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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ KronosView Options:  |  |  | 

Kronos

Kronos was the leader and the youngest of the first generation of Titans, divine descendants of Gaia, the earth, and Ouranos, the sky. He overthrew his father and ruled during the mythological Golden Age, until he was overthrown by his own sons, Zeus, Hades, and Poseidon, and imprisoned in Tartarus.


Himera, Sicily, c. 472-413 B.C.

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In 409 B.C., Carthage attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from Syracuse, but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of Syracuse itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.
GA76588. Silver obol, cf. SNG Cop 312; SNG MŁnchen 355; SNG Lloyd 1027; BMC Sicily p. 81, 47; SNG ANS -; Klein -, VF, obverse off-center, reverse legend weak, uneven toning, a little rough, weight 0.586 g, maximum diameter 10.6 mm, Himera (Termini, Sicily, Italy) mint, c. 472-413 B.C.; obverse bearded male (Kronos?) head right, wearing fillet (hair band); reverse HIMEPA (or similar), Corinthian helmet right, no crest, within shallow incuse; rare; $155.00 (Ä137.95)


Himera, Sicily, 472 - 413 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
In 409 B.C., Carthage attacked Himera. The city was unprepared; its fortifications weak. At first they were supported about 4000 auxiliaries from Syracuse, but their general, Diocles, seized with panic for the safety of Syracuse itself, abandoned Himera. The city was utterly destroyed, its buildings, even its temples, were razed to the ground. More than 3000 prisoners were put to death by General Hannibal Mago as a human sacrifice to the memory of his grandfather General Hamilcar who had been defeated at the Battle of Himera in 480 B.C.
GS74049. Silver obol, SNG Cop 312; SNG MŁnchen 355; BMC Sicily p. 81, 46; HGC 2 477 (R1) var. (rev legend); SNG ANS -, aVF, pitting, crystallization, edge chips, weight 0.582 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, die axis 135o, Himera (Termini, Sicily, Italy) mint, 472 - 413 B.C.; obverse bearded male (Kronos?) head right; reverse HIMERA (counterclockwise from below), plain Corinthian helmet right, no crest, within round incuse; rare; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Monday, March 27, 2017.
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Kronos