, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., ,
Nomos described this coin as, "An extraordinary piece, especially with remains of its original silver plating. Some marks from cleaning, otherwise, about ."SH85458. , okatassarion or ; 784; 1721 (R8); I, p. 419, 358 (R6); 5428 (all same dies), aEF, cleaning marks, areas of light corrosion, 38.718 g, maximum 40.8 mm, 15o, mint, 218 - 222 A.D.; AYT K M AYPΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB, laureate, draped, and three-quarter length of left; MHTPOΠOΛEΩC ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛEΩC NEΩ KOPOY, youthful Herakles standing left, nude but for lion's skin draped around his left forearm, resting his right hand on the of a club set on the ground and holding an in his left hand; ex Nomos AG, auction 10 (18 May 2015), lot 115 (realized approximately $4686 including buyers fee); extremely ; $3820.00 (€3399.80)
, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1750.00 (€1557.50)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, 323 - 315 B.C., Types of
coin types remained prominent in the northern regions of the long after his death. This coin was struck at under Antipater or after Alexander's death when the kingdom was nominally ruled by Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother Philip III Arrhidaeus, son of and Philinna, and Alexander IV, the great conqueror's young son. The two were made joint kings by Alexander's generals who only used them as pawns. Philip III was imprisoned upon his return to , and in 317 B.C. he was executed under orders from . Alexander IV and his mother Roxana were executed by the boy's regent, Kassander, in 311 B.C.SH84818. Gold 1/4 , CNG auction 88 (14 Sep 2011), lot 149 (same dies, gVF, $5,055 plus fees); 131 var. (club left); 237 var. (same), aEF, light marks, 2.124 g, maximum 11.4 mm, 180o, mint, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress knotted at neck; bow with string downward above club right, bee right above bow, ΦIΛIΠΠOY over A below club; extremely variant; $1570.00 (€1397.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.SH76216. Silver , Unpublished; I 165(1) var. (controls), cf. I 169(a) ( ), VF, very high relief, , bumps and marks, of Zeus flatly struck, 17.143 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 90o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, c. 295 - 291 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left, of facing (control symbol) on left, AP (primary control) under throne above strut, ΠA (secondary control) under strut; extremely , possibly unique - the only example known to ; $900.00 (€801.00)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This issue was minted to pay for Caesar's military operation against the Pompeians in . The campaign ended with the dictator's at Thapsus on 6 April 46 B.C. The depicts carrying his father and the away from burning Troy and refers to the mythical descent of the from Iulus, the son of .SH85104. Silver , 458/1, 12, 1013, East 31, 1402, gVF, bold strike, 3.799 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; diademed of right, wearing necklace, hair rolled back, in a knot behind, two locks down neck; , walking left, nude, carrying his father, , on his left shoulder, in right hand; $870.00 (€774.30)
, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
This issue was minted to pay for Caesar's military operation against the Pompeians in . The campaign ended with the dictator's at Thapsus on 6 April 46 B.C. The depicts carrying his father and the away from burning Troy and refers to the mythical descent of the from Iulus, the son of .SH85111. Silver , 458/1, 12, 1013, East 31, 1402, gVF, light , areas of luster, and struck, some light scratches on the , 3.846 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 180o, mint, 47 - 46 B.C.; diademed of right, wearing necklace, hair rolled back, in a knot behind, two locks down neck; , walking left, nude, carrying his father, , on his left shoulder, in right hand; $870.00 (€774.30)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . was invaded by the Galatians in 279 B.C. Only the wealthy coastal cities, including Mesembria, withstood their attacks. Following that chaos, rule of was divided between many tribes. Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C., tried to regain control of the for the , but his success was limited and short lived. Mesembria was taken by Mithradates VI in the First Mithradatic War and surrendered to in 71 B.C. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms as early as 275 B.C., more than 50 years after Alexander's death, and probably issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms struck anywhere, possibly under Roman rule as late as 65 B.C.SH85286. Silver , p. 84 and pl. VII, 41 (O7/R18); 992; 436, gVF, attractive , light marks and scratches, 17.000 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 180o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, nude to waist, around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Corinthian helmet right over ΠA in inner left under arm; ex FORVM (2013); $700.00 (€623.00)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.SH85062. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, VF, and struck, , light marks and scratches, 17.205 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1209; $600.00 (€534.00)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, -, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $490.00 (€436.10)
, the Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Lifetime or very early issue.GS85061. Silver , 3321, 1363, 3405 - 3426, VF, and struck, attractive , , scratches on , 17.038 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 45o, , Arados mint, struck under Menes or Laomedon, c. 324 - 320 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), ΣΩ left, A/P under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1203; $490.00 (€436.10)
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