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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Anatolia ▸ Ionia ▸ EphesusView Options:  |  |  | 

Ephesos, Ionia

Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The cult image of the Ephesian goddess has a mummy-like body with the feet placed close together, is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the ends. At her side stands a stag raising its head to the image of the goddess. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Pergamon and Ephesos

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Medallion celebrating the alliance between Ephesus and Pergamum.
SH90561. Brass medallion, Franke-Nolle 1546; BMC Mysia -; RPC online -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, aF, rough, pitted, varnished, weight 30.353 g, maximum diameter 41.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, strategos P. Aelius Pius, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M AVPH KOMMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, oval countermark (Severan head?); reverse EΠI CTP Π AI ΠIOY KOINON OMONOIA, Asklepios on left, standing slightly right, snake entwined staff in right hand; cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus on left, standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arms extended with supports; ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI EΦECIΩN in exergue; HUGE 41mm medallion!; very rare; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Ephesos, Ionia, c. 280 - 258 B.C.

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Ephesos, on the west coast of Anatolia, was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League. It was famous for its Temple of Artemis, completed around 550 B.C., one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The cult image of the Ephesian goddess has a mummy-like body with the feet placed close together, is many-breasted, and from each of her hands hangs a long fillet with tassels at the ends. At her side stands a stag raising its head to the image of the goddess. The usual symbols of this nature-goddess are the torch, stag, and the bee. Coins of Ephesos most frequently depict a bee on the obverse. The high-priest of the temple of Artemis was called the King Bee, while the virgin priestesses were called honey-bees (Melissae). Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia cited in the Book of Revelation and the Gospel of John may have been written there.
GB76117. Bronze AE 15, cf. BMC Ionia p. 58, 83 ff.; SNG Cop 268 - 269 var. (same), gF, nice green patina, weight 3.346 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ephesos mint, c. 280 - 258 B.C.; obverse bee from above, within laurel wreath, E−Φ flanking head; reverse stag feeding right, quiver above, magistrate's name (obscure) in exergue; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Ephesos, Ionia, Phanes, c. 625 - 600 B.C.

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Known to be among the oldest coins because a hemihekte from the issue was found in the foundation of the temple of Artemis at Ephesos. Seven different denominations are linked by the stag type, a common weight standard, and reverse die links. The stag is a symbol of Artemis and thus of Ephesus. The two larger denominations bear the name Phanes, who was likely a prominent citizen of Ephesus, perhaps a despot, a magistrate, or a wealthy money-lender.
GA59457. Electrum 1/48th stater, SNGvA 778, Zhuyuetang 10, SNG Cop -; Weidauer -, Rosen -, VF, weight 0.211 g, maximum diameter 5.0 mm, obverse head of stag right; reverse irregular pattern within square incuse; probably less than 20 known to exist; very rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, January 19, 2017.
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Ephesus