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Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.
L Aelius Aurelius Commodus was the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius and empress Faustina II. Caesar in 177 A.D., Commodus succeeded his father as Augustus in 180. His rule of twelve years quickly degenerated into debauchery, paranoia, and insanity. He actually believed he was Hercules reincarnated and even participated in gladiatorial contests. The empire was directed by his unscrupulous favorites while the emperor amused himself in whatever decadent way he saw fit. His assassination in 192 A.D. was viewed as a blessing by most Romans of the day.
Lot of 26 Silver Denarii of Commodus, 177 - 192 A.D.
Includes the following rarities:
- Not in RIC. Obv:L AVREL COMMODVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right / Rev: TR P V IMP IIII COS II PP, Virtus/Roma seated right holding spear and parazonium
- Not in RIC. Obv: M COMMODVS ANTONINUS AVG, laureate head right / Rev. TR P VIII IMP V COS IIII PP, Roma seated left with Victory and spear
- RIC III 197 ( just a few specimens known). Obv: M COMM ANT P FEL AVGBRIT, laureate head right / Rev. APPOLINI PALATINO - Apollo standing front, head right, holding plectrum and lyre resting on columnLT80253. Silver Lot, 26 silver denarii, no flip tags, Rome mint, Mar/Apr 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D.; the actual coins in the photograph; as is, no returns; $1100.00 SALE PRICE $990.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior
Nicopolis ad Istrum was founded by Trajan around 101-106, at the junction of the Iatrus (Yantra) and the Rositsa rivers, in memory of his victory over the Dacians. Its ruins are located at the village of Nikyup, 20 km north of Veliko Tarnovo in northern Bulgaria. The town peaked during the reigns of Trajan, Hadrian, the Antonines and the Severan dynasty. In 447, the Nicopolis was destroyed by Attila's Huns. In the 6th century, it was rebuilt as a powerful fortress enclosing little more than military buildings and churches, following a very common trend for the cities of that century in the Danube area. It was finally destroyed by the Avar invasions at the end of the 6th century.RP77447. Bronze AE 29, H-H-J Nikopolis 18.104.22.168 (R5), AMNG I/I 1235, Moushmov 897, Varbanov I 2146 (R4), VF, nice green patina, marks, uneven strike, centration dimples, weight 11.978 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 135o, Nikopolis ad Istrum, Moesia Inferior mint, consular legate Caecilius Servilianus, 189 - 190; obverse AV-T KAI MAP AVPH KOMO∆OC, laureate, bearded head right; reverse HΓ EMOKAIKI CEPBEIΛIA NEIKOΠO ΠPOC ICT, river god reclining left, reeds in right hand, resting left arm on urn from which water flows; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00
The brothers Annius Verus and Commodus, sons of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger, were made caesars in 166 A.D. Annius Verus died at age 7 of natural causes in Rome on 10 September 169. His younger brother Commodus became his father's heir and later successor to his father's throne. The portraits are obviously unrealistic - the caesars were small boys when the coin was struck. RP84085. Bronze AE 17, RPC Online 5035 (17 spec.); BMC Lycaonia p. 191, 166; SNGvA 5993; SNG BnF 1456; SNG Levante 1018 var. (no star); SNG Cop -, F, turquoise patina, tight flan, porous, earthen deposits, weight 3.339 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 166 - 170 A.D.; obverse KOPOI CEBACTOY, confronted draped youthful busts of Annius Verus (on left) and Commodus, star over crossed club and caduceus between them; reverse temple with ten columns, eagle left with head right and wings open in pediment, KOINOC KIΛIKIAC in architrave, TAP-COY across field at center, MHTPOΠ in exergue; rare; $200.00 SALE PRICE $180.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Parium, Mysia
Founded in 709 B.C., the ancient city of Parion was a major coastal city, near Lampsacus, with two harbors used to connect Thrace with Anatolia. Parium belonged to the Delian League. In the Hellenistic period, it came under the domain of Lysimachus, and subsequently the Attalid dynasty. Julius Caesar refounded it as a colonia in the province of Asia. It was the main customs station through which all goods bound for Byzantium from Greece and the Aegean had to pass. When this coin was minted, Parium was within the Conventus of Adramyteum. After Asia was divided in the 4th century, Parium was in the province of Hellespontus. Today it is the village of Kemer in the township of Biga, Canakkale province, Turkey.RP84683. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 3152 (4 spec.); ANS Collection 1944.100.43132; BMC Mysia p. 105, 103 var. (no globe); SNG BnF -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG Tub -, Choice F, well centered, attractive toned brassy surfaces, marks, small edge crack, centration dimples, weight 9.952 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, die axis 180o, Parium (Kemer, Canakkale, Turkey) mint, c. 178 - 180, probably 180; obverse IMP CAI Λ AV - COMODVS, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right, with a short beard, from behind; reverse Capricorn swimming right, holding celestial globe between hooves, cornucopia on back, C G I H PAR (Colonia Gemella Iulia Hadriana Pariana) below; very rare; $170.00 SALE PRICE $153.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Thessalonica, Macedonia
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.RP84963. Bronze AE 27, RPC IV 8302, Touratsoglou 38 ff., Varbanov 4338 (R5) var. (crescent and star right), SNG Hunterian -, BMC Macedonia -, SNG ANS -, SNG Cop -, VF, nice portrait, die wear, slight corrosion, tiny edge cracks, weight 12.628 g, maximum diameter 26.7 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonika (Salonika, Greece) mint, 184 - 188 A.D.; obverse AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON (clockwise from upper right), laureate head right; reverse ΘECCAΛONIKEΩN (clockwise from upper right), Nike advancing right, wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder, crescent right; rare; $160.00 SALE PRICE $144.00
The elaborate Annonareverse composition reflects the special care Commodus took in supplying the much needed African grain to Rome (in fear of mob uprisings).RS84978. Silver denarius, RIC III 95, RSC II 17, BMCRE IV 144, MIR 18 647, SRCV II 5627, Hunter II -, Choice VF, nice portrait, well centered, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.212 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 184 - 185 A.D.; obverseCOMM ANT AVG P BRIT, laureate head right; reverseP M TR PVIIII IMP VII COS IIII P P, Annona standing left, statuette of Concordia holding patera and scepter in Annona's right hand, scepter in her left hand, modius overflowing with grain at feet on left, two persons on prow at feet on right, ANN in exergue; $150.00 SALE PRICE $135.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia
Amphipolis was on the Via Egnatia, the principal Roman road crossing the southern Balkans. In 50, the apostle Paul visited Amphipolis on his way to Thessaloniki. Many Christian churches were built indicating prosperity, but the region grew increasingly dangerous. In the 6th century, the population had declined considerably and the old perimeter was no longer defensible against Slavic invasions. The lower city was plundered for materials to fortify the Acropolis. In the 7th century, a new wall was built, right through the bath and basilica, dividing the Acropolis. The remaining artisans moved to houses and workshops built in the unused cisterns of the upper city. In the 8th century, the last inhabitants probably abandoned the city and moved to nearby Chrysopolis (formerly Eion, once the port of Amphipolis).RP83483. Bronze AE 24, RPC IV online 7653 (5 spec.), SNG Cop 109, SNG Evelpidis 1186, Varbanov III 3244 (R4) var. (obv. leg.), BMC Macedonia p. 57, 116 var. (same), aVF, well centered, bumps, areas of light corrosion, flan flaw (pit) obverse center, weight 8.624 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, c. 188 - 190 A.D.; obverse AVTOK M AVP KOMM ANTΩNEINON, laureate head right; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITWN, Tyche seated left on high-backed throne, wearing crown of city walls, right leg drawn back, patera in extended right hand, left elbow on back of throne; $135.00 SALE PRICE $122.00
Libertas (Latin for Liberty) was the Roman goddess and embodiment of liberty. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. coins.RB79866. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III M. Aurelius 1590; Cayon III 186; Hunter II 36; Cohen III 330; MIR 18 427; SRCV II 5766; BMCRE IV p. 675, 1686 var. (laur. and cuir);, F, nice green patina, earthen encrustations, weight 24.345 g, maximum diameter 31.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 177 - Dec 178 A.D.; obverseL AVREL COMMODVS AVG TR P III, laureate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseLIBERTAS AVGIMP IICOS P P, Libertas standing half left, pileus (freedom cap) in right hand, vindicta (long rod) vertical in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; $130.00 SALE PRICE $117.00
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Pergamon and Ephesos
Medallion celebrating the alliance between Ephesus and Pergamum.SH90561. Brass medallion, Franke-Nolle 1546; BMC Mysia -; RPC online -; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -; SNG BnF -, aF, rough, pitted, varnished, weight 30.353 g, maximum diameter 41.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, strategos P. Aelius Pius, 180 - 182 A.D.; obverse AV KAI M AVPH KOMMO∆OC, laureate and draped bust right, from behind, oval countermark (Severanhead?); reverse EΠI CTP Π AI ΠIOY KOINON OMONOIA, Asklepios on left, standing slightly right, snake entwined staff in right hand; cult statue of Artemis of Ephesus on left, standing facing, wearing kalathos and veil, arms extended with supports; ΠEPΓAMHNΩN KAI EΦECIΩN in exergue; HUGE 41mm medallion!; very rare; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. This coin, dedicated to the health of the emperor, probably indicates the emperor was at the time suffering from some disease, and sacred rites had been performed for his recovery.RB78072. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC III 512; BMCRE IV p. 816, 617; Szaivert MIR 18 746; Hunter II -; Cohen III -, F, well centered, light corrosion, closed flan crack, weight 22.745 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, Rome mint, 186 - 187 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANT PFELIX AVG BRIT, laureate head right; reverseP M TR P XIII IMP VIIICOS V P P (hight priest, tribune of the people 13 years, imperator the 8th time, consul the 5th time, father of the country), Salus seated left on a throne, from patera in right hand, feeding a snake rising up from an altar at feet on left, left forearm on back of throne, S - C across field at center; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $115.00 SALE PRICE $104.00
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