Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos I Nikator, 312 - 281 B.C.
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.SH76216. Silver , Unpublished; I 165(1) var. (controls), cf. I 169(a) ( ), VF, very high relief, , bumps and marks, of Zeus flatly struck, 17.143 g, maximum 25.6 mm, 90o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, c. 295 - 291 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣEΛEYKOY, Zeus enthroned left, nude to the waist, around hips and legs, right leg forward, feet on footstool, in right hand, long vertical behind in left, of facing (control symbol) on left, AP (primary control) under throne above strut, ΠA (secondary control) under strut; extremely , possibly unique - the only example known to ; $900.00 (€801.00)
Rhodes, Carian Islands, c. Mid 4th Century B.C.
This may be a fraction of the Pseudo-Rhodian "solar disk drachm" that suggests may be from Lampsakos under Memnon of Rhodes. Bronzes of a similar are now known.GS84169. Silver tetartemorion, Other than the two previous auction listings for this coin, apparently unpublished, VF, edge chip, 0.128 g, maximum 6.1 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, c. mid 4th century B.C.; facing of , delicate linear ring around; rose bloom; ex CNG e-auction 377 (29 Jun 2016), lot 130; ex Numismatik Naumann Auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 386; unique(?); $280.00 (€249.20)
Hierapolis-Kastabala, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Hierapolis-Kastabala was an ancient city in Pedias, three kilometers ancient Pyramus. Alexander the Great stopped at Kastabala before the Battle of Issus in 333 B.C. Antiochus IV refounded the city with the name . In the first century B.C., was the capital of a small local kingdom under the rule of the former Cilician pirate Tarcondimotus I, an ally of . referred to the city as Rome's most loyal ally beyond the and the best friend of the Roman people. The city was known for its temple of Perasia. Strabo wrote of her priestesses who, in a trance, would walk barefoot over hot coals without damage.GY73092. Bronze AE 15, cf. CNG e-auction 250, lot 112; otherwise apparently unpublished; -, SNG Levante-, SNGvA-, -, -, F, , highlighting "desert" , some corrosion, 2.776 g, maximum 15.4 mm, 90o, Hieropolis-Kastabola, mint, 2nd - 1st centuries B.C.; , draped of right, dotted ; standing left on torch, wings open, left, IEPOΠOΛITΩN above, ΠPOΣ TΩI ΠYPA[NA?] below; extremely ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 188 - 170 B.C.
was the ancient Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. The c. 3 gram on which this coin is struck, used by Rhodes and other Carian cities, is called 'Plinthophoric' for the square around the (plinthos = brick or ingot). The revived a characteristic more typical of the 5th century B.C.GS84891. Silver , , group A, 2; 1457 (C); -; -; -, gVF, , darker areas, porous, light marks and scratches, 2.578 g, maximum 15.5 mm, 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, ) mint, magistrate Aetion, c. 188 - 170 B.C.; of right; rose with bud right, a bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left, P - O across fields, ANTAIOΣ (magistrate) above, all within a shallow square; ex Numismatics e-sale 27 (28 May 2016), lot 245; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Philip V, 221 - 179 B.C.
Philip's reign was principally marked by an unsuccessful struggle against the emerging power of . Philip was attractive and charismatic as a young man. A dashing and courageous warrior, he was inevitably compared to Alexander the Great and was nicknamed the darling of all .GB83488. Bronze AE 25, 24a; 1110, 1181; 1258 ff. var. ( ), III/2 25 var. (same), aVF, nice sea-green , edge bump, edge split, marks, light corrosion, 13.892 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 180o, Macedonian mint, 183 - 182 B.C.; of right; winged thunderbolt, ∆I over BAΣIΛEΩΣ above , ΦIΛIΠΠOY below, all within oak ; $140.00 (€124.60)
Malaka, Punic Iberia, 175 - 91 B.C.
Phoenicians from Tyre founded Malaka (Málaga, Spain today) about 770 B.C. The name was probably derived from the Phoenician word for "salt" because fish was salted near the harbor. After a period of Carthaginian rule, Malaka became of the Roman Empire. The Roman city enjoyed remarkable development under a special law, the Lex Malacitana. A Roman theater was built at this time. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled first by the and then the (550–621). It was regained by the in 621 and ruled by them until the Umayyad Muslim conquest in 711.RP84866. Bronze AE 28, 786, 1727, CNH 9, 93, 357, aVF, double struck, encrustations, corrosion, ragged edge, 13.180 g, maximum 28.4 mm, 90o, Malaka (Málaga, Spain) mint, 175/150 - 100/91 B.C.; of Vulcan right, bearded and wearing conical cap, tongs behind, neo-Punic MLK outer left, all within laurel ; of facing; ex Numismatics ($175); $90.00 (€80.10)
Side, , 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Side was founded by Greeks from Cyme, , most likely in the 7th century B.C. The settlers started using the local language and over time forgot their native Greek. Excavations have revealed inscriptions written in this language, undeciphered, dating from as late as the 2nd century B.C. The name Side is from this indigenous Anatolian language and means pomegranate.GB90296. Bronze AE 18, p. 151, 70 (with same ); 411 (same); 750 ff.; 501; -, VF, unusually broad with full legends, nice green , flattened by countermarking, 2.667 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 0o, Side mint, 2nd - 1st century B.C.; of right, in crested Corinthian helmet; countermarks: facing of , helmeted of right, ΣI∆HTΩN horizontal above; advancing left, holding ; wearing long , around waist and left arm, pomegranate in left , ΣI∆H−TΩN horizontal above divided by Nike's ; ex Frascatius ; $80.00 (€71.20)
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