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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Roman Procurators ▸ CoponiusView Options:  |  |  | 

Judaea, Coponius, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 6 - 9 A.D.

In 6 AD., Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, was deposed and banished to Gaul by Augustus. Archelaus' part of his father's kingdom (including Judea, Samaria, Idumea and Archelais) was (except for Archelais) organized as a Roman Procuratorial Province.


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In 6 A.D., Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, was deposed and banished to Gaul by Augustus. Archelaus' part of his father's kingdom (including Judaea, Samaria, Idumea and Archelais) was (except for Archelais) organized as a Roman procuratorial province.
JD20372. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1328, RIC I 4954, Choice gVF, weight 1.844 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 6 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved right; reverse eight branched date palm tree bearing two bunches of dates, L - Λς (year 36); SOLD


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Date cultivation in Judea declined after the Roman period, especially during the Crusades, and completely collapsed due to climate change around the 14th century. The Judean Date Palm fell extinct. Excavations at Herod the Great's palace on Masada in 1963-1965 uncovered a cache of date palm seeds preserved in an ancient jar. Radiocarbon dating confirmed the seeds were from 155 B.C. to 64 A.D. In 2005, three of the seeds were planted. Eight weeks later one of the seeds sprouted. By summer 2010 the sapling, named Methuselah, stood about 2 meters tall. Methuselah is grown from the oldest known successfully germinated tree seed, and is also the only living representative of the once extinct Judean Date Palm. Methuselah flowered in March 2011 and is male. The palm may be crossbred with its closest extant relative, the Hayany date from Egypt, to generate fruit by 2022.
JD74845. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1328, RIC I 4954, VF, nice green patina, weight 1.892 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 6 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved right; reverse eight branched date palm tree bearing two bunches of dates, L - Λς (year 36); SOLD


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When the Romans invaded ancient Judea, thick forests of date palms up to 80 feet (24 m) high and 7 miles (11 km) wide covered the Jordan River valley from the Sea of Galilee in the north to the shores of the Dead Sea in the south. The tree so defined the local economy that Emperor Vespasian celebrated the conquest by minting the "Judaea Capta", a special bronze coin that showed the Jewish state as a weeping woman beneath a date palm. The Qur'an describes how Maryam (the Islamic parallel of Mary (mother of Jesus)) was advised to eat dates to ease her labor pains; presumably, this would have been a Judean date.
JD74844. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1328, RIC I 4954, aVF, green patina, off-center, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 6 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), barley head curved right; reverse eight branched date palm tree bearing two bunches of dates, L - Λς (year 36); SOLD







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THE PALM: THE PALM DEPICTED IS, OF COURSE, THE DATE PALM. THE TREE WAS A SYMBOL OF JUDEA WHERE PALM TREES GROW IN GREATER NUMBERS THAN THE SURROUNDING AREAS (THE ROMANS ALSO USED IT AS A SYMBOL OF JUDEA ON JUDAEA CAPTA COINS). THE PALM ALSO SYMBOLIZED ABUNDANCE AND PLENTY, DIGNITY, ROYAL HONOR, JUBILATION AND VICTORY, AND WAS USED IN RELIGIOUS PROCESSIONS.
Catalog current as of Saturday, March 25, 2017.
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Coponius