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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheLateEmpire>TheodosiusI
Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

Theodosius I, also known as Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. The son of the famed general Count Theodosius, he was made emperor in the east by Gratian after the death of Valens at the disastrous Battle of Hadrianople, at a time when the East was ravaged in every direction by the Goths. He defeated them, but the Goths secured control of Illyricum establishing a homeland south of the Danube within the Empire's borders. Theodosius defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius. He ending Roman slavery and inaugurated a feudal society, a pivotal transformation in European history. He effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church and fostered the destruction of some prominent pagan temple including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, the Serapeum in Alexandria, and the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that the Olympics were held again. After his death, Theodosius' sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the East and West halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united.The Roman Empire 395 AD


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.,

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AS65213. Lead bulla (tag seal), Conical, uniface, with three draped facing busts; commonly attributed to Theodosius I and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, VF, weight 9.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, $80.00 (€69.60)


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In 383, Theodosius I sent Flavius Stilicho as an envoy to the Persian court of king Shapur III at Ctesiphon to negotiate a peace settlement relating to the partition of Armenia.
RL71426. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 20(c) (R3), LRBC II 2561, Cohen VIII 63, cf. SRCV V 20573 (Aquileia), EF, weight 1.384 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT V in wreath, SMK∆ in exergue; rare; $75.00 (€65.25)


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On 9 August 378, at the Battle of Adrianople, a large Roman army led by Emperor Valens was defeated by the Visigoths. Valens was killed along with two-thirds of his army. Theodosius I became eastern Roman emperor after the death of Valens.
RL69533. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX Antioch 46(e) variant, aVF, weight 2.550 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, Roma helmeted, head l., enthroned facing, globe in left, spear in right hand, left leg bare, Θ - Φ/K, ANTA in exergue; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€34.80)



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OBVERSE LEGENDS

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REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II à Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).

Catalog current as of Thursday, May 28, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius I