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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Lydia||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Lydia, Antatolia

Lydia lies in east-central Anatolia (Asia Minor) between Ionia and Phrygia. The kingdom of Lydia gradually rose in power in the 7th Century B.C. and by the time of Alyattes and Croesus, it was controlling most of Anatolia after rebuking Medes (the pre-Achaemenid empire). The most important city was Sardis, today Sart, housing impressive ruins. The Lydians were viewed as a merchant people and the kings as extremely wealthy. Croesus gained mythical status and today we still use the expression, "rich as Croesus."

Kaystriani, Lydia, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Kaystriani,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |-| |1st| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |20|
"The peoples of the plain of the lower Kayster river issued small coins in the 2nd or 1st century BC. Only one coin has been suggested as having been struck in imperial times." -- Greek| and Roman| Imperial| |Coins - |Lydia GRPC Lydia) by Dane Kurth
GB95821. Bronze AE 20, GRPC Lydia II Kaystriani 1; BMC Lydia p. 60, 1; SGCV II 4695; SNG Cop -; SNG Munchen -; SNG Tubingen -, F, dark near black patina with brassy spots, cleaning scratches, bumps, trace of a pre-strike casting sprue, weight 6.030 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, tribal Kaystrianoi mint, magistrate Socrates, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse ΣΩΣIKPATOYΣ, head of Apollo right; reverse winged kerykeion (caduceus), KAYΣTPI/ANΩN starting downward on left, ending upward on right, followed on right by ΠHTP monogram after ethnic; this is the first coin of any type from the Kaystriani handled by FORVM, zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades (similar coins half this size are less rare); very rare; $220.00 SALE |PRICE| $198.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Achaios, Usurper in Anatolia, 220 - 214 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Achaios,| |Usurper| |in| |Anatolia,| |220| |-| |214| |B.C.|, |AE| |17|
Achaios (Achaeus) was an uncle of Antiochos III. In 223 B.C., Antiochus III appointed Achaeus to the command of Anatolia on the western side of Mount Taurus. Achaeus recovered all the districts which had been lost; but was falsely accused by Hermeias, the minister to Antiochus, of intending to revolt. In self-defense he assumed the title of king. Antiochus marched against Achaeus after he concluded the war with Ptolemy. After a two-year siege of his capital of Sardes, Lydia, Achaios was captured and beheaded.
GY89996. Bronze AE 17, Houghton-Lorber I 956 corr. (unlisted control symbol), SNG Spaer 834 var. (same), Newell WSM 1442 var. (same), HGC 9 436 (S-R1), VF, green and garnet patina, off center, light deposits, tiny edge split, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Lydia, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 220 - autumn/winter 214 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, hair in formal (corkscrew) curls; reverse eagle standing right, head right, wings closed, wreath in talons, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, AXAIOY downward on left, A (control symbol) outer right; apparently unpublished and only two sales recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus I Soter, 280 - 261 B.C.

|Seleucid| |Kingdom|, |Seleukid| |Kingdom,| |Antiochus| |I| |Soter,| |280| |-| |261| |B.C.|, |AE| |14|
Antiochos' reign was marred by struggle against internal and external enemies, including the betrayal and revolt of his co-regent in the east, his eldest son, whom he was forced to execute. He earned the title savior (soter) of Asia by defeated roving bands of Galatians that had terrorized the cities for years. However, not long after, he lost southern and western Asia Minor to Ptolemy.
GB95356. Bronze AE 14, Houghton-Lorber 315a; Newell WSM 1369; BMC Seleucid p. 13, 58; SNG Spaer 233; SNG Cop 77; SGCV II 6883; HGC 9 167 (R2), Choice aVF, dark patina, weight 2.294 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, 280 - 261 B.C.; obverse bust of Athena facing, wearing triple-crested Attic helmet; reverse Nike walking left, raising wreath in right hand, long palm frond over left shoulder in left hand, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) downward on right, ANTIOXOY downward on right, symbol in circle outer left (control), no control right; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Thyatira|, |Thyatira,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|
We were unable to identify another specimen with the monogram right. It may be present on some published or online specimens that are just too worn or off center. This same monogram is found on other types from Thyatira.
GB91506. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 571 var.; SNGvA 3199 var.; SNG Munchen 574 var.; SNG Tübingen 3836 var.; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4 var.; et al. - (none with monogram), gF, beautiful jade-like patina, earthen deposits, small edge chips, weight 3.125 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 2nd Century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse double-axe (labrys), ΘYATEI/PH-NΩN in two lines staring above, below divided by shaft, monogram to right of axe blade; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare variety; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Hierocaesarea, Lydia, c. 100 - 150 A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Hierocaesarea,| |Lydia,| |c.| |100| |-| |150| |A.D.|, |AE| |17|
Hierocaesarea from the Greek for 'sacred' and the Latin for 'Caesar's', also known as Hieracome or Hierakome, was a town and bishopric in the late Roman province of Lydia, the metropolitan see of which was Sardis. Judging from its coins, it worshiped the goddess Artemis Persica.
RP92869. Bronze AE 17, Imhoof-Blumer LS 23; RPC III Online 1854; BMC Lydia p. 103, 6; SNG Cop 176; Waddington 5001; SNGvA -; Weber -, VF, nice green patina, obverse off center, broad flan, weight 3.163 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Hierocaesarea (near Sazoba, Turkey) mint, c. 100 - 150 A.D.; obverse ΠEPCIKH, bust of Artemis Persica right, bow and quiver at shoulder; reverse IEPOKAICA-PE-ΩN (the last two letters in exergue), stag walking right; scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Sardes, Lydia, c. 212 - 217 A.D.

|Sardes|, |Sardes,| |Lydia,| |c.| |212| |-| |217| |A.D.|, |AE| |16|
The Zeus who was worshiped at Laodicea was a Hellenized form of the old native god, Men. Men had been the king and father of his people. When Greeks settled in the area they continued to worship the god whose power was supreme in the district, but they identified him with their own god Zeus. Thus at Sardis and elsewhere in the region the native god became Zeus Lydios.
RP92868. Bronze AE 16, SNG Munchen 499; BMC Lydia p. 248, 86; Johnston Sardis 262; Lindgren-Kovacs A809A; SNG Cop -; SNGvA -, aVF, well centered, dark green patina, porosity, weight 1.991 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, time of Caracalla, c. 212 - 217 A.D.; obverse ZEYC - ΛY∆IOC, diademed and draped bust of Zeus Lydios right; reverse CAP∆IANΩN, Herakles standing facing, head left, resting right hand on grounded club, Nemean lionskin on left arm; scarce; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Thyatira, Lydia, 2nd Century B.C.

|Thyatira|, |Thyatira,| |Lydia,| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.|, |AE| |16|
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). In Revelation, Thyatira is the church that had a false prophetess (Revelation 2:20).
GB89864. Bronze AE 16, SNG Cop 571; SNGvA 3199; BMC Lydia p. 292, 4; Klein 578, gF, well centered, blue-green and brown patina, light marks, weight 3.300 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 2nd century B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right; reverse ΘYATEI/PH−NΩN, double-axe (labrys); $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Persian Empire, Lydia, Anatolia, Darius II - Artaxerxes II, c. 420 - 375 B.C.

|Persian| |Lydia|, |Persian| |Empire,| |Lydia,| |Anatolia,| |Darius| |II| |-| |Artaxerxes| |II,| |c.| |420| |-| |375| |B.C.|, |siglos|
This type was minted in Lydia, Anatolia, while under Persian control, prior to Alexander the Great's conquest. The Persian or Achaemenid Empire (c. 550 - 330 B.C.) was the largest empire in ancient history extending across Asia, Africa and Europe, including Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine and Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and much of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya.Persian Empire
GA88199. Silver siglos, Carradice Type| IV (middle) B; Carradice Price p. 73 and pl. 19, 223; BMC Arabia p. 171, 172 ff., pl. XXVII, 7 ff.; Rosen 678; SGCV II 4683, aF, toned, porous, banker's marks, weight 5.217 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 375 B.C.; obverse Kneeling-running figure of the Great King right, bearded, crowned, dagger in right hand, bow in left hand; reverse irregular oblong punch; $65.00 SALE |PRICE| $58.00


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D., Thyatira, Lydia

|Thyatira|, |Severus| |Alexander,| |13| |March| |222| |-| |March| |235| |A.D.,| |Thyatira,| |Lydia|, |AE| |24|
Thyateira (also Thyatira) is the ancient name of the modern Turkish city of Akhisar ("white castle"). It lies in the far west of Turkey, south of Istanbul and almost due east of Athens. It is about 50 miles (80 km) from the Aegean Sea.
RP92867. Bronze AE 24, BMC Lydia p. 316, 128; RPC VI online T4384; SNG Munchen 675; SNG Cop 624; SNGvA -, F, green patina, earthen encrustations, porous, weight 6.605 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thyatira (Akhisar, Turkey) mint, 13 Mar 222 - Mar 235 A.D.; obverse AYT K CE - AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate head right; reverse ΘYATEIPH,NΩN (last three letters in exergue), she wolf right suckling twins Romulus and Remus; rare; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D., Tripolis, Lydia

|Other| |Lydia|, |Philip| |II,| |July| |or| |August| |247| |-| |Late| |249| |A.D.,| |Tripolis,| |Lydia|, |AE| |26|
Tripolis ad Maeandrum (through the ages known as Neapolis, Apollonia, and Antoninopolis) was on the northern bank of the Maeander between Sardes and Laodicea ad Lycum. Its Roman and Byzantine ruins still exist near Yenicekent, Turkey.
MA92873. Bronze AE 26, GRPC Lydia IV Tripolis 168; RPC Online VIII - (unassigned, ID 20622, this coin 1 of 6 spec.); BMC Lydia p. 133, 75; Waddington 2691; SNG Leypold 1343, F, well centered, porous/pitted, weight 9.818 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 180o, Tripolis (near Yenicekent, Turkey) mint, 1st issue as caesar, 244 - 245 A.D.; obverse M IOYΛ ΦIΛIΠΠOC K, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from the front; reverse TPIΠOΛEITΩN, Demeter standing half left, head left, wearing long chiton and peplos, stalks of grain and poppy in right hand, flaming long torch in left hand; ex Savoca auction blue 11 (27 Oct 2018), lot 1220; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; rare; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00




  






REFERENCES|

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Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Head, B. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum, Lydia. (London, 1901).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. "Die Münzen der Kilbianer in Lydien" in NZ 20 (1888).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Kleinasiatische Münzen. (Vienna, 1901-2).
Imhoof-Blumer, F. Lydische Stadtmünzen, neue Untersuchungen. (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897).
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Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen, Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
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Noe, S. Two Hoards of Persian Sigloi. ANSNNM 136. (New York, 1956).
Price, M. The Coinage of in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (London, 1991).
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Radet, G. La Lydie et le Monde grec. (1893).
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Spier, J. "Notes on Early Electrum Coinage and a Die-Linked Issue from Lydia" in Studies Price. (London, 1998).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria, and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 23: Lydien. (Berlin, 1997).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia. (Helsinki, 1999).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain VI, Corpus Christi College Cambridge, The Lewis Collection II: The Greek Imperial Coins. (1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Österreich, Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I. Pontus - Lydien. (Vienna, 2000).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).
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Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen (ANS ACNAC 5). (New York, 1983).

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