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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ AfricaView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Africa

Portugal, Afonso V the African, 1438 - 1481

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Ceuta, on the north coast of Africa, was captured by Portugal in 1415 from the Kingdom of Fez. Due to its large Spanish population, it was the only city in the Portuguese Empire that sided with Spain when Portugal regained its independence in 1640 and the War of Restoration ensued. Ceuta was formally ceded to Spain in 1668.

A ceitil is one-sixth of a real. A few badly corroded similar Portuguese copper ceitils were found by the archaeologists who discovered Fernando De Soto's first winter campsite, near Tallahassee, Florida. They also found crossbow quarrel points and rings of chainmail.
ME77344. Copper ceitil, cf. Gomes 982, MEC 6 Iberian Peninsula 1020 - 1059, F, uneven strike, flan chip, weight 1.528 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 0o, North Africa, Ceuta mint, 1438 - 1481; obverse + REX PORTUGALIE ALGA (or similar, King of Portugal and Algarve), shield with arms of Portugal; reverse + ALFOS CEPT ET DOM (or similar, Alfonso Lord of Ceuta), castle of three towers, ramparts, base line and wave below; very rare; $60.00 (€53.40)

Vandals, c. 430 - c. 490 A.D.

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ME51666. Bronze nummus, BMC Vandals 68 - 72, pl. III, 35 - 36, F, weight 0.550 g, maximum diameter 10.4 mm, die axis 270o, N. Africa mint, c. 430 - c. 490 A.D.; obverse bust right or horse head left; reverse palm tree with fruit; SOLD

Vandal Kingdom, North Africa, Thrasamund, 496 - 523 A.D.

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Under Thrasamund the Vandal kingdom declined and lost control of nearly all of modern Algeria to the Berbers. In his last year, the important port city of Leptis Magna was sacked. On the other hand, he maintained a firm grip on the heartland of the kingdom (modern Tunisia and eastern Algeria). He also ended many years of Christian persecution, which improved relations with the Byzantine Empire.
ME35900. Bronze nummus, MEC I p. 418, 20, aF, weight 0.970 g, maximum diameter 10.9 mm, die axis 315o, Carthage mint, obverse [DNRC], diademed bust right; reverse Victory standing left, wreath in right; SOLD



Gomes, A. Moedas do território português antes da fundação de la nacionalidade (Hispano-romanas). (Lisbon, 1998).
Grierson, P. & M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Munro-Hay, S. Catalogue of the Aksumite Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1999).
Munro-Hay, S. & B. Juel-Jensen. Aksumite Coinage. (London, 1995).
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Thursday, February 23, 2017.
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African Coins