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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ HungaryView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Hungary

The Kingdom of Hungary emerged in 1000 when the Principality of Hungary, founded in 896, was recognized as a Kingdom. The form of government was changed from Monarchy to Republic briefly in 1918 and again in 1946, ending the Kingdom and creating the Republic of Hungary. The Kingdom of Hungary consisted of present-day Hungary, Transylvania (in present-day Romania), Slovakia, Carpatho Ruthenia (in present-day Ukraine), Vojvodina (in present-day Serbia), Burgenland (in present-day Austria), Slavonia, Dalmatia (present day Croatia), and other smaller territories surrounding present-day Hungary's borders. Attila was regarded as an ancestral ruler of the Hungarians, however, this claim is rejected by most scholars today. The first kings of the Kingdom were from the Árpád dynasty and the first Christian King was Stephen I of Hungary who was canonized as a Catholic saint.


Transylvania, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Empress Maria Theresa, 1740 - 1780

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SH53630. Gold ducat, Friedberg 543, KM 610, aEF, weight 3.465 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, Karlsburg mint, 1764; obverse M • THERESIA• D : G • RO• I• GE• HU• BO• R• E•, draped bust right; reverse TRAN• CO• TV• 1764• AR• AU• DUX• BU• ME• P, crowned arms on breast of crown double-headed eagle; SOLD


Kingdom of Hungary, 14th Century

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Under the common King of Hungary and Croatia, Croatia had a degree of independence and the ban (a title similar to viceroy) was entitled to mint coinage. The Croatian banovac, with an inscription ending SCLAVONIA, was struck in large quantities from 1235 to 1384 and grew to overshadow the main Hungarian issues. This very rare "Hungarian banovac" with an inscription ending VNGARIA was part of an attempt to revitalize the main currency of the Kingdom.
ME50464. Silver banovac (baski denar), VF/F, weight 0.579 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, obverse + MOnETA REGIS P VnGARIA, marten left, six pointed stars above and below; reverse patriarchal cross, star - crescent flanking in upper fields, confronted crowned heads flanking in lower fields; very rare; SOLD


Holy Roman Empire, Frederick II, 1215 - 1250

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Cheb (German: Eger), is a city in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic, with about 33,000 inhabitants. It is situated on the river Ohře (also called Eger in German), at the foot of one of the spurs of the Smrčiny and near the border with Germany. Prior to 1945, which saw the expulsion of the German speaking population, the town was the center of the German-speaking region known as Egerland, and was part of the Northern Austro-Bavarian dialect area.
SH59140. Silver pfennig, Haskova 43, Buchenau 3239, Bonhoff 2034, VF, weight 0.687 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 270o, Cheb mint, obverse crowned bust facing, lis topped scepter in each hand, annulets in fields; reverse two confronted crowned lions, heads turned facing, facing eagle with open wings and head right below; ex Numismatik Lanz auction 136 (2007), lot 6; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Buchenau, H. "Die Münzen der Propstei Wildeshausen" in ZfN 15 (1887), p. 262-280.
Friedberg, A. & I. Friedberg. Gold Coins of the World, From Ancient Times to the Present, 8th ed. (Clifton, NJ, 2009).
Haskova, J. Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století. (Cheb, 1972).
Huszár, L. Münzcatalog Ungarn. (Munich, 1979).
Unger, E. Magyar éremhatározó. (Budapest, 1997).

Catalog current as of Friday, December 15, 2017.
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Hungarian Coins