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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Late Empire ▸ Theodosius IView Options:  |  |  | 

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.

Theodosius I, also known as Theodosius the Great, was the last emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. The son of the famed general Count Theodosius, he was made emperor in the east by Gratian after the death of Valens at the disastrous Battle of Hadrianople, at a time when the East was ravaged in every direction by the Goths. He defeated them, but the Goths secured control of Illyricum establishing a homeland south of the Danube within the Empire's borders. Theodosius defeated the usurpers Magnus Maximus and Eugenius. He ending Roman slavery and inaugurated a feudal society, a pivotal transformation in European history. He effectively made Nicene Christianity the official state church and fostered the destruction of some prominent pagan temple including the Temple of Apollo in Delphi, the Serapeum in Alexandria, and the Vestal Virgins in Rome. In 393, he banned the Olympics in Ancient Greece. It was not until the end of the 19th century, in 1896, that the Olympics were held again. After his death, Theodosius' sons Arcadius and Honorius inherited the East and West halves respectively, and the Roman Empire was never again re-united.The Roman Empire 395 AD


Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.,

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AS65213. Lead bulla (tag seal), Conical, uniface, with three draped facing busts; commonly attributed to Theodosius I and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, VF, weight 9.335 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, $80.00 (69.60)


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In 383, Theodosius I sent Flavius Stilicho as an envoy to the Persian court of king Shapur III at Ctesiphon to negotiate a peace settlement relating to the partition of Armenia.
RL71426. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 20(c) (R3), LRBC II 2561, Cohen VIII 63, cf. SRCV V 20573 (Aquileia), EF, weight 1.384 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 383 A.D.; obverse D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, Pearl diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT V in wreath, SMK∆ in exergue; rare; $75.00 (65.25)


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On 24 November 380, Theodosius I made his adventus, or formal entry, into Constantinople.
SH26925. Gold solidus, RIC IX Constantinople 43b (R2), Depeyrot 29/2, Cohen VIII -, Choice aEF, weight 4.439 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 0o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 380 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCOR-DIA AVGGG, Constantinopolis, turreted, looking right, seated facing on throne, right foot on prow, holding globe in left and scepter in right, CONOB in exergue; rare; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

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REFERENCES

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l?Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and the Houses of Valentinian and Theodosius and Their Successors, Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, June 30, 2015.
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Roman Coins of Theodosius I