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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Severan Period| ▸ |Elagabalus||View Options:  |  |  | 

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

Elagabalus came to power through the scheming of his grandmother Julia Maesa. Elagabalus repeatedly shocked the population with increasingly bizarre behavior including cross-dressing and marrying a vestal virgin. Eventually, his grandmother replaced him on the throne with Severus Alexander, and Elagabalus and his mother were murdered, dragged through the streets of Rome, and dumped into the Tiber.

Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Laodicea ad Mare, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

|Roman| |Syria|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Laodicea| |ad| |Mare,| |Seleucis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria|, |AE| |19|
Laodicea ad Mare prospered thanks to the excellent wine produced in the nearby hills and was also famous for its textiles, both of which were exported to all the empire. A sizable Jewish population lived in Laodicea during the first century. Under Septimius Severus the city was fortified and was made for a few years the capital of Roman Syria: in this period Laodicea grew to be a city of nearly 40,000 inhabitants and had even an hippodrome. Christianity was the main religion in the city after Constantine I and many bishops of Laodicea participated in ecumenical councils, mainly during Byzantine times. The heretic Apollinarius was bishop of Laodicea in the 4th century, when the city was fully Christian but with a few remaining Jews. An earthquake damaged the city in 494 A.D. Justinian I made Laodicea the capital of the Byzantine province of "Theodorias" in the early sixth century. Laodicea remained its capital for more than a century until the Arab conquest.
RP86245. Bronze AE 19, SNG Munchen 944; SNG Hunterian 3226, SNG Cop 372 var. (bust); BMC Galatia p. 262, 105 var. (no clubs), VF, porous, reverse off center, weight 5.941 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 225o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVP - ANTONINVS - AVG, radiate bust right, bare shoulders seen from behind; reverse LAVDICEON, two naked wrestlers, standing confronted and grappling, wrestler on the left has his hand on his antagonist shoulder, clubs left and right, one behind each wrestler, ∆E exergue; scarce; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00


|Elagabalus|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.|, |denarius|
This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS88406. Silver denarius, RSC III 38a, RIC IV 73, BMCRE V 133, SRCV II 7512, Hunter III -, aVF, broad flan, small dark spots, edge splits/cracks, weight 3.417 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 219 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing facing, head right, grounded vexillum vertical in right hand, transverse standard in left hand; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria

|Decapolis,| |Arabia| |&| |Syria|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Antioch,| |Seleukis| |and| |Pieria,| |Syria|, |as|
"And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch." -- Acts 11:26
RP89898. Bronze as, McAlee 782, SNG Cop 244; BMC Galatia p. 204, 433; Waage 588, VF, brown tone with highlighting earthen deposits, flan adjustment marks, struck a little flat and off center, weight 4.220 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse AYT KAI MAP AYP ANTWNEINOC CE (or similar), laureate head right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse large S C, ∆E above, eagle wings open and head right below, all within laurel wreath ornamented at the top with a star; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.50


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Amphipolis, Macedonia

|Elagabalus|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Amphipolis,| |Macedonia|, |AE| |21|
Tyche (Greek for luck; the Roman equivalent was Fortuna) was the presiding tutelary deity that governed the fortune and prosperity of a city, its destiny. Increasingly during the Hellenistic period, cities had their own specific iconic version of Tyche, wearing a mural crown (a crown like the walls of the city).
RP88228. Bronze AE 21, Varbanov III 3292 (R4); BMC Macedonia p. 60, 131; Moushmov 6117; SNG ANS 202 corr. (club in ex.); SNG Cop -, aVF, well centered, rough, earthen deposits, weight 5.434 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, Amphipolis mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AY K M AVP CEY AΛEΞAN∆POC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse AMΦIΠOΛEITΩN, Tyche seated left on throne, kalathos on head, patera in right hand, altar before her, fish left in exergue; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Tarsos, Cilicia

|Cilicia|, |Elagabalus,| |16| |May| |218| |-| |11| |March| |222| |A.D.,| |Tarsos,| |Cilicia|, |AE| |31|
When the province of Cilicia was divided, Tarsus remained the civil and religious metropolis of Cilicia Prima, and was a grand city with palaces, marketplaces, roads and bridges, baths, fountains and waterworks, a gymnasium on the banks of the Cydnus, and a stadium. Tarsus was later eclipsed by nearby Adana, but remained important as a port and shipyard. Several Roman emperors were interred here: Tacitus, Maximinus II, and Julian the Apostate, who planned to move his capital here from Antioch if he returned from his Persian expedition.
RP88860. Bronze AE 31, SNG BnF 1566; Ziegler K 722, BMC Lycaonia p. 301, 207; SNG Levante 1078 var. (bust); SNGvA 6023 var. (same); Waddington 4646 corr. (Caracalla), F, well centered, rough, porosity, bumps, scratches, a few pits, weight 11.113 g, maximum diameter 31.0 mm, die axis 180o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 16 May 218 - 11 Mar 222 A.D.; obverse AVT KAI M AVP ANTWNEINOC, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse TAPCOV THC MHTPOΠOΛE, demiourgos crown on garlanded alter to left, Kilikarch crown decorated with seven imperial heads and Γ B to right, A M K in exergue; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

ANTONINVSFELPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPFELAVG ANTONINVSPIVSAVG
ANTONINVSPIVSFEL
ANTONINVSPIVSFELAVG (ALSO USED BY CARACALLA)
IMPANTONINVSAVG
IMPANTONINVSPIVSAVG
IMPANTONINVSPIVSFELIX
IMPANTONINVSPIVSFELIXAVG
IMPCAESANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRANTONINVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRANTONINVSPFAVG
IMPCAESMAVRANTONINVSPIVSAVG
IMPCAESMAVRSEANTONINVSAVG
IMPCMAVRANTONINVSPFAVG
IMP M AVR ANTONIN PIVS AVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4, Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III, Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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