Constantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity after the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. Before the battle he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. After placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. He also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
RL65285. Silveredfollis, RIC VII 28, aVF, corrosion, very unusual legend and portrait, weight 2.997 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 315o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse F CL CONSTAN-TINVS NOV CS, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust left; reverse IOVI CONS-ERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right, long scepter vertical behind in left, palm-branch at feet left, B right, SMN in ex; very rare (RIC R4); $500.00 (375.00)
A very rare commemorative issue struck at Lyon for Constantine after his death. Constantine is most famous for leading the Empire to Christianity. Before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, he saw "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) on the sun around Chi Rho. With the symbol of Christ on his army's shields he was victorious.
RL66868. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII 2 (R), LRBC 238, Bastien Lyon 3 (only 4 specimens), VF, weight 1.777 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, posthumous, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverseDIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled bust right; reverseAETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right, staurogram (Greek cruciform monogram for Christ) in upper right field, PLG (off flan) in exergue; very rare; $200.00 (150.00)
This coin refers Constantine's victory in the Sarmatian war in 322 A.D. According to Zosimus (lib. 2), Constantine routed the Sarmatae and drove them back beyond the Danube where they rallied to renew the fight. He defeated them and again put them to flight, taking a great number of prisoners. Their King, Rausimodus was left among the slain.
RL69163. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 48, Cohen 488, Choice gVF, weight 3.239 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverseSARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, treading on captive, trophy in right, palm in left, SIRMin ex; $150.00 (112.50)
RL65366. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 86, Choice aEF, attractive black patina with highlighting red earthen desert fill, weight 2.670 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANB in ex; $125.00 (93.75)
Very clear Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaching down to take Constantine up to heaven.
RL68702. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII 37, VF, weight 1.021 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 315o, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, posthumous, 337 - April 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse Emperor, veiled, in quadriga right; the hand of God reaches down to him; star above, SMANE in ex; $90.00 (67.50)
Barbarous Imitative, Constantine Dynasty Votive, c. 321 - 330 A.D.
RL58487. Bronze AE 3, cf. RIC VII 161 (Crispus, official, Siscia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; ) and RIC VII 163 (Constantine II, official, Siscia mint, 320 - 321 A.D.), VF, weight 2.534 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 321 - 330 A.D.; obverse CONSIII-SNSIIC (or similar, blundered), laureate bust right; reverse IIIIIIOIINNIISIII (or similar, blundered), VOT V within wreath, ISIS in exergue; well centered, attractive, completely illiterate legends; $80.00 (60.00)
Bulgarian, Imitative of Alexis III, Billon Aspron Trachy, c. 1204 - 1220 A.D.
Greek magnates in Thrace probably issued the earliest "Bulgarian" imitative types in the years immediately following the fall of Constantinople to finance their military operations against the crusaders in northern Greece. When the Bulgarians gained control of Thrace they continued production until sometime between 1215 and 1220, with issues becoming increasingly crude and smaller.
BZ59294. Bronze trachy, Hendy, p. 218, Type C, pl. 25, 2(B) (imitative of SBCV 2012 of Alexis III, 1195 - 1203 A.D. ), VF, weight 3478 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 180o, obverse + KεRO HΘεI, IC - XC, beardless nimbatebust of Christ, wearing tunic and colobion, raising right in benediction, scroll in left; reverse ΛΛEΣIW ∆ECΠ Θ TW KOMNHNW (or similar), emperor, on left, and St. Constantine, nimbate on right, standing facing, each holds a labarum headed scepter and they hold a globus cruciger between them; Constantine the Great on the reverse!; $80.00 (60.00)
In 312, Constantine defeated Maxentius in battles at Turin, Brescia and Verona before, finally, on 28 October at the Battle of Milvian Bridge, Maxentius was killed and Constantine became sole Emperor in the West. During the battle, he reportedly has a vision of a cross with the phrase "in hoc signo vinces" ("In this sign you shall conquer"). Maxentius' body was fished out of the Tiber and decapitated. Constantine entered Rome on 29 October and was met with popular jubilation.
RL56576. Bronze AE 3, RIC VI 125, VF, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseMARTI CONSERVATORI, Mars standing facing, head right, inverted spear in right, leaning with left hand on grounded shield, TT in ex; rare; $70.00 (52.50)
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and the god of sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is therefore the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome.
RB67690. Bronze follis, RIC VI 61b, gVF, weight 3.669 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseIOVI CONSERVATORIAVGG NN, Jupiter standing left holding Victory on globe and scepter, eagle with wreath in beak left, TSB in ex; $65.00 (48.75)
Constantiniana Dafne was likely a castle or camp (castrum) Dafne, constructed by Constantine on the bank of the Danube.
RL56744. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 35, VF, green patina, weight 2.872 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse CONSTANTINIANA DAFNE, Victory seated left on cippus, head right, palm frond in each hand, trophy and captive before, CONSin ex, A left; scarce; $60.00 (45.00)