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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheLateEmpire>TheodosiusI PAGE 1/3123

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

Theodosius I, also known as Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. The son of the famed general Count Theodosius, he was made emperor in the east by Gratian after the death of Valens at the disastrous Battle of Hadrianople, at a time when the East was ravaged in every direction by the Goths. He defeated them, but the Goths secured control of Illyricum establishing a homeland south of the Danube within the Empire's borders. Theodosius defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius. He ending Roman slavery and inaugurated a feudal society, a pivotal transformation in European history. He effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church and fostered the destruction of some prominent pagan temple including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, the Serapeum in Alexandria, and the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that the Olympics were held again. After his death, Theodosius' sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the East and West halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united.The Roman Empire 395 AD


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.,
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AS65213. Lead bulla (tag seal), Conical, uniface, with three draped facing busts; commonly attributed to Theodosius I and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, VF, weight 9.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, $100.00 (75.00)

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RL63736. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 47(b), VF, weight 1.067 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 180o, Aquileia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG, two Victories standing facing, each holding wreath and palm, SMAQS in ex; rare; $95.00 (71.25)

Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60501. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.082 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $40.00 (30.00)

Click for a larger photo The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because it symbolized a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution that most early Christians would have personally witnessed. In 315, Constantine abolished crucifixion as punishment in the Roman Empire. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho Christ monogram (Christogram) as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
BB68010. Bronze AE 4, SRCV 4279, cf. RIC X 440 ff. (various mints), F, weight 1.335 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, die axis 270o, uncertain mint, 425 - 435 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse cross in wreath, uncertain mint mark in ex; $40.00 (30.00)

Click for a larger photo In 390, in response to the murder of his general Butheric, Theodosius I ordered a massacre of the inhabitants of Thessaloniki. Appalled by the brutality of this action, Ambrose excommunicated him.
RL52879. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 62(b), LRBC 1865, VF, weight 2.138 g, maximum diameter 11.9 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, Fall 384 - Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REI-PVLICE, campgate with two towers, B (2nd officina) left, TES in exergue; scarce; $36.00 (27.00)

Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60511. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.085 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 0o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy of arms over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $36.00 (27.00)

Click for a larger photo In 383, Theodosius I ceded Dacia and Macedonia to Valentinian II and recognized Magnus Maximus as Augustus.
RL57906. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 23, aVF, weight 4.766 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 383 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, helmeted pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right holding spear and shield; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor standing left on galley, head right, raising right hand, Victory at helm, T left, SMKB in ex; large bronze for the period; $34.00 (25.50)

Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60522. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.869 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy of arms over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $32.00 (24.00)

Click for a larger photo In the spring of 387, Theodosius I increased the taxes in Antioch. The peasants rioted and set fire to public buildings. Theodosius sent imperial troops to quell the disturbance, and closed the public baths and theaters.
BB68767. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(b), VF, attractive red earthen highlighting, weight 0.944 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Antiochia (Antakiyah, Syria) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, ANTB in ex; $28.00 (21.00)

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RL69533. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 46(e) variant, aVF, weight 2.550 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, Roma helmeted, head l., enthroned facing, globe in left, spear in right, left leg bare, Θ - Φ/K, ANTA in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $28.00 (21.00)



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Obverse legends:

DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG



Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 23, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius I