Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
This type advertised Hadrian's forgiveness of debts early in his reign. He canceled the arrears of taxes due by individuals from Rome, Italy, and the provinces, for a total of 900 million sestertii and over a period of 16 years. The ceremony took place on the forum where a monument was erected to commemorate the event.
SH63712. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 592a, Cohen 1212, BMCRE III p. 417, 1208 var (drapery on far shoulder), F, weight 22.143 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 119 - 121 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIANVS HADRIANVS AVG P M TR PCOS III, laureate bust right; reverse RELIQVA VETERA HS. NOVIES MILL. ABOLITA. S. C, Lictor standing left, fasces in left hand, lighting a heap of bonds with a torch in his right, before him, three citizens; very rare; $450.00 (337.50)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
In 224, King Ardashir I defeated Artabanus IV at Hormizdegan (modern Shushtar), destroying the Parthian Empire and establishing the Sassanid dynasty. Artabanus's brother Vologases VI continued to rule with Armenian and Kushan support over outlying parts of Parthia.
SH56934. Orichalcumsestertius, BMCRE VI 204 var (S - C outer fields and lower); RIC IV 587 var (anvil not mentioned); Cohen -, cf. 179 (MONETA AVG), aVF, nice green patina, weight 19.148 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 224 A.D.; obverseIMP CAESM AVR SEV ALEXANDER AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseMONETA AVGVSTI, S - C, Moneta standing half left, scales in right held over die anvil at feet on left, cornucopia in left; rare; $225.00 (168.75)
Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.
Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshipped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Julia Domna, was from Emesa. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa.
RS65354. Silver denarius, RSC III 279a, RIC IV 398, BMCRE V 373, SRCV II 6305 var (LIBERA AVG), gVF, porous, weight 3.554 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverseLIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, polos on head, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; scarce; $140.00 (105.00)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
This type has the earliest depiction of the Three Monetae on coinage.
RB63622. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 500, Fair, weight 19.208 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverseP M TR P XII IMP VIIICOS V P P/ MON AVG/ S C, Three Monetae standing left, each holding scale in right and cornucopia in left; $100.00 (75.00)
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.
Domitian's CENSORIA POTESTAT issues were struck in April 85 A.D., followed for a very short transitional period by the CENS POTES issues, then the CENS POT issues, and finally the CENS P issues towards the end of the year.
RP67110. Copper as, RIC II 384, Cohen 303 var (AVGVST), cf. SRCV I 2806 (COS XV), BMCRE II * (Cohen 303 noted), F, weight 9.138 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Apr - Nov 85 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XI CENS POT P P, laureate bust right with aegis; reverseMONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right cornucopia in left, S - C across field; rare; $100.00 (75.00)
Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.
Julia Domna, was from Emesa. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa.
RS49580. Silver denarius, RIC IV 627 var (reverselegend), SRCV II 6591 var (same), F, weight 2.695 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Emesa mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverseLIBER AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; very rare; $95.00 (71.25)
Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.
In 222, Severus Alexander became emperor when he was only 13 years old. His mother, Julia Mamaea, governed the Roman Empire with the help of Domitius Ulpianus and a council composed of 16 senators.
RS56379. Silver denarius, RIC IV 281, RSC III 108, gVF, weight 3.188 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 222 - 228 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR SEV ALEXAND AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseLIBERALITAS AVG, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $90.00 (67.50)
Claudius, 25 January 41 - 13 October 54 A.D.
PNR probably stands for Pondus Nummi Restitutum (or something similar), indicating that the obverse commemorates a weight improvement for some coin denominations.
RB65630. Copper quadrans, RIC I 91, Cohen 73, BMCRE I 181, VF, weight 2.693 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 5 Jan 42 - 31 Dec 42; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG, hand holding scales above letters PNR; reverse PON M TR P IMP P P COS II, legend around large S C; scarce; $90.00 (67.50)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS41831. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8937, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87, aEF, weight 2.953 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseLIBERALITASAVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; well struck with excellent reverse detail, areas of corrosion; $85.00 (63.75) ON RESERVE
Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
In 212, Caracalla issued his Constitutio Antoniniana, which extended Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Roman Empire (with some exceptions).
RS57053. Silver denarius, RIC IV 224, RSC III 165, aVF, weak reverse, weight 3.521 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 210 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverseMONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right, cornucopia in left; $85.00 (63.75)