Kingdom of Sophene, , Arsames II, c. 240 - 220 B.C.
The Kingdom of Sophene was an ancient Armenian kingdom. Founded around the 3rd century B.C. the kingdom maintained independence until around 90 B.C. when Tigranes the Great conquered the territories as of his empire.SH66374. Bronze , 19; 9 var. (same right); 28, 8 var. (same), aVF, 3.057 g, maximum 16.4 mm, 315o, Persepolis(?) mint, c. 240 - 220 B.C.; diademed and draped left, wearing flat-topped ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ APΣAMOY, caps of the , two above; extremely ; $135.00 (€120.15)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus II Theos, 261 - 246 B.C.
Antiochus II Theos was the son of Antiochus I and Princess Stratonice, the daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. He inherited a state of war with and while he was thus occupied, his satraps in and declared independence. To make peace with and to seal the treaty, Antiochus repudiated his wife Laodice I, exiled her to , and married Ptolemy II's daughter Berenice. Antiochus later left Berenice and their infant son Antiochus, to live again with Laodice. Laodice poisoned him, had Berenice and her infant son murdered, and proclaimed her son Seleucus II as .GB71666. Bronze AE 20, 565(2)b, 348A, 1312, 254 (R2), 87 var. (no ), -; c/m: -, aVF, oval , edge crack, light encrustation and corrosion, 4.254 g, maximum 19.5 mm, 315o, Tarsos (Tarsus, Mersin, Turkey) mint, 261 - 246 B.C.; the galloping on horseback right, spears raised in right ; Promachos standing right, brandishing javelin in right hand, in left hand, with flukes left below, BAΣIΛEΩΣ in upward line on left, ANTIOXOY in upward line on right, (control) inner left, : ΠA in a square punch; ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Tripolis, , 13 - 14 A.D.
Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) was the center of a Phoenician confederation of Tyre, and Arados, hence the name Tripoli, meaning "triple city" in Greek.
In 14 A.D., a begun in 8 A.D. concluded there were 4,973,000 citizens of the Roman Empire.RP73059. Bronze AE 21, 4515; p. 207, 33 - 36; 1679; -, F, green , 9.468 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 45o, Tripolis (Tripoli, Lebanon) mint, 13 - 14 A.D.; laureate heads of the Dioskouroi right; TPIΠOΛITΩN, standing right on a war galley prow right, extending in right hand, frond in left hand, L M∆ (Actian era year 44) above prow, TKE ( year 325) below prow; $60.00 (€53.40)
, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.
The , the twins and , most frequently appear on coins of the Roman Republic as horsemen galloping, with couched lances, and stars above their . Their mother was Leda, the queen of Sparta. was the mortal son of Tyndareus, her husband, the of Sparta. was the divine son of Zeus, who seduced Leda in the guise of a swan. When was killed, asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation Gemini. The pair were regarded as the patrons of sailors, to whom they appeared as St. Elmo's fire, and were also associated with horsemanship. In Rome, their festival was celebrated on the 28th of January.RT84378. , 32, 35, 5, 14975, F, , marks and scratches, off center, 5.713 g, maximum 23.5 mm, 180o, 4th , ( of Rome) mint, 309 - 28 Oct 312 A.D.; IMP C MAXENTIVS , laureate right, bare right shoulder from behind; , and , each with above cap, both naked except over shoulder, leaning on with outer arm, holding bridled horse with inner hand, MOSTQ in ; $60.00 (€53.40)
Rhegion, , Italy, c. 215 - 150 B.C.
Rhegion reached great artistic and cultural heights. It was home to academies, such as the Pythagorean School, and to well-known poets, historians and sculptors such as Ibycus, Ippy, and Pythagoras. It was an important ally of the Roman Republic. Rhegium flourished during the Imperial Age but was devastated by several major earthquakes and tsunami. St. Paul passed through Rhegium on his final voyage to Rome (Acts XXVIII:13).GI79581. Bronze , 2557; 766; 1981; 1710; p. 384, 105, aF, rough, weak strike, 3.330 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Rhegion (Reggio, , Italy) mint, Second Punic War, c. 211 - 201 B.C.; heads of the Dioskouroi right, wearing and laurel wreaths, two stars above; Demeter standing facing, left, two stalks of grain in right hand, long torch vertical in left hand, crescent over IIII (mark of value) on left, PHΓINΩN downward on right; ex John Jencek; $50.00 (€44.50)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $40.00 (€35.60)
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