, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
reduced , 28 (R4), 17128, -, -, aVF, corrosion, very unusual and portrait, 2.997 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 315o, 2nd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 317 - 320 A.D.; F CL CONSTAN-TINVS NOV CS, laureate, draped, and left; (to the protector of the two Emperors), standing left, on globe in right hand, long vertical behind in left, palm-branch at feet left, B right, SMN in ; very ;
, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great
is depicted as , the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, and , her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."RL74497. , p. 621, 131 (R4); I 1102; 16575; 17, VF, excellent centering, dark green , marks, light corrosion, 2.800 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, 1st , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped right hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; , standing facing, looking left, holding infants and , MNA in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
was the Roman of . made it the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire in 286 when he introduced the system. remained as the eastern (and most ) capital of the Roman Empire until co-emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine the Great at the Battle of Chrysopolis in 324. Constantine resided mainly in as his interim capital for the next six years, until in 330 when he declared the nearby (renamed Constantinople) the new capital. Constantine died in his royal villa in the vicinity of in 337. Due to its position at the convergence of the Asiatic roads leading to the new capital, retained its importance even after the foundation of Constantinople.RL74562. heavy maiorina, 84, II 2300, 25, 18159, 46, aEF, porous, slightly soft, small edge crack, 6.714 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 0o, 4th , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 351 - 352 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left spearing fallen horseman, Γ left, SMN∆ in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
The "CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG" was later also used by Constantine the Great's son, .
RL79433. reduced , 341 (also 2nd ), I 1117, 188 (S), 16356, 254, EF, and struck, some luster, spots of light corrosion, 2.547 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and right; (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward , two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded , SMNB in ; $70.00 (€62.30)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Beginning in 330 A.D., pagan temples were progressively abandoned, destroyed or left to fall into disrepair, except for those that were transformed into Christian churches.
RL79432. reduced , I 1117, 188, 16356, 254, 341 ff. var. (3rd not listed), EF, full centering, nice portrait, a few small spots of corrosion, 2.123 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 0o, 3rd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and right; (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward , two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded , SMNΓ in ; $65.00 (€57.85)
, , 28 September351 - Winter 354 A.D.
On 7 May 351, after arrived at Antiocha, a Jewish revolt broke out in . In 352, Gallus sent his general (magister equitum) Ursicinus to put down the revolt. The rebels destroyed Diopolis and Tiberias. Diocesarea was razed to the ground. Ursicinus gave the order to kill thousands of Jews, even children. After the revolt, a permanent garrison was stationed in Galilee.BB83763. reduced maiorina, 91, II 1901, 19017, 16, -, F, green , , 2.310 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, 5th , (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 353 - 6 Nov 355; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), helmeted soldier standing left, on left arm, spearing fallen horseman, on the ground right, horseman is turned toward the soldier and extends his left arm, SMHE in ; $30.00 (€26.70)
, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
Valentinian himself seems to have exercised no real authority, and was a figurehead for various powerful interests: his mother, his co-emperors, and powerful generals. Since the Crisis of the Third Century, the empire had been ruled by powerful generals, a situation formalized by and his collegiate system. While Constantine and his sons had been strong military figures, they had also re-established the practice of hereditary succession, adopted by . The obvious flaw in these two competing requirements came in the reign of , a child. His reign was a harbinger of the fifth century, when children or nonentities, reigning as emperors, were controlled by powerful generals and officials.RL69397. Bronze , 30(b)3, II 2359, 20299, 9, F, nice near black with copper high points, cutting off parts of legends, , 2.564 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 9 Aug 378 - 25 Aug 383 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; • (harmony among the three emperors), enthroned facing, globe in right hand, spear in left hand, A right, SMNE in ; $22.00 (€19.58)
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