Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander I Balas, 152 - 145 B.C.
Alexander Balas, of humble origin, claimed to be Antiochus IV's son and heir to the Seleukid throne. Rome and accepted his claims. He married Thea, daughter of Ptolemy of . With his father-in-law's , he defeated Demetrius and became the Seleukid . After he abandoned himself to debauchery, his father-in-law shifted his support to Demetrius II, the son of Demetrius . Balas was defeated and fled to where he was murdered.
GS84619. Silver , II 1781.3a, 118, 875a, EF, excellent Hellenistic , lightly , slightly off center, some die wear, light marks, light deposits on , 16.950 g, maximum 28.9 mm, 45o, Antioch on the (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 152 - 146 B.C.; diademed right, ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY ΘEOΠATOPOΣ EYEPΓETOY, Zeus enthroned left, chest bare, around hips and legs and over left shoulder, offering him in his right hand, in his left hand, (control symbol) outer left, ΓΞP ( year 163) and (control symbol) in ; ex CNG e-auction 386 (9 Nov 2016), lot 328; $540.00 (€480.60)
Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, 220 - 214 B.C.
Achaios was an uncle of Antiochos III. He proclaimed himself in Anatolia. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, , he was captured and beheaded.GY76100. Bronze AE 15, I 956 var. (unlisted control symbol), 834 var. (same), 1442 var. (same), 436 (S-R1), VF, nice green , 3.314 g, maximum 15.3 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn or winter 214 B.C.; laureate of right; standing right, right, wings closed, in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / AXAIOY in two flanking downward lines, X (control symbol) outer right; unpublished extremely variant; $430.00 (€382.70)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as . He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including , but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself .GY79685. Bronze AE 22, II 2006b, 1771, 1009, 248 ff. var. (control), 304 var. (same), 143 (C-S), VF, nice portrait, green , slightly off center, well-centered , 8.067 g, maximum 22.0 mm, 45o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY , walking left, holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, frond (control symbol) right; ; $185.00 (€164.65)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71560. Bronze AE 16, cf. I 525.1; 1407 ff.; 95; 362; p. 15, 13; 253a (all various controls outer left), EF, nice jade green , typical , contact marks, slightest spots of corrosion, 3.767 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; laureate of right, hair falling in spiral curls down neck and beneath ear; with paw feet, with flukes right below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, outer left and outer right (controls, outer left off ); $170.00 (€151.30)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VI Dionysus, 144 - c. 142 B.C.
After his father was deposed by Demetrius II, the general Diodotus Tryphon nominated Antiochus VI as . He gained the allegiance of most of the Seleucid domain, including , but was actually only a puppet of the general. He died after "ruling" for two years. He was likely assassinated under orders from Tryphon, who then made himself .SH90305. Bronze AE 22, II 2006c, 1774, 249, 304 var. (control), 1043 (C-S), VF, 7.923 g, maximum 22.3 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. mid-143 - 142 B.C.; of Antiochos VI right, wearing ivy ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, EΠIΦANOYΣ ∆IONYΣOY , walking left holding torch in trunk, ΣTA above right, (control symbol) right; ex (2010); $110.00 (€97.90)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I , 280 - 261 B.C.
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior ( ) of by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western to Ptolemy.GB83572. Bronze AE 16, I 377, 886, 175 (R3), F, nice green , bumps and marks, 5.18 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 90o, uncertain Mesopotamian or further east mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; horned horse right; flukes upward, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on left, (control ) inner left and inner right; extremely ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Seleukeia Kalykadnos, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
The Cilician Seleukia was founded by Seleukos I on the course of river Kalykadnos and soon became an important city, rivaling Tarsos.GB72009. Bronze AE 19, 692 (same die); 923; 7588; p. 130, 11 - 14 var. ( ), gVF, light corrosion, spot of encrustation, 4.465 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 0o, Seleukeia Kalykadnos mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; laureate of right, ΣA upward behind; ΣEΛEYKEΩN TΩN ΠPOΣ TΩI KAΛYKA∆NΩI, forepart of horse right, AΘH above, AΘH below; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos II Kallinikos, 246 - 226 B.C.
The Seleukid Empire was under attack by when Kallinikos assumed the throne. He lost much of and coastal Anatolia to Ptolemy III. While he was fighting, his mother made his younger brother Antiochos Hierax joint ruler. Kallinikos agreed to partition the empire; however, Hierax wanted it all and Hierax and his Galatian mercenaries defeated him. Kallinikos managed to retain the lands east of the Tauros. The War of the Brothers weakened the empire, permitting regions such as to secede. Anatolia was soon lost. Kallinikos died after a fall from his horse.GB73944. Bronze AE 21, I 692(2), 1015, 112, 322, cf. 404 (uncertain controls), p. 17, 20 (same), gVF, nice green , small than dies, a little off-center, some earthen encrustation, 7.792 g, maximum 20.7 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 244 - 229 B.C.; draped of right, wearing Corinthian helmet; standing left, extending in right hand, frond in left over shoulder, large flukes up inner left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on the right, ΣEΛEYKOY downward on the left (off ), EY outer left (control, off ), (control) outer right; $90.00 (€80.10)
Seleukid Kingdom, Alexander II Zabinas, 128 - 123 B.C.
Zabinas claimed to be an adoptive son of , but may have been the son of an Egyptian merchant. He was used as a pawn by the Egyptian Ptolemy II (Physcon). Zabinas managed to defeat Demetrius II and thereafter ruled parts of , but soon ran out of Egyptian support and was defeated by Demetrius' son Antiochus Grypus. As a last resort, Zabinas plundered the temples of Antioch. He is said to have joked about melting down a statuette of the goddess of , , which was held in the hand of a Zeus statue, saying "Zeus has given me ." Enraged by his impiety, the Antiochenes expelled Zabinas, who was captured and executed soon after. "Zabinas" is a derogatory name meaning "the bought one," implying he was Ptolemy's slave.GB57149. Bronze unit, II 2231(1), 2348 ff., VF, beautiful highlighting desert , 7.989 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. 126 - 125 B.C.; of Alexander II right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, walking left, extended in right, palm-branch over shoulder in left, H∆P over uncertain symbol inner left; $85.00 (€75.65)
Seleukid Kingdom, Diodotus Tryphon, 142 - 138 B.C.
Tryphon, a general, betrayed and deposed the child Antiochus VI and seized power for himself in Coele-Syria. He reinstated rule in Judea in exchange for which Jewish armies under the High Priest Jonathan marched against his rival Demetrius. But Tryphon betrayed Jonathan taking him prisoner at a "friendly" meeting and marching his army to . Jonathan's brother, Simon Maccabaeus, was ready for battle, preventing invasion. Tryphon promised to free Jonathan in exchange for one hundred talents and Jonathan's two sons as hostages. Simon did not trust Tryphon, but he complied so he could not be accused of his brother's death. As expected, Jonathan was executed.Tryphon committed suicide after he was defeated by .GY79275. Bronze AE 18, II 2040, 263, 1825, 1047, 1061 (S); central cavities, VF, nice desert with red earthen highlighting, some corrosion, slightly , 5.397 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 45o, uncertain (northern ?) mint, 142 - 138 B.C.; diademed right, no ; spiked Macedonian helmet left, with cheek guards, adorned with a wild goat's horn above the visor, AΣK (control) downward lower inner left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ TPYΦΩNOΣ in two lines downward on right, AYTOKPATOPOΣ downward on left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $85.00 (€75.65)
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