, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Traianopolis,
Hebros is the Romanized version of the original Thracian Ebros. Today it is the Maritsa river or, in , the Evros. The river enters the Aegean Sea near Enez. The lower course of the Maritsa/Evros forms of the Bulgarian-Greek and most of the Greek-Turkish . The upper Maritsa valley runs east-west in Bulgaria. The unnavigable river is used for power production and irrigation.
The Three , named Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia, were the attendants of (Aphrodite).SH74540. Brass AE 31, 27 (V13/R24), 2739, -, -, F, , cleaning scratches, , 11.934 g, maximum 31.2 mm, 15o, Traianopolis mint, hegemon Statilus Barbarus; AYK Λ CEΠ - CEYHPOC Π, laureate right; HΓ CTATI BAPBAPOY TPAIANOΠO−ΛITΩN, River-god Hebrus reclining left on upturned urn; the Charites (the Three ) behind his legs standing facing; left and middle Charites with heads right, left Charis holding rod(?), middle Charis holding ; big 31 mm bronze!; very ; $630.00 (€560.70)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."CE77589. Silver , 413 (same dies); cf. 122/2 (for ) and 122/3 (for ), aVF, off-center, , marks and scratches, 10.665 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's ; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; ; $550.00 (€489.50)
Kings of , Thracian Kainoi, Mostis, c. 126 - 86 B.C.
Mostis, reigned c. 126 - 86 B.C., was of the Thracian Kainoi (Caeni) tribe in South East to Strandzha mountain, territory in Bulgaria and Turkey today. He is best known from his coinage, which includes bronze coins and tetradrachms.GB77206. Bronze AE 20, Black Sea 311 - 312, 134, -, -, -, VF, green , some light corrosion, 4.750 g, maximum 19.9 mm, c. 126 - 86 B.C.; heads of Zeus and right; : ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ / MOΣTI∆OΣ, standing left on thunderbolt, above right; very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
refounded a Thracian tribal capital, changed its name to Hadrianopolis, developed it, adorned it with monuments, and made it the capital of the Roman province. The city is Edirne, Turkey today. From ancient times, the around Edirne has been the site of no fewer than 16 major battles or sieges. Military historian John Keegan identifies it as "the most contested spot on the globe" and attributes this to its geographical location. Licinius was defeated there by in 323, and was killed by the Goths during the Battle of Adrianople in 378.SH65237. Bronze AE 25, p. 157 & pl. XXII, 244 (V137/R244); , Suppl. II, 658; -, -, -, VF, green , 7.837 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 180o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, IOYΛIA ∆O CEBACTH, draped right; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, galley left with four oarsmen and steersman in stern; very ; $460.00 (€409.40)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long vertical in left, ∆H under arm, below throne; $450.00 (€400.50)
Southern , c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
The earliest imitations of tetradrachms are very similar to the Macedonian originals. It isn't always completely clear if a coin is a imitative or an oddly Macedonian original. Fairly quickly the imitative inscriptions were shortened and then blundered. Over time the of Zeus was increasingly "Celticized" and eventually both the of Zeus and the horseman devolved into barely recognizable abstract forms. This coin is similar to the original but, with a rather exotic of Zeus, could never be confused with the Macedonian prototype. SH66569. Silver , cf. I 6 (Λ vice thunderbolt), 360 (same), 14/5 (thunderbolt but other different), 1215 (same), VF, some corrosion, 14.207 g, maximum 26.8 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. late 4th - early 3rd century B.C.; Celticized laureate of Zeus right, dot ; ΦIΛIΠΠ−OY, naked youth on horse pacing right holding frond, thunderbolt over torch below, below raised foreleg, dot ; derived from the tetradrachms of ; $440.00 (€391.60)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $330.00 (€293.70)
Istros, , Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.
The has been variously interpreted as representing the , the rising and setting sun, and the two branches of the river Danube. - and Their Values by David .GS76336. Silver , Black Sea 230 - 231, -, -, -, -, gVF, areas of light corrosion, some light marks, , 5.561 g, maximum 17.2 mm, 0o, Istros (near Istria, Romania) mint, Late 5th - 4th Century B.C.; Facing male heads, left inverted; IΣTPIH, sea-eagle grasping a with talons, Γ below ; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Pannonian , Syrmia Region, Kugelwange (Ball Cheek) , c. 2nd Century B.C.
This normally has a prominent raised round (ball) cheek, but on this example the cheek is less prominent than most.
Syrmia is a fertile region of the Pannonian Plain in Europe, between the Danube and Sava rivers. Today, it is divided between Serbia in the east and Croatia in the .CE76349. Bronze , cf. 197, 465; derived from the tetradrachms of , VF, , porous, 6.239 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 270o, Syrmia mint, c. 2nd century B.C.; devolved laureate of Zeus right, hair in arcs on both sides of central point, broad laurel ; devolved horse trotting left, pellet in above; $300.00 (€267.00)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Dachreiter" , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Although the horseman on the prototype of Philip III of has been replaced by a wheel, the horseman's leg and foot can be found on the side of the horse!CE76356. Silver , cf. 189, 458, 1110, 612, VF, 2.270 g, maximum 14.1 mm, 45o, tribal mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; horse prancing left, wheel with four spokes above, leg and foot of horseman on side of the horse; $300.00 (€267.00)
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