, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
Dionysopolis, Inferior, Late 3rd - 2nd Century B.C.
Dionysopolis was founded by Thracians and later colonized by who named it Krounoi. The city was renamed Dionysopolis during the second half of the 3rd century B.C., after a statue of Dionysus was found in the sea nearby. Most of the types from Dionysopolis are or . Today it is Balchik, Bulgaria, a Black Sea seaside resort town. IΦI is the only magistrate lists for this .SH75655. Bronze AE 17, Dionysopolis 5, 115 - 116, -, -, -, -, aVF, , weak center, 5.502 g, maximum 17.3 mm, 270o, Dionysopolis (Balchik, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Iphia–, c. 3rd - 2nd century B.C.; of Demeter right wearing veil and crown made of city walls; ∆IONY / IΦIA, poppy on stalk on left, stalk of grain on right; very , unpublished until 1997; $250.00 (€222.50)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 336 - 330 B.C.
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city.GI76350. Bronze AE 12, I, p. 272, 10; 1061 (R1); 5, III, pl. 44, 1362; -; -; -, gVF, dark green , light , light marks and corrosion, small edge split, 1/5 off-center, 1.975 g, maximum 12.2 mm, 0o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 336 - 330 B.C.; horse galloping right, barley-kernel above, linear ; forepart of a right, Punic above: ZIZ; all within a deep round ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
or was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento). It was distant about 20 km from and 40 from Tarentum. The ruins of are located in the frazione of Metaponto, in the comune of Bernalda, in the Province of Matera, Basilicata region, Italy.SH70576. Bronze AE 14, 62, 574, 1261, 534, 55, 420, 232, 1698, -, gVF, nice , , 3.426 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 270o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; of Demeter right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, wearing pendant earring; (upwards on left), of barley with leaf right, fly (bee?) on right flying right above leaf; $240.00 (€213.60)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
A major feature of the festival of Karneios, celebrated in Sparta, Spartan colonies, and some cities of Magna , was the race of the staphylodromi. The staphylodromi were unmarried men, dedicated to the god for four years. During the festival they hunted a willing human victim who was adorned with woolen garlands and who had made special prayers for the city. If the victim was caught, it was a beneficial omen, but if he escaped, the city would not fare well.GI83471. Bronze AE 11, 64, 1700, cf. 587 (control), 1256 (same), 287 (same), 67 (same), VF, green , on a , adjustment marks, 1.590 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 0o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; horned of Karneios right; barley ear with leaf to right, upward on left, fly right (control symbol) above leaf upper right; $220.00 (€195.80)
, , Italy, c. 300 - 250 B.C.
or was an important city of Magna , on a plain of extraordinary fertility on the Gulf of Tarentum, between the river Bradanus and the Casuentus (modern Basento). It was distant about 20 km from and 40 from Tarentum. The ruins of are located in the frazione of Metaponto, in the comune of Bernalda, in the Province of Matera, Basilicata region, Italy.GI76341. Bronze AE 14, 59b, 421, 56, 1695, -, -, -, gVF, , , 3.014 g, maximum 13.8 mm, 270o, mint, c. 300 - 250 B.C.; of Demeter right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley, wearing pendant earring; of barley with leaf left, downward on right; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Thessalian League, , , c. 146 - 27 B.C.
The Thessalian League was a loose confederacy of city-states and tribes in the Thessalian valley in N. . of Macedon took control of in 344 B.C and it remained under until the Roman in 197 B.C. The league was reestablished in 196 B.C. but had little autonomy after became of the province of in 146 B.C.GB77000. Bronze , 904.1 (same die), 49 var. (length and orientation of magistrate names), 326 var. (same), gVF, and struck, some corrosion, small edge cut, 6.348 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, magistrates Pherekrates and Isagoras; helmeted of right, ΦEPEKPA/THΣ in two lines above and below, IAΣΓO left; horse trotting right, grain ear right, ΘEΣ/ΣAΛΛΩ−N in two line above and below; $160.00 (€142.40)
Akrai, , c. 211 - 80 B.C.
Akrai was a small colony founded by in 664 B.C. to secure the inland road to Gela. Constructed on the peak of a , Akrai was difficult to attack and ideal for watching the surrounding territory. Loyal to , it nevertheless had administrative and military autonomy. Thanks to its strategic position, the city achieved great prosperity, peaking during the reign of Hieron II, 275 - 215 B.C. Its coinage was only issued after the fall of in 211 B.C. when it became of the Roman province Acre. The city continued to be under Roman rule into the period.GI79952. Bronze AE 23, 02; 9; III p. 37, 1 var. (KP ); p. 2, 1 var. (same); 180 (S) var. (same); -, aF, glossy lime-green , scratches, , 7.517 g, maximum 22.8 mm, 0o, Akrai (Palazzolo Acreide, , Italy) mint, c. 210 - 80 B.C.; of right, hair rolled and wreathed with barley; AK-P-AIΩN, Demeter standing left, wearing long and , torch in right hand, in left hand; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Tamouda, , 1st Century B.C.
Tamuda (Tamusia) was founded by Berbers in the 3rd century B.C. There was likely a Phoenician presence in the next century, mainly for commerce. Rome occupied Tamuda during the reign of . Around 42 A.D., it was leveled by Roman garrisons during an insurrection. It was replaced with a fortified settlement, later a Roman castrum, and grew to be a major city of Tingitana. Industry included fish salting and purple dye production. The region became fully Romanized, Christian and "pacified." By the time the arrived in the fifth century the city had disappeared from history and may have already been abandoned.GB84555. Bronze AE 16, 585, 718, 242, 6653, aVF, , corrosion, 2.221 g, maximum 15.8 mm, 45o, Tamouda (near Tetouan, Morocco) mint, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; bearded right, neo-Punic behind : TMDT (or similar); two heads of grain, meander symbol and pellet between them; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Leontini, , c. 405 - 402 B.C.
Leontini was founded as by from Naxos in 729 BC, itself a Chalcidian colony established five years earlier. It was the only significant Greek settlement in not located on the coast, being some 6 miles inland. The site, originally held by the Sicels, was seized by the Greeks owing to its command of the fertile plain to the . The city was reduced to subject status in 498 BC by Hippocrates of Gela, and in 476 BC Hieron of moved the inhabitants from Catania and Naxos to Leontini. GI76342. Bronze tetras, III p. 77, 3; 360; 270; 606; 1070; p. 92, 56; 169; 709 (R1), VF, , glossy dark , 1.891 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 180o, Leontini mint, c. 405 - 402 B.C.; laureate of right, olive leaf and olive behind; with loop handles, a barley kernel flanking on each side, between legs of tripod, three pellets in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
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