 387 B.C. Klazomenai and other cities in were taken over by , but the city continued to issue its own coins. Under the Romans, Clazomenae was included in the province of , and enjoyed an immunity from taxation.GB72669. Brass AE 16, p. 24, 56; 85; 484; 1993, gVF, 4.894 g, maximum 16.1 mm, 0o, Klazomenai (Urla, Turkey) mint, c. 386 - 301 B.C.; of , turned slightly right, wearing triple crested helmet, earrings and necklace; ram walking right, KΛAZOME/NIΩN in two lines above, uncertain control symbol ( ?) right; ex Roger Liles Collection; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, I Monophthalmus, 320 - 301 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck by I Monophthalmus ("the One-eyed") as of (320 - 306 B.C.) or as (306 - 301 B.C.). Antigonos I was a nobleman, general, and governor under Alexander the Great. Upon Alexander's death in 323 B.C., he established himself as one of the successors and declared himself in 306 B.C. The most powerful satraps of the empire, Cassander, Seleucus, Ptolemy and , answered by also proclaiming themselves kings. found himself at war with all four, largely because his territory shared borders with all of them. He died in battle at Ipsus in 301 B.C. Antigonus' kingdom was divided up, with Seleucus I Nicator gaining the most. His son, Demetrius I Poliorcetes, took Macedon, which the family held, off and on, until it was conquered by Rome in 168 B.C.GS75260. Silver , cf. 1789 ff., 1603 ff., 917 f., 513 ff. (all with various under throne), VF, nice , on a , light marks and scratches, small areas of encrustation, 4.235 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 301 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around waist and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, SW left, uncertain symbol under throne(?); $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Struck in the Name of Alexander the Great
Colophon struck this commemorative in the name of Alexander the Great under the rule of . The city also issued the same with the same in the name of (examples are listed in Forum's catalog). Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of .GS76133. Silver , 1843, -, -, -, -, VF, , , scratches, struck with a worn die, 4.163 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 301 - 297 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around hips and legs, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, crescent horns right over lion-forepart left in left , pentagram under throne; $155.00 (€137.95)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
, a bodyguard for Alexander the Great, was made a (general) after Alexander's death. He became one of the (successors) of Alexander who divided the empire and continually allied and warred with each other. In 305, he took the title of ( ), ruling , and . He was killed in battle against Seleukos.
Colophon was about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of . The same with the same was also issued by Colophon in the name of Alexander (examples are listed in Forum's catalog).GS84602. Silver , L23, 123, L19, 6812, gF, , , 4.000 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, , Kolophon (near Degirmendere Fev, Turkey) mint, c. 299 - c. 296 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, forepart and crescent left, pentagram under throne; from the Woolslayer Collection, ex (2004); $155.00 (€137.95)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son with Roxana, Alexander IV. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only intended to use them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . was Alexander the Great's mother and Alexander IV's grandmother, but not Philip III's mother. Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.GS75257. Silver , 2264, I 378, 231, 593, -, -, -, VF, on a , uneven , die wear, 3.970 g, maximum 16.9 mm, 0o, , Teos mint, struck under Menander or , 323 - 319 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne without back, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left, Πο over ∆I left; ; $135.00 (€120.15)
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