, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
Lokri Opuntii, Lokris, , 360 - 340 B.C.
(the Lesser) was a Greek mythological hero, son of Oileus, the of . He was the leader of the Lokrian contingent during the Trojan War. He was called the "lesser" or "Locrian" , to distinguish him from the Great, son of Telamon. He is a significant figure in Homer's Iliad and is also mentioned in the Odyssey and Virgil's Aeneid.
SH84346. Silver , 58, 491, 992 var. (no ), -, -, -, aVF/F, classical , high relief die, , light marks, light , 11.715 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 180o, Lokri Opuntii mint, 360 - 340 B.C.; of Demeter left, wreathed in grain, wearing drop earring; OΠONTIΩ−N, son of Oileus, advancing right in fighting attitude, wearing Corinthian helmet, nude, short sword in right, broken spear on ground in background, palmette above right (control ) inside , eight-rayed (control symbol) lower right; ex Numismatics; $1050.00 (€934.50)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This coin declares as for the second time, consul for the third time, and . The of refers to the grain producing wealth delivered to Rome by his in . The D (and on similar coins an M) indicates this was struck to be distributed as a donativum (largess) or munus (gift) to his legions. Some may have been distributed at Caesar's quadruple triumph celebrated in 46 B.C., when celebrations included public banquets, plays and gladiatorial games, lasting forty days. Vercingetorix was paraded and executed. Also in 46 B.C., made his nephew his heir. Queen VII of , Caesar's mistress, and Caesarion, his bastard son by her, moved into one of his residences on the . They would remain in Rome as Caesar's guests until his assassination on 15 March 44 B.C.
SH84609. Silver , 467/1a, 1637, 1023, 4a; 57, 21, 1403, gVF, dark , some marks and scratches, slightly off center, 3.283 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, African, (?) mint, 46 B.C.; - COS (counterclockwise from lower right, for the 2nd time, consul for the third time), of right, wreathed with grain; implements of the augurate and pontificate: (ladle), ( ), capis (jug), and (wand), ( ) above, below D (donativum = largess) to right, ( ) below; from the James Collection, purchased in 2004 from Numismatica (9A Via Barberini, Rome); $670.00 (€596.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and accepted his claims. He married Thea, daughter of Ptolemy of . With his father-in-law's , he defeated Demetrius and became the Seleukid . After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius . Balas was defeated and fled to where he was murdered.GS84619. Silver , II 1781.3a, 118, 875a, EF, excellent Hellenistic , lightly , slightly off center, some die wear, light marks, light deposits on , 16.950 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 45o, Antioch on the (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 152 - 146 B.C.; diademed right, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY, Zeus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, offering him in his right hand, in his left hand, (control symbol) outer left, ΓΞP ( year 163) and (control symbol) in ; ex CNG e-auction 386 (9 Nov 2016), lot 328; $600.00 (€534.00)
Eastern , Imitative of of , "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The "Eingesetztem Pferdefuß" literally translates "with inserted cloven hoof."CE77589. Silver , 413 (same dies); cf. 122/2 (for ) and 122/3 (for ), aVF, off-center, , marks and scratches, 10.665 g, maximum 25.7 mm, 0o, tribal mint, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.; laureate and bearded of Zeus right; helmeted horseman riding left; cloven hoof above the horse's ; on left: round floral design with pellet in oval in center with many small pellet petals around; below: wheel with five spokes and five pellets between the spokes; ; $550.00 (€489.50)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, -, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
, , 338 - 317 B.C.
Located on a plateau overlooking Sicily's southern coast, was founded c. 582 B.C. by from Gela. It grew rapidly, becoming second only to in importance on but was sacked by in 406 B.C. and never fully recovered. It was renamed after it fell to Rome in 210 B.C.GI76352. Bronze AE 18, I p. 206, 116 R1 2; 1113; 164; 95 var.; -, gVF, , nice green , , 6.283 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 270o, (Agrigento, , Italy) mint, 338 - 317 B.C.; AKPA−ΓA, laureate of Zeus left; standing left, wings open, tearing at hare left in talons, ∆ below wings; $500.00 (€445.00)
, , Timoleon, 344 - 336 B.C.
Threatened by and dominated by Hiketas, the tyrant of Leontini, Syracusans sent an appeal for to their mother city, Corinth. By a unanimous vote Corinth selected Timoleon to set sail for with a few leading citizens of Corinth and a small troop of Greek mercenaries. After defeating Hiketas, Timoleon put order to Syracuse' affairs and established a democratic government. He repelled in several wars, ending with a treaty which divided the island. Timoleon then retired without any title or office, though he remained practically supreme. He became blind before his death, but when important issues were under discussion he was carried to the assembly to give his opinion, which was usually accepted. When he died the citizens of erected a monument to his memory, afterward surrounded with porticoes, and a gymnasium called Timoleonteum.GI83514. Bronze , II p. 168, 72 st3/7; 477 ff.; 727; 1440 (S), VF, green , edges earthen encrusted, double struck, 15.872 g, maximum 24.4 mm, 90o, mint, c. 342 - 338 B.C.; ZEYΣ EΛEYΘEPTOΣ, laureate of Zeus Eleutherios right; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, thunderbolt, on right standing right with wings closed; $500.00 (€445.00)
Lipara, Islands off , c. 412 - 408 B.C.
This very should not be confused with the later, lighter, issue with the pellets arranged in two rows of three.SH73170. Bronze hemilitron, I p. 14, 16; p. 259, 33; -; -; -, VF, green , , light corrosion, 12.076 g, maximum 24.9 mm, 0o, Lipara mint, c. 412 - 408 B.C.; young Hephaistos seated right on draped chair, nude, hammer in right hand, in left; ΛIΠAPAIΩN, around a of six pellets; very ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waived and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
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