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Coins of Hungary
The Kingdom of Hungary emerged in 1000 when the Principality of Hungary, founded in 896, was recognized as a Kingdom. The form of government was changed from Monarchy to Republic briefly in 1918 and again in 1946, ending the Kingdom and creating the Republic of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of present-day Hungary, Transylvania (in present-day Romania), Slovakia, Carpatho Ruthenia (in present-day Ukraine), Vojvodina (in present-day Serbia), Burgenland (in present-day Austria), Slavonia, Dalmatia (present day Croatia), and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders. Attila was regarded as an ancestral ruler of the Hungarians, however, this claim is rejected by most scholars today. The first kings of the Kingdom were from the Árpád dynasty and the first Christian King was Stephen I of Hungary who was canonized as a Catholic saint.