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Home>Catalog>RomanCoins>TheLateEmpire>TheodosiusI PAGE 1/212

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

Theodosius I, also known as Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. The son of the famed general Count Theodosius, he was made emperor in the east by Gratian after the death of Valens at the disastrous Battle of Hadrianople, at a time when the East was ravaged in every direction by the Goths. He defeated them, but the Goths secured control of Illyricum establishing a homeland south of the Danube within the Empire's borders. Theodosius defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius. He ending Roman slavery and inaugurated a feudal society, a pivotal transformation in European history. He effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church and fostered the destruction of some prominent pagan temple including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, the Serapeum in Alexandria, and the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that the Olympics were held again. After his death, Theodosius' sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the East and West halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united.The Roman Empire 395 AD


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.,
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AS65213. Lead bulla (tag seal), Conical, uniface, with three draped facing busts; commonly attributed to Theodosius I and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, VF, weight 9.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, $90.00 (67.50)

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RL63736. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 47(b), VF, weight 1.067 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 180o, Aquileia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG, two Victories standing facing, each holding wreath and palm, SMAQS in ex; rare; $85.00 (63.75)

Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60501. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.082 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $40.00 (30.00)

Click for a larger photo In 383, Theodosius I ceded Dacia and Macedonia to Valentinian II and recognized Magnus Maximus as Augustus.
RL57906. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 23, aVF, weight 4.766 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 383 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, helmeted pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right holding spear and shield; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor standing left on galley, head right, raising right hand, Victory at helm, T left, SMKB in ex; large bronze for the period; $34.00 (25.50)

Click for a larger photo On 24 August 358, a little more than 25 years before this coin was struck, Nicomedia was destroyed by a major earthquake followed by a fire. The city was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale.
RL60522. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 45(b)5, VF, weight 1.869 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy of captured arms over shoulder in right, dragging captive with left, cross left, SMNA in ex; very scarce; $32.00 (24.00)

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BB71523. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 27(a), LRBC 1986, aVF, weight 5.016 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 15 May 392 - 17 Jan 395; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM, emperor standing facing, labarum (chi-rho Christogram standard) in right, globe in left, SMHA in exergue; $30.00 (22.50)

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RL69533. Bronze AE 3, RIC IX 46(e) variant, aVF, weight 2.550 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, Roma helmeted, head l., enthroned facing, globe in left, spear in right hand, left leg bare, Θ - Φ/K, ANTA in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $28.00 (21.00)

Click for a larger photo Did you read the description and wonder, what is a staurogram? If so, note the term is in blue text. Click on any blue text in our website catalog to open a page or website where you will find a definition, explanation or related information.
BB59656. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 86b, LRBC 2192, VF, weight 1.387 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 388 - 395 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Victory walking left, trophy in right over shoulder, dragging captive with left, staurogram left, CONSA in ex; nice red desert earthen highlighting on a green patina; $25.00 (18.75)

Click for a larger photo In 390, in response to the murder of his general Butheric, Theodosius I ordered a massacre of the inhabitants of Thessaloniki. Appalled by the brutality of this action, Ambrose excommunicated him.
BB62130. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 62(b), LRBC 1865, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.022 g, maximum diameter 11.1 mm, die axis 150o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, Fall 384 - Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REI-PVLICE, campgate with two towers, ∆ (4th officina) left, TES in exergue; scarce; $23.00 (17.25)

Click for a larger photo In the spring of 387, Theodosius I increased the taxes in Antioch. The peasants rioted and set fire to public buildings. Theodosius sent imperial troops to quell the disturbance, and closed the public baths and theaters.
BB68767. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 67(b), VF, attractive red earthen highlighting, weight 0.944 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 315o, 2nd officina, Antioch mint, 25 Aug 383 - 15 May 392 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLICAE, Victory walking left, dragging captive, cross left, ANTB in ex; $22.54 (16.91)




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Obverse legends:

DNTHEODOSIVSPFAVG



Catalog current as of Monday, September 22, 2014.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius I