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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Money||View Options:  |  |  | 

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Julia| |Domna|, |Julia| |Domna,| |Augusta| |194| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
RS92345. Silver denarius, RIC IV S627 (S); RSC III 103; BMCRE V p. 104, 418; SRCV II 6591, F, off center, minor encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse LIBERAL ē AVG, Liberalitas standing slightly left, polos or kalathos on head, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; only one sale in the last two decades recorded on Coin Archives (an ex Forum coin!); rare; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

|Geta|, |Geta,| |209| |-| |c.| |26| |December| |211| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Between 209 and their father's death in February 211, both brothers were shown as equally mature young men with a short full beard. Both sons were presented as equally suitable heirs to the throne, showing thus more "depth" to the dynasty. Between the death of Septimius Severus and the assassination of Geta, Caracalla's portraits did not change, while Geta was depicted with a long beard with hanging hairs much like his father, a strong indication of Geta's efforts to be seen as the "true" successor of his father.
RS86671. Silver denarius, RIC IV 88, RSC III 68, BMCRE V 65, SRCV II -, Choice EF, nearly as struck except for light toning, fantastic portrait, luster in recesses, perfect centering on a broad flan, some legend just a little weak, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.250 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 210 - 212 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG V (the 5th liberality [distribution of gifts to the people] by the Emperor), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

|Caracalla|, |Caracalla,| |28| |January| |198| |-| |8| |April| |217| |A.D.|, |denarius|
Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RS91584. Silver denarius, RIC IV 224; RSC III 165; BMCRE V p. 372, 90; Hunter III 15; SRCV II 6821, Choice EF, light tone on mint luster, excellent portrait, well centered, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, Rome mint, 210 - 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.|, |denarius|
This type commemorates Commodus' accession largesse for the beginning of his sole reign. Liberality holds in her right hand a counting board on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins, this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In her left hand Liberalitas holds a cornucopia to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS94128. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 70, RSC II 311, Hunter II 11, RIC III 36, SRCV II 5655, VF, nice portrait, well centered, flow lines, light scratches, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 2.927 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 181 - Dec 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, with slight beard, seen from behind; reverse LIB AVG V TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Liberalitas standing slightly left, holding up coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

|Commodus|, |Commodus,| |March| |or| |April| |177| |-| |31| |December| |192| |A.D.|, |denarius|
This type commemorates Commodus' accession largesse for the beginning of his sole reign. Liberality holds in her right hand a counting board on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins, this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In her left hand Liberalitas holds a cornucopia to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS94103. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 70, RSC II 311, RIC III 36, Hunter II 3 var. (laureate head), aVF, nice portrait, well centered on a tight flan, flow lines, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 181 - 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIB AVG TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Liberalitas standing slightly left, holding up coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 82 (6 Oct 2019), part of lot 1070; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |follis|
Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RB93178. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 29b, Cohen VI 504, cf. SRCV IV 13296 (rev. field V), Hunter V 60 (same), Choice gVF, well centered, flow lines, bumps, weight 10.111 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, c. 300 A.D.; obverse IMP MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SACRA MONET AVGG ET CAESS NOSTR (the sacred money of our two emperors and two princes), Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, AQP in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, February 26, 2020.
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