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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ MoneyView Options:  |  |  |   

Money (Moneta)

Coins about...money! One of our favorite collecting themes. Roman propaganda often recorded largesses (represented by Liberalitas) on coins. She is usually depicted holding what was traditionally described as an abacus, a counting board. The object is also described as a tessera, type of banner, showing a number of painted marks equal to the number of aurei or denarii offered. Curtis Clay suggested it is actually a money shovel, a wooden shovel with shallow round depressions which could extract the exact number of coins needed from a chest. Another popular type is that of Moneta holding scales. One quite interesting coin is the Republic denarius of T.Carisius depicting mint tools: an anvil, tongs, a hammer and a die.


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D..

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Overstruck over a denarius of Severus Alexander, which suggests that the new coin was worth at least as much of the old one. Otherwise, it would have made more sense to melt the denarius.
RA73221. Silver antoninianus, cf. RIC V 287 (S), Webb Carausius 336, SRCV IV 13629, VF, toned, weight 2.664 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 225o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, mintmark obscured by over-strike effects; undertype bust (Severus Alexander?) visible; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection, ex Forum (2010); scarce; $160.00 (142.40)


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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The curule chair was for senior magistrates including dictators, masters of the horse, consuls, praetors, censors, and the curule aediles. As a form of throne, it might be given as an honor to foreign kings recognized formally as friend (amicus) by the Roman people or senate. Designed for use by commanders in the field, the curule chair could be folded for easy transport. It had no back, low arms, curved legs forming an X, and was traditionally made of or veneered with ivory.
RS76196. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 230, RSC IV 17, Hunter III 23, SRCV III 9265, Choice VF/F, excellent centering, nice portrait, small flan cracks, reverse die wear, weight 4.069 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 247 A.D.; obverse IMP PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG III, Philip I (holding short scepter) and Philip II seated left on curule chairs; $140.00 (124.60)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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In 254 A.D. the Roman Empire was threatened by the Alemanni, Franks and Marcomanni in Germania, by the Goths in the Danube region (Moesia and Thrace) and Asia Minor, and by the Persians in the East.
RA77282. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 69c, Hunter IV 29, SRCV III 9948, RIC V 104 (S) var. (no cuirass), RSC IV 119 var. (same), Choice VF, full circles strike, excellent portrait, toned, weight 4.132 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, Rome mint, 2nd emission, 255 - 256 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG III, Liberalitas standing facing, head left, coin counting board with five holes in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; scarce; $138.00 (122.82) ON RESERVE


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS72573. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87, Hunter III 21, SRCV III 8937, VF, well centered, rose gold toning, weight 4.364 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $125.00 (111.25)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 93 A.D., Pliny the Younger was named a praetor. On 24 August 79, he along with his uncle, Pliny the Elder, witnessed the eruption of Vesuvius, during which his uncle died. Pliny rose through the cursus honorum, a series of Imperial civil and military offices, and was an imperial magistrate under Trajan. He wrote hundreds of letters, many of which still survive, that are of great historical value for the time period. Some are addressed to reigning emperors or to notables such as the historian Tacitus. His letters to Trajan provide one of the few surviving records of the relationship between the imperial office and provincial governors.
RB73715. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 756; BMCRE II 469; BnF III 500; Cohen I 333; Hunter I -; cf. SRCV 2807 (COS XV), VF, centered, green patina, light scratches and corrosion, weight 10.417 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 92 - 94 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM COS XVI CENS PER P P, laureate head right; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C flanking across field; $120.00 (106.80)


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS68507. Silver denarius, RIC IV 100, RSC III 81a, BMCRE V 214, SRCV 7521 var. (cornucopia on base), VF+, centered, toned, weight 2.973 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren with Antioch Associates tag; $105.00 (93.45)


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake none but just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RB73730. Copper as, RIC II, part 1, 303; BMCRE II 314; BnF III 337; Hunter I 112; Cohen I 325 var. (AVGVST); cf. SRCV I 2806 (COS XV), aVF, dark sea green patina, light marks and scratches, porosity, areas of corrosion, weight 9.898 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 85 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMITIAN AVG GERM COS XI, laureate bust right with aegis; reverse MONETA AVGVSTI, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C across field below center; $95.00 (84.55)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RA76754. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199a, Cunetio 2413 (968 spec.), RIC V 75, Schulzki AGK 45, Mairat 65, Elmer 336, Hunter IV 60, VF, well centered and struck, nice portrait, weight 3.694 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 45o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 263 - 265 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; ex Harlan J. Berk; $90.00 (80.10)


Gallic Empire, Postumus, Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.

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Moneta was a surname given to Juno because she was said to have promised the Romans that if they fought only just wars, they would never be in want of money.
RA77906. Billon antoninianus, RSC IV 199a, Cunetio 2413 (968 spec.), RIC V 75, Schulzki AGK 45, Mairat 65, Elmer 336, Hunter IV 60, SRCV III 10962, Choice gVF, toned, nice portrait, slightly ragged flan, weight 3.666 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 263 - 265 A.D.; obverse IMP C POSTVMVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse MONETA AVG, Moneta standing left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby; $85.00 (75.65)


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS73368. Silver denarius, RIC IV 278a, RSC III 298, BMCRE V 349, SRCV II 6306, VF, superb portrait, excellent centering and strike, flan cracks as expected for this issue, small flaw on reverse at 12:30, weight 2.786 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 209 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS PIVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse LIBERALITAS AVG VI, Liberalitas standing left, counting board in right, cornucopia in left; $80.00 (71.20)




  



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Catalog current as of Wednesday, June 29, 2016.
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