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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>ConstantinianEra>ConstantinetheGreat PAGE 1/212»»»

Constantine the Great, early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Constantine the Great, was the son of Helena and the First Tetrarchic ruler Constantius I. Constantine is most famous for his conversion to Christianity after the battle of the Milvian Bridge where he defeated emperor Maxentius. Before the battle he saw the words "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) emblazoned on the sun around the Chi Rho, the symbol of Christianity. After placing this Christogram on the shields of his army, he defeated his opponent and thus ruled the empire through divine providence. He also shifted the capital of the empire to Constantinople, establishing the foundation for an Empire that would last another 1000 years. He died in 337 and his sons divided the Roman territories.


Click for a larger photo  
RL65285. Silvered follis, RIC VII Nicomedia 28, aVF, corrosion, very unusual legend and portrait, weight 2.997 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; obverse F CL CONSTAN-TINVS NOV CS, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, palm-branch at feet left, B right, SMN in ex; very rare (RIC R4); $450.00 (€337.50)

Click for a larger photo This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references LRBC and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Forum Members' Gallery.
RL70557. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Arles 41 (R2), LRBC 41, Voetter -, Milchev Constantine -, aF, scratches, weight 1.269 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, 9 Sep 337 - May 340 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled and draped bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X left, [PCON or SCON] in exergue (off flan); very rare; $400.00 (€300.00)

Click for a larger photo A very rare commemorative issue struck at Lyon for Constantine after his death. Constantine is most famous for leading the Empire to Christianity. Before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, he saw "In Hoc Signo Victor Eris" (By this sign you shall conquer) on the sun around Chi Rho. With the symbol of Christ on his army's shields he was victorious.
RL66868. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Lyon 2 (R), LRBC 238, Bastien Lyon 3 (only 4 specimens), VF, weight 1.777 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, posthumous, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, staurogram (Greek cruciform monogram for Christ) in upper right field, PLG (off flan) in exergue; very rare; $200.00 (€150.00)

Click for a larger photo Constantine sent Galerius an official notice of his father's death and his own acclamation. Along with the notice, he included a portrait of himself wreathed in bay and wearing in the robes of an Augustus. He requested recognition as heir to his father's throne, claiming the army had "forced it upon him." Galerius was put into a fury by the message; he almost set the portrait on fire. His advisers calmed him. To aviod war, Galerius compromised and granted Constantine the title "Caesar" rather than "Augustus." To make it clear that he alone gave Constantine legitimacy, Galerius personally sent Constantine the emperor's traditional purple robes. Constantine accepted the decision, knowing that it would remove doubts as to his legitimacy.
RB90463. Billon follis, RIC VI Lugdunum 255 (S), Bastien XI 470 (122 specimens), SRCV IV -, EF, excellent portrait, nicely centered, weight 6.517 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Lugdunum mint, c. autumn 307 - summer 308; obverse IMP C CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, clean-shaven; reverse GENIO POP ROM, Genius standing slightly left, modius on head, drapery around waist and over arm, patera in right over flaming alter at feet on left, cornucopia in right, PLC in exergue; scarce; $180.00 (€135.00)

Click for a larger photo This coin refers Constantine's victory in the Sarmatian war in 322 A.D. According to Zosimus (lib. 2), Constantine routed the Sarmatae and drove them back beyond the Danube where they rallied to renew the fight. He defeated them and again put them to flight, taking a great number of prisoners. Their King, Rausimodus was left among the slain.
RL69163. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Sirmium 48, Choice gVF, weight 3.239 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica, Serbia) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse SARMATIA DEVICTA, Victory advancing right, treading on captive, trophy in right, palm in left, SIRM in ex; $150.00 (€112.50)

Click for a larger photo In 318, Constantine the Great given the title Brittanicus Maximus for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL90502. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Trier 162 (R4), Nice EF, perfect centering, legend not fully struck (filled die?), weight 2.926 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 210o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI, Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left, F - T at sides, •ATR in ex; very rare; $125.00 (€93.75)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Very clear Manus Dei, the hand of God, reaching down to take Constantine up to heaven.
RL70561. Bronze AE 4, RIC VIII Antioch 37, VF, nice green patina, small edge chip, weight 0.826 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, posthumous, 9 Sep 337 - April 340 A.D.; obverse DV CONSTANTI-NVS PT AVGG, veiled bust right; reverse Emperor in quadriga right, veiled, the hand of God reaches down to him; star above, SMANB in ex; $120.00 (€90.00)

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RL65366. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Antioch 86, Choice aEF, attractive black patina with highlighting red earthen desert fill, weight 2.670 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANB in ex; $110.00 (€82.50)

Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D., Brockage
Click for a larger photo A brockage occurs when a blank is struck with a previously struck coin which adhered to the opposite die.
Click here to read a detailed explanation.
ER62252. Bronze follis, Brockage, VF, weight 3.351 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, obverse IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse incuse of obverse; $60.00 (€45.00)

Click for a larger photo On 5 July 328, Constantine's Bridge built over the Danube between Sucidava (Corabia, Romania) and Oescus (Gigen, Bulgaria) by the Roman architect Theophilus Patricius was officially opened.
RL70715. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII Siscia 214, Choice gVF, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 328 - 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE AVGG, campgate with two turrets, star above, BSIS and double crescent in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€30.00)



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Obverse legends:

AVGVSTVS
CONSTANTINVSAG
CONSTANTINVSAVG
CONSTANTINVSFILAVGG
CONSTANTINVSMAXAVG
CONSTANTINVSMAXPFAVG
CONSTANTINVSNC
CONSTANTINVSNOBC
CONSTANTINVSNOBCAES
CONSTANTINVSPFAVG
DVCONSTANTINVSPTAVGG
FLVALCONSTANTINVSFILAVG
FLVALCONSTANTINVSNC
FLVALCONSTANTINVSNOBC
FLVALCONSTANTINVSNOBCAES
IMPCONSTANTINVSAVG
IMPCONSTANTINVSPFAVG
IMPCONSTNTINVSMAXAVG



Catalog current as of Friday, October 24, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Constantine the Great