Sear notes the VI following the letter may be a mark of value indicating six scrupula.
RL76361. , 88 (R4), 16201, 119 (5 fr.), VF, nice green , , some , light cleaning marks, 2.342 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 320 A.D.; , laureate right; D N , , TSΓVI in , no wreath; very ; $200.00 (€176.00)
On 19 Jun 325, the First Council of Nicaea opened in the presence of the emperor, but it is uncertain who presided over the sessions. In the extant lists of bishops present, Ossius of Cordova, and the presbyters Vitus and Vincentius are listed before the other names, but it is more likely that Eustathius of Antioch or Alexander of presided. (see Decrees of the Ecumenical Councils, ed. Norman P. Tanner S.J.)RL90400. , Antioch 52 (R4), I 1334, 16200, 110, VF, detail, , porous, light corrosion, 2.231 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 135o, 3rd , Antioch mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; laureate right, no ; CONSTAN/TINVS / AVG in three lines, wreath above, SMANTΓ over pellet below; ; $180.00 (€158.40)
In 318, Constantine was given the title Brittanicus for victories in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.RL71415. , 164, 16083, 536, Nice VF, attractive green with red earthen highlighting, 3.616 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 315o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 318 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS , laureate, draped, and right; , Sol standing half left, , nude but for cloak over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, P in crescent in ; ; $175.00 (€154.00)
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. It is commonly claimed that the date of 25 December for Christmas was selected in order to correspond with the Roman festival of Dies Natalis Solis , or "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."SH71416. , 35 (R4), 16069, -, VF, nice armored left, sea green , light scratches, 3.142 g, maximum 21.2 mm, 0o, ( , France) mint, 314 - 316 A.D.; IMP , laureate and left; , Sol standing half left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, TF left, right, PLG in ; very ; $175.00 (€154.00)
In 321, assigned convicts to grind Rome's flour in a move to hold back the rising of food in an empire whose population had shrunk as a result of plague.
RL76394. , 185 (R2), 16315, 690, EF, attractive , excellent strike, some , 2.941 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 195o, 1st , Londinium ( , England) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; CONSTA-NTINVS AVG, helmeted and right; , inscribed VOT / XX in two lines, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with hand to in attitude of mourning, the one on the right with bound behind and turned looking back left, in ; from the Scott Collection; $165.00 (€145.20)
This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Members' Gallery.
RL70557. reduced , 41 (R2), 41, -, -, aF, scratches, 1.269 g, maximum 14.7 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, , 9 Sep 337 - May 340 A.D.; P, veiled and draped right; , Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X left, [PCON or ] in (off ); very ; $150.00 (€132.00)
In 326, Constantine reorganized the Roman army into smaller units classified into three grades: palatini, (imperial escort armies); comitatenses, (forces based in frontier provinces) and limitanei (auxilia troops).RL76326. ON RESERVE
, 291, I 292, 16307, -, EF, near perfect centering and strike, light contact marks, areas of slight , 3.643 g, maximum 19.2 mm, 180o, 1st , ( , France) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; , laureate right; , campgate with four turrets, open gates, above, PA crescent RL in ; $150.00 (€132.00)
City of Rome Commemorative, 330 - 333 A.D.
On 11 May 330, refounded , renamed it after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL76974. ON RESERVE
reduced , 129 (R4), I 902, 16517, 17, EF, a few scratches on , 2.461 g, maximum 18.4 mm, 5th , (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 330 - 333 A.D.; , helmeted of left wearing imperial mantle; and suckling from wolf, two stars and three pellets above, SMHE in ; ; $150.00 (€132.00)
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. It is commonly claimed that the date of 25 December for Christmas was selected in order to correspond with the Roman festival of Dies Natalis Solis , or "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."
RL77001. , Trier 105, 16063, 525, EF, , excellent centering and strike, nice green , 3.287 g, maximum 20.25 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS , laureate and right; , Sol standing left, nude but for over left shoulder and arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in extended left, T- F across fields, BTR in ; $150.00 (€132.00)
This coin was struck in 314 AD. Anno Domini (AD) year numbering was developed by a monk named Dionysius Exiguus in Rome in 525. In Roman times, the dominant method of identifying Roman years was to name the two consuls who held office that year. The regnal year of the emperor was also used to identify years. The year 314 AD was known as the Year of the Consulship of Rufius and Annianus. Imagine how difficult it would be to use the Roman system. If someone was born in Kennedy year 2, could you determine how old they are now by adding up the number of years each president served since then? Most Romans did not know their own age.RL71418. , Rome 19, 16096, 536, gVF, attractive , 2.679 g, maximum 20.2 mm, 315o, 1st , Rome mint, 314 A.D.; IMP CONSTANTINVS , laureate, draped and right; , Sol standing slightly left, , nude but for over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, R - F flanking at sides, R*P in ; $145.00 (€127.60)
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