Herakleia, , Italy, 3rd Century B.C.
The sea god , the son of Poseidon and , lived with his parents in a golden palace on the bottom of the sea. Also called Tritons were a group of fish-tailed sea gods or daimones, the Satyrs of the sea. Some, called Ikhthyokentauroi (Sea-Centaurs), had the upper bodies of men and the lower bodies of Hippokampoi (fish-tailed horses).
Glaucus began his life as a mortal fisherman from Anthedon, . He discovered a magical herb which could bring fish back to life, and decided to try eating it. The herb made him immortal, but he grew fins and a fish tail, forcing him to dwell forever in the sea. Glaucus was initially upset by this side-effect, but Oceanus and Tethys received him well and he was quickly accepted among the deities of the sea, learning from them the art of prophecy.GB83465. Bronze AE 13, cf. 144 ff.; 116 ff.; p. 234, 66; 1141; 265; 1437, VF, , nice , green , 2.151 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 180o, Heraklea (in Matera Province, Italy) mint, c. 276 - 250 B.C.; of right, wearing a crested Corinthian helmet; marine deity ( or Glaukos?) right, spear in right hand, in left hand, HPAKΛEIΩN below; very ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
This indicates Severus granted a special favor to . The water may indicate that he improved the water supply, possibly construction of an aqueduct.RS79924. Silver , 130a; 97; p. 208, 280; 38; 6806, VF, nice youth portrait, excellent centering, edge cracks, 3.228 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 201 - 206 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped right, from behind; INDVLGENTIA IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis riding right over water gushing from rock, thunderbolt in right hand, in left hand; $225.00 (€200.25)
Melita (Mdina, Malta), Under Roman Rule, c. 218 - 175 B.C.
Roman rule in Malta was established in the early stages of the Second Punic War. In 218 BC, Roman consul Sempronius Longus sailed with his fleet from to Melite, and the Carthaginian commander Hamiclar surrendered without offering much resistance. The island was subsequently integrated into the Roman province of , and Maleth became known as Melite. The city was regarded as a haven, far from the politics of Rome.GI84543. Bronze AE 28, III p. 351, 2; 2; 458; I 738; 603; -, F, , dark green , marks and corrosion, 12.970 g, maximum 29.1 mm, 0o, Melita (Mdina, Malta) mint, c. 218 - 175 B.C.; veiled female right wearing ; mummy of standing facing, left, holding flail and , between winged figures of and Nephthys, each with wings lowered and crossed in front, each wearing solar disk with horns, each holding frond and uncertain object, Punic letters ANN above; very ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Orthosia, , c. 30 - 28 B.C.
A similar was struck at Orthosia for with her on the . After Antony and were defeated, under the rule of , her was replaced by . RPC lists this dated with years 36, 40 and 41. No date is visible on this coin. The date may simply be worn or perhaps it is an early issue struck with an undated die. The is so close to that of the coins struck under that the die may have been recycled from her last issue with her regnal year erased.SH73047. Bronze AE 20, cf. 175 (also no date visible), 4504 (year 36 = 29 - 28 B.C.), 869 (same), F, corrosion, 8.937 g, maximum 19.7 mm, 0o, , Orthosia mint, rule of , c. 30 - 28 B.C.; turreted of right; of Orthosia in chariot pulled by to griffins to right, crescent above his , OPΘΩCIEΩN in , undated(?); extremely ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Ambrakia, Epeiros, 238 - 168 B.C.
Dione in Greek mythology seems to be the equivalent of Gaia the Earth Mother and is Aphrodite's mother. Her name is really less a name than simply a title: the "Goddess", etymologically a female form of Zeus. After the Iliad, Aphrodite herself was sometimes referred to as "Dionaea" and even "Dione," just "the goddess." Roman "Diana" has a similar etymology but is not otherwise connected with Dione.GB90141. Bronze AE 18, 520 (also with B and P reversed); p. 94, 9; 1769; 23 var. (Dione right), aVF, 6.450 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 135o, Ambrakia (Arta, ) mint, 238 - 168 B.C.; laureate and veiled of Dione left; obelisk of , A-M/B-P (letters B and P reversed) in two divided lines across , all withing laurel ; with left; $95.00 (€84.55)
Kios, , c. 325 - 203 B.C.
According to myth, Kios (Cius) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by Herakles when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. Kios was often subject to greater powers, predominantly the Persian Empire until Alexander the Great invaded and took the city in 334 B.C. After disputes with Alexander's successors, Kios joined the Aetolian League, in opposition to . In 202 B.C., Philip V of and Prusias I of Bythinia destroyed the city and massacred, banished, or enslaved its citizens. Prusias built a new city on the site and named it for himself (Prusias ad Mare). After this atrocity, the Rodians asked the Roman Senate for . The Romans seized this opportunity to invade and defeat Philip V. In 74 B.C., after the death of Nikomides III, the Romans occupied Kios and the whole of Bythinia. Under Rome, the name Kios was revived. An important link in the ancient Silk Road, Kios became a wealthy town.GB71987. Bronze AE 14, 381; 7004; BMC Pontos, p. 131, 20; 7, VF, dark green , porous, 2.880 g, maximum 13.5 mm, 315o, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) mint, c. 325 - 203 B.C.; young beardless male (Mithras?) right, wearing a and laurel ; between two bunches of grapes hanging on vines which emerge from the cup, A above, K-I divided by stem, all within of two stalks of grain; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Ascalon, Philistia
The Philistines conquered Canaanite Ashkelon about 1150 B.C. and it became one of the five Philistine cities that were constantly warring with the Israelites and the Kingdom of Judah. The last of the Philistine cities to hold out against Nebuchadnezzar, it finally fell in 604 B.C.; burned and destroyed, its people exiled, the Philistine era ended. Ashkelon was rebuilt, dominated by Persian culture. After the Alexander's conquest, Ashkelon was an important Hellenistic seaport. The Jews drove the Greeks out of the region during the Maccabean Revolt, which lasted from 167 to 160 B.C. In 63 B.C. the was incorporated into the Roman Republic. VII used Ashkelon as her refuge when her brother and sister exiled her in 49 B.C. The city remained loyal to Rome during the First Jewish Revolt.BB75619. Bronze AE 18, 82; 116; 2213; p. 122, 129; -, F, some corrosion, 7.108 g, maximum 18.2 mm, 0o, Askalon (Ashqelon, Israel) mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; laureate left, CE downward on left; Phanebal standing facing, wearing military dress, raising sword above in right hand, and frond in left hand, ΘΠP (year 189 of the Ascalon Era) downward on left, AC upward on right; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
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