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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Pontos||View Options:  |  |  |   

Pontos

Pontus is a historical Greek designation for a region on the southern coast of the Black Sea, located in modern-day eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey. The name was derived from the Greek name of the Black Sea, Pontos Euxeinos ("Hospitable Sea"), or simply Pontos. The extent of the region varied through the ages but generally extended from the borders of Colchis (modern Georgia) until well into Paphlagonia in the west, with varying amounts of hinterland. Several states and provinces bearing the name of Pontus or variants thereof were established in the region in the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods, culminating in the late Byzantine Empire of Trebizond. Pontus is sometimes considered as the home of the Amazons, with the name Amazon used not only for a city (Amasya) but for all of Pontus in Greek mythology.

Lucius Verus, 7 March 161 - February 169 A.D., Amasia, Pontos

|Pontos|, |Lucius| |Verus,| |7| |March| |161| |-| |February| |169| |A.D.,| |Amasia,| |Pontos|, |sestertius|
Lucius Verus was the co-emperor of Marcus Aurelius, and married his daughter Lucilla. Although held in high esteem by Marcus, he had a reputation for loose living and few mourned his death in 169 A.D.
RP92636. Orichalcum sestertius, RPC Online IV.3 T5296 (5 spec.), SNGvA 23, Rec Gen 25, Waddington 26, Lindgren I 12, SNG Cop -, BMC Pontus -, F, well centered on tight flan, light corrosion, weight 25.197 g, maximum diameter 33.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 161 - 162 A.D.; obverse AYT KAICA M AYP OYHPOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse A∆P AMAC NΩK k MHT K ΠPΩ ΠON, Ares on left, standing facing, wearing helmet and military dress, spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield; Aphrodite on right, standing half left, head facing, nude, covering her breasts with right hand and genitalia with left hand; ET PΞ∆ (year 164) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00 ON RESERVE


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D., Zela, Pontos

|Pontos|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.,| |Zela,| |Pontos|, |AE| |31|NEW
According to Strabo, Zela had the temple of Anaitis, who was also revered by the Armenians.
SH92637. Bronze AE 31, Dalaison Zela 80 (D18/R64); BMC Pontus p. 41, 3 var. (ΠON); Rec Gen 9 var. (ΠONT), VF, broad flan, light corrosion, weight 14.423 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, die axis 345o, Zela (Zile, Turkey) mint, 205 - 206 A.D.; obverse AY KAI M AYPH ANTWNINOC, laureate head right; reverse ZHΛITWN TOY ΠONTOY, hexastyle temple (of Anaitis), further pediment seen between divided pediment in front, ET PMB (year 142) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Kingdom of Pontus, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Pontus,| |Mithradates| |VI,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.|, |AE| |18|
The star almost certainly depicts one of Mithridates comets. According to Justin's epitome of the Historiae Philippicae of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus (Justin 37.2.1-2): "The future greatness of this man [Mithridates Eupator] had been foretold by heavenly portents. For both in the year in which he was born [134/133 B.C.] and in the year in which he first began to rule [120/119 B.C.], a comet gleamed so brightly for 70 days throughout each period that the whole sky seemed to be on fire. In its extent, each of these comets filled one quarter of the sky and surpassed the sun in brilliance. They took four hours to rise and four hours to set."
GB92048. Bronze AE 18, cf. SNG BM Black Sea 980; SNG Stancomb 645; SNG Cop 230, HGC 7 314 (S), VF, green patina, weight 4.930 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, Amisos(?) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse bashlyk (Persian satrap's leather cap with flat top and ear flaps), bow on left pointed right, monogram(?) on right, facing horned bust of Pan below; reverse comet or star of eight rays, bow on right facing inward; scarce; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Kingdom of Pontus, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C.

|Pontic| |Kingdom|, |Kingdom| |of| |Pontus,| |Mithradates| |VI,| |c.| |120| |-| |63| |B.C.|, |AE| |22|
The star almost certainly depicts one of Mithridates comets. According to Justin's epitome of the Historiae Philippicae of the Augustan historian Pompeius Trogus (Justin 37.2.1-2): "The future greatness of this man [Mithridates Eupator] had been foretold by heavenly portents. For both in the year in which he was born [134/133 B.C.] and in the year in which he first began to rule [120/119 B.C.], a comet gleamed so brightly for 70 days throughout each period that the whole sky seemed to be on fire. In its extent, each of these comets filled one quarter of the sky and surpassed the sun in brilliance. They took four hours to rise and four hours to set."
GB89059. Bronze AE 22, SNG Stancomb 651, SNG BM Black Sea 976, SNG Cop 230, HGC 7 311 (S), F, dark patina, weight 10.131 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, Amisos(?) mint, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse bow case with strap; countermark: helmet right(?) in a c. 5.5mm diameter round punch; reverse comet or star of eight rays, bow right facing inward; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher); scarce; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Amisos, Pontos, 300 - 125 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |300| |-| |125| |B.C.|, |reduced| |siglos|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93482. Silver reduced siglos, SNG Stancomb 663 var. (different monogram), SNG BM 1113 var. (same), SNGvA 50 var. (same), HGC 7 233 (R1), SNG Cop -, VF/F, well centered, light porosity, weight 3.428 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, magistrate At..., 300 - 125 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Hera-Tyche right, wearing low turreted stephanos; reverse owl standing facing on shield, wings open, ATI(?) monogram under left wing; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |22|NEW
Amisos was a rich commercial center under the kings of Pontus, a royal residence and fortress of Mithridates, and was the home of the fabled Amazons.
GB93485. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 1205; SNG Stancomb 698; BMC Pontus, p. 18, 53; Rec Gen p. 65, 24; HGC 7 243, aEF, well centered and struck on a broad flan, attractive style, grainy porous surfaces, weight 8.483 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse cista mystica, on which rests panther skin and thyrsos, monogram upper left field, AMIΣOY below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 85 - 65 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |85| |-| |65| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|NEW
The thyrsos (thyrsus) is the staff carried by Dionysus (Bacchus) and his associates; topped by a pine cone or a bunch of ivy leaves and wreathed with tendrils of vine or ivy. It was a symbol of the immortality of his believers.
GB93484. Bronze AE 16, Rec Gen p. 53, 25; HGC 7 251 (R); SNG Stancomb 691 var. (monogram lower left); BMC Pontus p. 18, 57 var. (diff. monogram); SNG BM 1192 var. (same), Choice VF, well centered, attractive dark green patina with buff earthen highlighting, scattered 9999light porosity, weight 3.613 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, c. 85 - 65 B.C.; obverse head of Dionysos right, wearing ivy wreath; reverse thyrsos, bell attached with fillet, AMI-ΣOY flanking across field, ΩΣ monogram lower right; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |18|
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB89146. Bronze AE 18, SNG BM 1129; SNG Stancomb 655; Lindgren-Kovacs 32; BMC Pontus p, 19, 65; Rec Gen p. 70, 36; HGC 7 249, VF, near black patina, earthen deposits, scattered porosity, weight 3.762 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, struck under Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Perseus right, wing in hair; reverse cornucopia, flanked on each side by a pileus surmounted by a star, AMI−ΣOY divided across field below pilei; $105.00 SALE |PRICE| $95.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |13|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93480. Bronze AE 13, SNG Stancomb 670; HGC 7 255 (R1); Rec Gen p. 52, 23 & pl. VII, 13; SNG Cop 138; SNG Black Sea -; BMC Pontos -, VF, dark patina, light marks, scattered spots of minor corrosion, weight 2.367 g, maximum diameter 13.1 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse tripod lebes, AMI-ΣOY divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Amisos, Pontos, c. 120 - 100 B.C.

|Pontos|, |Amisos,| |Pontos,| |c.| |120| |-| |100| |B.C.|, |AE| |17|NEW
Amisos was settled c. 760 - 750 B.C. by people from Miletus, who established a flourishing trade relationship with the ancient peoples of Anatolia. Amisos came under the rule of the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great's Macedonian Empire, and then the Kingdom of Pontus. The Romans took control in 47 B.C. and Amisos remained within the Byzantine Empire after the fall of Rome. In 1200, the city was captured by the Seljuks, to be later taken over by the Ilhanlilar. Amisos today is Samsun, a city of about half a million people on the north coast of Turkey.
GB93481. Bronze AE 17, SNG BM 1129; SNG Stancomb 655; Lindgren-Kovacs 32; BMC Pontus p, 19, 65; Rec Gen p. 70, 36; HGC 7 249, VF, attractive style, well centered, porosity, light corrosion, weight 4.182 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Amisos (Samsun, Turkey) mint, rule of Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 100 B.C.; obverse draped bust of Perseus right, wing in hair; reverse cornucopia, flanked on each side by a pileus surmounted by a star, AMI−ΣOY divided across field below pilei; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00




  



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REFERENCES|

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