the Younger, , 94 - 95 A.D., Smyrna,
In 94 A.D., because he had no heir, adopted his two young great-nephews. He renamed them and . The next year he executed the boys' father, his cousin, Flavius Clemens, and exiled the boys' mother, his niece, . They were charged with Atheism, a charge sometimes applied to condemn converts to Judaism or Christianity. The boys then disappeared from history and their fate is unknown.
Smyrna was the only city to strike coins in the name of the Younger. No coins were struck for his brother.
Some scholars connect with a Roman Matron in the Talmud (Avodah Zarah 10b) and the Deuteronomy Rabbah 2.25. When the emperor had decreed that in 30 days, the Senate would confirm an edict to kill all Jews and Christians in the Roman Empire, the Roman matron convinced her husband to stand up for the Jews. If that identification is correct, her husband Flavius Clemens converted to Judaism, after having contact with the great sage Rabbi Akiva. is a saint in both the Greek Orthodox and the Roman Catholic .
SH83453. Bronze AE 16, p. 244, 3, pl. 31 (V1/R1); 1028; 1360; 2208; p. 276, 320, gF/F, 2.790 g, maximum 16.3 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, as , 94 - 95 A.D.; OYOCΠACIANOC NEΩTEPOC, right; ZMYPNAIΩN, standing right, in extended right hand, frond over left shoulder in left hand; ex Numismatik, auction 7, lot 200; ; $1170.00 (€1041.30)
Smyrna, , c. 190 - 170 B.C.
Apparently unpublished. The magistrate Pytheos is known at Smyrna but the is not listed for Pytheos in the many references examined. We did find a couple of misdescribed examples online.
A or is an ancient battle glove, sometimes used in . They were worn like today's boxing gloves but were made with leather strips and sometimes filled with iron plates or fitted with blades or spikes, and used as weapons.GB84111. Bronze AE 13, cf. 1927, L, 86; p. 243, 61 ff.; 1166 f.; -; -; - (none by Pytheos), VF, attractive , off center, scratches, weak, edge chip, 1.504 g, maximum 13.2 mm, 0o, Smyrna mint, magistrate Pytheos, c. 190 - 170 B.C.; classical laureate of right, hair bunched in the back, loosely waved locks falling down neck; two in (fighting gloves) downward, the right hand is nearer with back of hand visible, the left hand is farther and clenched with facing, two fronds flanking forming arch above, ΠYΘEOΣ (magistrate name) downward on left, ZMYPNAIΩN downward on right; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Smyrna, , c. 145 - 125 B.C.
Homer is a legendary ancient Greek epic poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. Smyrna was one of several cities that claimed to be the birthplace of the poet and at the source of the Meles River was a cave where the residents claimed he composed his poems. The city had a temple with a square in of Homer, which they called the Homerium. According to Strabo, they also called their bronze coins, this very , Homerium.GB78000. Bronze Homerium, 183a; 1140; , p. 245, 93; 2167; 3175, aF, corrosion, 9.208 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, Smyrna ( , Turkey) mint, c. 145 - 125 B.C.; laureate of right; ΣMYPNAIΩN, Homer seated left in , right hand raised to chin, left holding volume on his knees, uncertain magistrate's name downward on left, Π outer left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $32.00 (€28.48)
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