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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ MoneyView Options:  |  |  |   

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D..

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Overstruck over a denarius of Severus Alexander, which suggests that the new coin was worth at least as much of the old one. Otherwise, it would have made more sense to melt the denarius.
RA73221. Silver antoninianus, cf. RIC V 287 (S), Webb Carausius 336, SRCV IV 13629, VF, toned, weight 2.664 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, mintmark obscured by over-strike effects; undertype bust (Severus Alexander?) visible; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex Forum (2010); scarce; $160.00 (142.40)


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS72573. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87, Hunter III 21, SRCV III 8937, VF, well centered, rose gold toning, weight 4.364 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $125.00 (111.25)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 93 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a praetor. On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under Trajan. He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which still survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian Tacitus. His letters to Trajan provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.
RB73715. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 756; BMCRE II 469; BnF III 500; Cohen I 333; Hunter I -; cf. SRCV 2807 (COS XV), VF, centered, green patina, light scratches and corrosion, weight 10.417 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 92 - 94 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $120.00 (106.80)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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So successful was he in the task of restoring peace and security to the provinces under his direct control that the coins issued by Postumus were of better workmanship and higher precious metal content than coins issued by Gallienus; his control of the Spanish and British mining regions was presumably crucial in this regard, as was his employment of master minters who would have come into Gaul with Gallienus.
RA76754. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199a, Cunetio 2413 (968 spec.), RIC V 75, Schulzki AGK 45, Mairat 65, Elmer 336, Hunter IV 60, VF, well centered and struck, nice portrait, weight 3.694 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 263 - 265 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; ex Harlan J. Berk; $90.00 (80.10)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RA77906. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199a, Cunetio 2413 (968 spec.), RIC V 75, Schulzki AGK 45, Mairat 65, Elmer 336, Hunter IV 60, SRCV III 10962, Choice gVF, toned, nice portrait, slightly ragged flan, weight 3.666 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 263 - 265 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby; $85.00 (75.65)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS73368. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, SRCV II 6306, VF, superb portrait, excellent centering and strike, flan cracks as expected for this issue, small flaw on reverse at 12:30, weight 2.786 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 209 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $80.00 (71.20)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them, in money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. This coin advertises that Elagabalus has made his third distribution to the people. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia
RS74122. Silver denarius, RIC IV 103; RSC III 86; Hunter III 60; SRCV II 7522; BMCRE V p. 563, 216 var. (star right), VF, well centered on a tight flan, coppery spots, reverse legend weak, weight 3.032 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 221 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG III, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star lower left; $80.00 (71.20)


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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In 194, Septimius Severus marched with his army of 12 legions to Cilicia and defeated Pescennius Niger, governor of Syria, at the Battle of Issus. Pescennius retreated to Antioch where he was executed by Severus' troops.
RS77483. Silver denarius, RIC IV S610, RSC III 144, BMCRE V S329, F, dark toning, scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.407 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $70.00 (62.30)


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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This type has the earliest depiction of the Three Monetae on coinage.
RB63622. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 500, Fair, weight 19.208 g, maximum diameter 30.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT P FELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverse P M TR P XII IMP VIII COS V P P/ MON AVG/ S C, Three Monetae standing left, each holding scale in right and cornucopia in left; $55.00 (48.95)


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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In 165, the Parthians sued for peace after the Romans captured Artaxata, Seleucia on the Tigris, and Ctesiphon. Unfortunately the returning army brought with them a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague. The plague significantly depopulated the entire Roman Empire.
RB76490. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 1147, BMCRE IV 1506, Hunter II 216, Cohen III 419, SRCV II 4989, aF, well centered, nice portrait, small deposits, weight 24.438 g, maximum diameter 30.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 174 - autumn 175 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG GERM TR P XXIX, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI IMP VII COS III, Liberalitas standing left, raising counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $50.00 (44.50)




  



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Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 06, 2016.
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