Lot of 81 Bronze Coins, Paphos, Cyprus, Time of Cleopatra VII, c. 35 B.C.
LT38166. Bronze Lot, 20 Cleopatrahemiobol; Bank of Cyprus 69; Paphos II 469 ff.; Hosking 68; Cox Curium 128; Michaelidou 35; Svoronos -; Weiser -, SNG Cop -, Fair to Fine, Paphos mint, c. 35 BC; obverse laureate head of Zeus; reverse statue of Zeus Salaminos standing, holding stalks of grain, star above (part of this statue has been recovered); actual coins in the photograph, as is, no returns; $520.00 (€390.00)
Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Paphos(?), Cyprus
Titus visited the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos in 69 A.D., when the future emperor was on his way to Egypt. He consulted the oracle of Aphrodite, and was told that he had a great future.
The 1.2 mm high gray-green conical stone, which once stood at the center of the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos, was found by archaeologists near the temple and is now in the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia. It is not a meteorite.
GP59007. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1809, F, encrustations, weight 5.636 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos(?) mint, obverse AYTOKPATΩP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head left; reverseETOYC NEOY IEPOY, temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, conical stone (xoanon) at center, Θ in ex; rare; $450.00 (€337.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
While the style is decent, the weight is 25% low and the core appears to be of baser metal. This is most likely a counterfeit struck at an ancient criminal mint.
SH90948. Fouree silver plated tetradrachm, cf. Svoronos 1580 (official, Kition mint, Cyprus, 140 - 139 B.C.), Paphos I 58 - 66 (same), SNG Cop 596 (same), VF, lamination edge flaw, weight 10.730 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, c. 140 - 116 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LΛA (year 31, appears as LΛΛ) left, KI (mintmark) right; $400.00 (€300.00)
Salamis, Cyprus, Evelthon, c. 560 - 520 B.C.
Evelthon is the first historically documented king of Salamis and the first king of Salamis to strike coins. Coins probably continued to be struck in his name after his death.
GS69897. Silver 1/12 siglos, Tziambazis 98, Bank of Cyprus 7, BMC Cyprus 9, SNG Cop 33, SGCV 3590, F, toned, weight 0.832 g, maximum diameter 9.9 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, c. 530 - 500 B.C.; obverse Cyprosyllabic inscription: elu, ram head right; reverse smooth blank; rare; $380.00 (€285.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) or Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 114 - 80 B.C.
After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP62519. Bronze AE 14, unpublished, cf. Svoronos 1696 (1 spec., 35mm), Cox Curium 119 (25mm), Weiser -, Hosking -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, weight 2.053 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, c. 114 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left, pesatos(?) with diadem and straps left; possibly unique; $270.00 (€202.50)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy VIIIEuergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.
The third specimen known to Forum. SNG Cop 601 is described as year 34, but the plate coin is clearly dated year 35. The reverse die is different from that of the Svoronons and Paphos I plate coins.
GP67616. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1589 (only 1 spec.); Paphos I, pl. X, 113; SNG Cop - (corr.); BMC Ptolemies -; SNG Milan -; Weiser -; Hosking -; Noeske -, VF detail, lamination defects, weight 12.356 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Kition mint, 137 - 136 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LΛ∆ (year 34) over star left, KI (mintmark) right; extremely rare; $220.00 (€165.00)
Cyprus, Time of Augustus, 27 B.C. - 14 A.D.
Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising sign. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority. Tiberius (born Nov. 13) was a Scorpio.
SH59392. Bronze AE 18, RPC I 3916, SNG Cop -, aVF, weight 2.854 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 315o, Cypriot mint, obverse capricorn right, star above; reverse scorpion left, star above; $205.00 (€153.75)
Salamis, Cyprus, Evagoras I, 411 - 374 B.C.
Evagoras claimed descent from Teucer, the son of Telamon and half-brother of Ajax. His family had long ruled Salamis. During his childhood Phoenicians took Salamis and he was exiled to Cilicia. He returned secretly in 410 with 50 followers and retook his throne. Expecting an eventual Persian attack, he cultivated the friendship of the Athenians. For a time, he also maintained friendly relations with Persia and secured the aid of Artaxerxes II for Athens against Sparta. He took part in the battle of Cnidus of 394 B.C. which he provided most of the resources for and in which the Spartan fleet was defeated thanks to his efforts, and for this service his statue was placed by the Athenians side by side with that of Conon in the Ceramicus. Relations with Persia deteriorated and from 391 they were at war. Aided by the Athens and Egypt, Evagoras extended his rule over the greater part of Cyprus, crossed over to Asia Minor, took several cities in Phoenicia (including Tyre), and persuaded the Cilicians to revolt. Under the peace of Antalcidas in 387, Athens abandoned him and recognized Persian lordship over Cyprus. The Persian generals Tiribazus and Orontes at invaded Cyprus in 385 B.C. Evagoras managed to cut off Persian resupplies and the starving troops rebelled. The war then turned in the Persian favor when Evagoras' fleet was destroyed at the Battle of Citium, and he was compelled to flee to Salamis. Here, although closely blockaded, Evagoras managed to hold his ground, and took advantage of a quarrel between the two Persian generals to conclude peace in 376. Evagoras was allowed to remain nominally king of Salamis, but in reality a vassal of Persia, to which he was to pay a yearly tribute. The chronology of the last part of his reign is uncertain. In 374 he was assassinated by a eunuch from motives of private revenge. He was succeeded by his son, Nicocles.
GS68007. Silver 1/12 siglos, Bank of Cyprus 9; BMC Cyprus p. 55, 44; cf. SNG Cop 42 (0.80, obol); Tziambazis 119 (0.27g, 1/48 siglos), VF, weight 0.355 g, maximum diameter 9.2 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis mint, 411 - 374 B.C.; obverse young male head right, curly short hair, dot circleborder; reverse smooth blank (as struck); rare; $180.00 (€135.00)
Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.
The date and reign of issue for this type are uncertain. Svoronos attributed it to Ptolemy IV but noted it may "belong to a later reign." Recent attributions span from Ptolemy VIII to Ptolemy X. Kreuzer suggests it is very similar to Svoronos 1426, from the Alexandria mint, with a cornucopia in place of the silphium plant.
GB65953. Bronze AE 20, Svoronos 1158 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 455 (2nd century B.C.); SNG Milan 447 (2nd century B.C.); Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 8.320 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right with ram's horn, wearing taenia and uraeus; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles with closed wings standing left on two thunderbolts, silphium plant in left field; rare; $160.00 (€120.00)
Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Cyprus
Immediately after Hadrian's death, Antoninus requested Marcus annul his betrothal to Ceionia Fabia to marry his daughter, Faustina. Marcus consented. Faustina's betrothal to Ceionia's brother LuciusCommodus was also annulled.
RP64090. Bronze provincial dupondius, cf. BMC Cyprus p. 84, 44 ff., SNG Cop 87, RPC online 5042, Fair, weight 26.793 g, maximum diameter 32.1 mm, die axis 150o, Cyprus mint, obverse AYT K T AIΛ A∆P − ANTΩNINOC CEB EV, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right; reverse M AYPHΛIOC KAI−[ΣAP YIO]C CEBAC, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust of Marcus AureliusCaesar right; big 32mm bronze; scarce; $155.00 (€116.25)
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