, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Roman Provincial
ruled for just a few months. The mint of struck coins with his name, though the portrait bears little resemblance to those of the other mints. It is possible that produced coins without having an image of the new emperor.RP84745. Bronze , 5364 (3 spec.); 257; 336; 26, 217; 376; 710; 18.13; 189 (R4); -, F, attractive brown tone, , light scratches, , 16.768 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, mint, 69 A.D.; AYTOK MAPK OΘΩNOΣ KAIΣ ΣEB, laureate right, beveled edge; of right, wearing papyrus diadem, behind right shoulder, date LA (year 1) before; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; extremely ; $1300.00 (€1157.00)
, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, , Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $580.00 (€516.20)
Piakos, , c. 425 - 400 B.C.
Struck with unsigned dies by the ?Maestro della Foglia.? was the first to suggest that this famed artist who magnificent masterpieces for Katane, was also the engraver for the dies of this Piakos coinage. Other experts have agreed. This particular might have been his very first . dates the to a possible period of transitory independence, 425 - 424 B.C., during the time of the first Carthaginian invasion of to shortly after Gela's conference. Other authorities date it as late as 400 B.C.SH71341. Bronze tetras, III p. 198, 2; pl. LX, 14; 1101 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF, 2.357 g, maximum 14.4 mm, 45o, Piakos mint, c. 425 - 400 B.C.; P•I•A•K (pellets are mark of value), laureate and horned of a young river-god left; hound right attacking fallen stag right, seizing her by the throat, barley kernel on left and another on right; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
Gela, , 420 - 405 B.C.
Gela, named after the river Gela, was founded by from Rhodos and around 688 B.C. In 424 B.C., the Congress of Gela established a "Sicily for the Sicilians" platform and formed a league that pushed back the Athenian attempt to conquer the island. The city had a history of internal strife between its plebs and aristocrats. When the Carthaginians arrived in 311 BC, they easily captured the Gela with the of its elites. In 282 B.C., Phintias of Agrigento ruthlessly destroyed Gela to crush its power forever. In Roman times it was only a small settlement.SH76948. Bronze tetras, III p. 17, 32/1; 516; 115; 283; 314; , p. 73, 66; 379 (S), gVF, on a broad , nice green , light marks and corrosion, 3.408 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 90o, Gela mint, 420 - 405 B.C.; bull standing left, lowered and turned slightly facing, barley kernel over ΓEΛAΣ above, three pellets in ; horned of beardless young river-god Gela right, no diadem, floating hair, barley kernel behind; ; $320.00 (€284.80)
Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, , 5 - 4 B.C., Legate P. Quinctilius Varus
Publius Quinctilius Varus was a Roman general and politician under . From 7 or 6 B.C. until 4 B.C. he governed where he was known for harsh rule and high taxes. Josephus mentions the action of Varus in 4 B.C., against a revolt in following the death of Herod the Great. Varus occupied Jerusalem and crucified 2000 rebels. Varus is most infamous for losing three Roman legions in an ambush by Germanic tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, at which point he took his own life. Upon hearing the news, tore his clothes, refused to cut his hair for months and, for years afterward, was heard, upon occasion, to moan, "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my Legions!" (Quintili Vare, legiones redde!).RP84651. Bronze trichalkon, 87; 50c; 4252; 92; 640; p. 159, 59; 402 (S), F, centered on a , dark with red earthen highlighting, , light corrosion, 5.501 g, maximum 20.0 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, legate P. Quinctilius Varus, 5 - 4 B.C.; laureate of Zeus right; ANTIOXEΩ EΠI OVAPOV, seated right on , turreted, wearing and , frond in her right hand, half-length figure of river-god swimming right below, his turned facing, ZK (Actian Era year 27) in the right ; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
The Rhine and the Danube formed most of the northern inland frontier of the Roman Empire.RA72656. , 2371, 355b, 88c, 87, 10991, 123, - (p. lxxxviii), gVF, scratches, 3.812 g, maximum 24.5 mm, 180o, Agrippinensis ( , Germany) mint, 1st emission, 2nd phase, 260 - 261 A.D.; IMP C POSTVMVS , , draped, and right; (health of the provinces), river-god (Rhine) reclining left, horned, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, resting right forearm on prow of a boat, reed cradled in left hand and arm, left elbow resting on urn behind; $170.00 (€151.30)
Hannibalianus, Rex Regum, 337 A.D.
Hannibalianus, the nephew of , was named rex regum et Ponticarum gentium ( of the Pontic Land and Peoples) in early 337. He was to take the place the pro-Roman Tigranes of , who had recently been ousted by the Persian Shapur II. Constantine, however, died on 22 May, before retaking . Later in 337, Hannibalianus, Dalmatius and many other male relatives, were murdered at the behest of one or all of Constantine’s sons (though they denied it). Hannibalianus was the Roman who never actually ruled any territory.RL84948. reduced , Constantinople 147 (R2), I 1034, 16905, 2, F, , rough, 1.036 g, maximum 15.0 mm, 0o, 6th , Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D; FL HANNIBALLIANO REGI, bare-headed, draped, and right; SE-CVRITAS (security of the public), Euphrates reclining right leaning on , urn at his side, reed behind, CONSS in ; ; $170.00 (€151.30)
, Augusta, 13 Mar 222 - Feb/Mar 235 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria,
RY84567. Bronze 8 assaria, cf. 857(a) ( ); 665; p. 209, 491; 3044; 257; 491b (all leg. variants), aVF, broad , corrosion, 13.501 g, maximum 30.9 mm, 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, IVΛ CEBACTH, draped right, wearing ; ANTIOXE-WN MH KO, seated left on , wearing turreted crown, and , grain ears in right hand, left hand resting on rock; ram above leaping left with right; inner right; river-god swimming left below; ∆ - E over in two lines divided flanking across above center; $135.00 (€120.15)
Katane, , c. 415 - 403 B.C.
Katane was captured by Dionysios of in 403 B.C., who sold the population into slavery and resettled the city with Campanian mercenaries. The city submitted to during the First Punic war. GB90652. Bronze tetras, III p. 91, 1; 1272; p. 50, 51; -, -, VF, 1.985 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 45o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 415 - 403 B.C.; AMENANOΣ, young of river-god Amenanos left, with horns and wavy hair; winged thunderbolt, wings open, K-A flanking under wings, three small pellets around (two above wings, one right); ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes II the Great, 95 - 56 B.C.
Tigranes was called "Tigranes the Great" by Plutarch. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. At its height, Tigranes' empire extended from the Pontic Alps to and from the Caspian to the Mediterranean. In 83 B.C., the Syrians offered him the crown and after conquering and , he effectively ended the Seleucid Empire. His southern reached as far as Akko-Ptolemais. The first Armenian ruler to issue coins, he adopted the Seleucid tradition and struck coins at Antioch and during his occupation of from 83 to 69 B.C. In 66 B.C., Pompey advanced into with Tigranes' own son as an ally. Tigranes, now almost 75 years old, surrendered. Pompey treated him generously and returned of his kingdom in return for 6,000 talents of silver. His unfaithful son was sent back to as a prisoner. Tigranes continued to rule as an ally of until his death in 55 B.C.GB84505. Bronze , 81, 93, AC 49, 85, F, with strong effects, earthen deposits, scratches, a bit rough, 7.123 g, maximum 21.9 mm, 0o, Tigranocerta (near Diyarbakir, Turkey) mint, c. 80 - 68 B.C.; right wearing Armenian , five-pointed ornamented with between two eagles, top extends outside of dot ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ − BAΣIΛEIΩN / TIΓPANOY, seated right on , turreted, holding frond in right hand, TP to the left of frond and above her arm, A below frond, half-length figure of river-god swimming right at her feet below; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
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