The dedicates this coin to the courage and valor of the army.RL79117. , Lyons 113 (R1), 65, 16320, 689, -, EF, bold strike, much , 3.340 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 321 A.D.; , laureate, draped and right; , two captives flanking inscribed VOT / XX, C left, R right, PLC in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
notes the VI following the letter may be a mark of value indicating six scrupula.RL76361. , 88 (R4), 16201, 119 (5 fr.), VF, nice green , , some , light cleaning marks, 2.342 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 320 A.D.; , laureate right; D N , , TSΓVI in , no ; very ; $180.00 (€160.20)
It is no wonder this is . belonged to Licinius. In 321, Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging territory in his realm, across the Danube into Licinius' territory. When he repeated this chasing Goths who had pillaged in , Licinius complained that Constantine had broken their treaty. Soon after this issue began, the co-emperors were at war. In 324, this same was struck for , who Licinius, after being defeated by Constantine at Adrianople, had appointed as his co-emperor and Constantine's nominal replacement in the .
The XIIΓ probably indicates that the was retariffed to 12 1/2 communes.RT76372. , p. 607, 43 (R4); 15950, 292; -, VF, excellent centering, cleaning scratches, light corrosion, 2.870 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS , , draped and right; , standing facing, left, nude but for over left shoulder, on globe offering in his right hand, topped vertical in left, with in beak standing left on left, X/IIΓ on right above bearded captive at feet seated right with turned looking back at , SMNB in ; very ; $180.00 (€160.20)
In 321, assigned convicts to grind Rome's flour in a move to hold back the rising of food in an empire whose population had shrunk as a result of plague.RL76394. , 185 (R2), 16315, 690, EF, attractive , excellent strike, some , 2.941 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 195o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, helmeted and right; , inscribed VOT / XX in two lines, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with hand to in attitude of mourning, the one on the right with bound behind and turned looking back left, in ; from the Scott Collection; $165.00 (€146.85)
The abbreviates, Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous to the eternal Prince." on the abbreviates, Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."RL77186. , Trier 209 (R1), 16297, 640, -, EF, much , some luster, areas of mild , 3.096 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Trier, Germany) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and right; , two Victories holding inscribed VOT / P R over , STR in ; $160.00 (€142.40)
In Roman religion every man has a , a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of . Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a . On coins we find inscriptions to the of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The dedicates this coin to the of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a in one hand, and a or a in the other.RL77178. , 255 (S), 470 (122 specimens), 15921, 215, EF, , nice portrait, nice green some copper high spots, centers a little weak, slightest , 6.260 g, maximum 26.5 mm, 0o, 1st , ( , France) mint, autumn 307 - summer 308 A.D.; IMP C CONSTANTINVS , laureate and draped right, from behind; , standing left, on , bare to the waist, around hips and legs and over left arm, sacrificing from in right hand over flaming at feet on left, in left hand, PLG in ; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
In 318, Constantine was given the title for victories in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL71415. , 15/4, 164, 16083, 536, Nice VF, attractive green with red earthen highlighting, 3.616 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 315o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 318 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS , laureate, draped, and right; , Sol standing half left, , nude but for cloak over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, P in crescent in ; ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis , the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
SH71416. , Lyons 35 (R4), 16069, -, VF, nice armored left, sea green , light scratches, 3.142 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 314 - 316 A.D.; IMP , laureate and left; , Sol standing half left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, TF left, right, PLG in ; very ; $140.00 (€124.60)
The abbreviates, Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous to the eternal Prince." on the abbreviates, Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."RL79962. , 61 (R1), 637, 16303, -, VF, fantastic armed , , corrosion, rough, 2.408 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 A.D.; IMP CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, helmeted and left, helmet with high crest and ornamented with stars, spear in right hand across right shoulder, on left shoulder ornamented with a horseman riding right with his cloak flying behind; , two Victories holding between them a inscribed set on , BSIS• in ; with this ; $140.00 (€124.60)
This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Members' Gallery.RL70557. reduced , 41 (R2); p. 72, 57/1; I 429; ; -; -, aF, scratches, 1.269 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, , early 340 A.D.; P, veiled and draped right; , Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) left, [PCON or ] in (off ); very ; $135.00 (€120.15)
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