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Pompey the Great and his sons Sextus and Gnaeus Pompey Junior
Sextus Pompey, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
In Greek mythology, Scylla was a monster that lived on one side of Strait of Messina between Italy and Sicily, opposite her counterpart Charybdis. The two sides of the strait were within an arrow's range of each other - so close that sailors attempting to avoid Charybdis would pass dangerously close to Scylla and vice versa. Scylla made her first appearance in Homer's Odyssey, where Odysseus and his crew encounter her and Charybdis on their travels. Later myth gave her an origin story as a beautiful nymph who gets turned into a monster. The idiom "between Scylla and Charybdis" has come to mean being forced to choose between two similarly dangerous situations. SH87414. Silver denarius, RSC IPompeia 3a (same ligatures), Crawford 511/4d, Sydenham 1348, BMCRRSicily 20, Sear CRI 335b, SRCV I 1393, gVF, beautifully toned, edge cracks, legends not fully struck, weight 3.566 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 225o, uncertain Sicilian mint, 40 - 39 B.C.; obverse MAG•PIVS•IMP•ITER, pharos (lighthouse) of Messana, topped with stature of Neptune standing right holding trident and rudder, his left foot on a galley ram; quinquereme (war galley) sailing left in foreground below adorned with aquila on prow and scepter at the stern; reverse PRAEF ORAE•MARIT•ET•CLAS• S•C• (AEs and MAR ligate), the sea monster Skylla, her upper body a nude human female torso, lower body of two fish tails and three dog foreparts, attacking to left with a rudder wielded as a club in both hands raised overhead; ex Nomos Obolos 10, lot 349; rare; $2100.00 (€1785.00)
Soli-Pompeiopolis, Cilicia, 66 B.C. - 1st Century A.D., Pompey the GreatObverse
Soli, a Rhodian colony, was founded, c. 700 B.C. The word solecism (a grammatical blunder) is derived from Soli - Athenians considered the Soli dialect to be corrupted Attic Greek. Pompey the Great destroyed Soli and refounded the site as Pompeiopolis, c. 66 B.C. Realizing they were driven to crime by desperation, Pompey spared and resettled numerous captured Cilician pirates at Pompeiopolis. GB87473. Bronze AE 23, cf. SNG BnF 1213 ff., SNG Levante 880 ff., BMC Lycaonia 54, SNG Cop 246, SNGvA 5887 f., RPC I -, (refs with various monograms), aF, weight 9.421 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Soli-Pompeiopolis mint, probably struck 66 - 48 B.C.; obversehead of Pompey right; reverse ΠOMΠHIOΠOΛEITΩN, Nike advancing right, wreath in right hand, palm over shoulder in left, monograms in right field; rare; $60.00 (€51.00)
Pompey the Great, Proconsul, murdered in 48 B.C., minted by his son Sextus Pompey
Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.). He was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.SH51515. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1392, RSC IPompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, Crawford 511/3a, BMC Sicily 93, VF, banker, weight 3.779 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 45o, Sicilian mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; obverse MAG.PIVS.IMP.ITER, head of Pompey the Great right between jug and lituus; reverse PRAEF CLAS ET ORAE MARITEX S C, Neptune right foot on prow, flanked by the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, with their parents on their shoulders; scarce; SOLD
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