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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ CyprusView Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Cyprus

Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Lathyros, Reign as King of Cyprus, 101 - 88 B.C.

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Ptolemy IX Lathyros ("grass pea") was king of Egypt three times, 116 B.C. to 110 B.C., 109 B.C. to 107 B.C. and 88 B.C. to 81 B.C., with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. When this coin was struck Ptolemy IX ruled in Cyprus and Ptolemy X in Egypt.

Serifs are unique to just a few rare Ptolemaic coins from this time period. Perhaps all are the work of a single engraver. Serifs also appear on a very rare Kition tetradrachm of this ruler. They appear on the K behind the head of Arsinoe II on the latest of the octadrachms. The heavy-set portrait compares well to MFA 59.51, and not so well to images of Ptolemy I.
SH72904. Silver tetradrachm, apparently unpublished and unique!, VF, weight 13.234 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, as King of Cyprus, year 27, 91 - 90 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy IX right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on a thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, date LKZ (year 27) before, ΠA mint mark behind, all letters with serifs; $2020.00 (€1797.80)
 


Salamis, Cyprus, Euelthon (or Successors), c. 530 - 500 B.C.

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Little is recorded of Euelthon's reign. He dedicated a notable incense altar to Apollo at Delphi, which, Herodotus tells us stood in the Treasury of the Corinthians. He struck the first silver coinage of Cyprus. A ram or ram's head was used on obverse of the coins of the kings of Cyprus from Euelthon to Euagoras I.
GA83710. Silver obol, Bank of Cyprus 8; BMC Cyprus p. 47, 8 - 9; SNG Cop 33; Asyut -, VF, nice style, toned, scratches, edge bump, weight 0.883 g, maximum diameter 9.7 mm, Salamis mint, c. 530/520 - 500 B.C.; obverse ram's head left; reverse blank; rare; $500.00 (€445.00)
 


Titus, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Paphos(?), Cyprus

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Titus visited the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos in 69 A.D., when the future emperor was on his way to Egypt. He consulted the oracle of Aphrodite, and was told that he had a great future.

The 1.2 mm high gray-green conical stone, which once stood at the center of the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos, was found by archaeologists near the temple and is now in the Cyprus Museum in Nicosia. It is not a meteorite.
RP59007. Silver didrachm, RPC II 1809, F, encrustations, weight 5.636 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos(?) mint, obverse AYTOKPATΩP TITOC KAICAP, laureate head left; reverse ETOYC NEOY IEPOY, temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, conical stone (xoanon) at center, Θ in exergue; rare; $320.00 (€284.80)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus

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Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
GB72638. Bronze 1/8 obol, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, VF, weight 1.382 g, maximum diameter 12.1 mm, die axis 180o, Paphos mint, obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $215.00 (€191.35)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) or Ptolemy X Alexander, c. 114 - 80 B.C.

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After Ptolemy VIII died in 116 B.C., Cleopatra III ruled with her mother Cleopatra II and son Ptolemy IX. In 110 B.C., she replaced Ptolemy IX as co-regent with her second son Ptolemy X. Ptolemy IX regained the throne in 109 but was again replaced in 107 B.C. In 101 B.C., Ptolemy X had his mother Cleopatra III murdered, and then ruled alone or with his niece and wife, Berenice III.
GP62519. Bronze AE 14, unpublished, cf. Svoronos 1696 (1 spec., 35mm), Cox Curium 119 (25mm), Weiser -, Hosking -, Noeske -, Malter -, VF, weight 2.053 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, c. 114 - 80 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus-Ammon right; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEOΣ, eagle standing left, pesatos(?) with diadem and straps left; possibly unique; $190.00 (€169.10)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus

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Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
GP77444. Bronze 1/4 obol, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, aVF, porous, weight 1.539 g, maximum diameter 13.7 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY − BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $140.00 (€124.60)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros), c. 116 - 110 B.C.

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The date and reign of issue for this type are uncertain. Svoronos attributed it to Ptolemy IV but noted it may "belong to a later reign." Recent attributions span from Ptolemy VIII to Ptolemy X. Kreuzer suggests it is very similar to Svoronos 1426, from the Alexandria mint, with a cornucopia in place of the silphium plant.
GB65953. Bronze AE 20, Svoronos 1158 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 455 (2nd century B.C.); SNG Milan 447 (2nd century B.C.); Weiser -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 8.320 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Kyrene mint, c. 116 - 110 B.C.; obverse head of Zeus Ammon right with ram's horn, wearing taenia and uraeus; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, two eagles with closed wings standing left on two thunderbolts, silphium plant in left field; rare; $110.00 (€97.90)
 


Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy II Philadelphos, 285 - 246 B.C., Cyprus

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Cyprus became part of Alexander the Great's empire when he defeated Persia. After the succession struggles between Alexander's generals, Cyprus was ruled by the Ptolemies of Egypt.
GP90086. Bronze obol, Svoronos 363; BMC Ptolemies p. 14, 7; Mionnet VI 229, Weiser 8; Noeske 107; Cox Curium 69, Malter 55; SNG Milan 12; SNG Cop -; Hosking -, F, green patina with earthen encrustation, weight 10.040 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Salamis(?) mint, c. 285 - 274 B.C.; obverse head of Alexander the Great right, wearing elephant scalp headdress; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, EY over XAP monogram left; ex Rusty Romans; $75.00 (€66.75)
 


Macedonian Kingdom, Nikokreon of Salamis, Cyprus, c. 323 - 315 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great

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Struck by Nikokreon of Salamis in the name of King Alexander the Great. Salamis was a maritime town on the east coast of Cyprus, at the end of a fertile plain between two mountains, near the River Pediaeus. Nikokreon, the king of Salamis, along with the other princes of Cyprus, submitted to Alexander without opposition in 331 B.C. To pay homage, Nikokreon visited Alexander at Tyre where he distinguished himself by furnishing magnificence theatrical exhibitions for the Emperor. In the war between Antigonos and Ptolemy in 315 B.C., Nikokreon supported the latter and was rewarded by being placed in control of all Cyprus.
GB77989. Bronze 1/2 unit, Price 3158, Liampi Chronologie 170 - 192, SNG Cop 1125, Müller Alexander -, aVF, green patina, weight 3.915 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, Cyprus, Salamis mint, c. 323 - 315 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield, facing head of Medusa (gorgoneion) in center, five crescents and five groups of five pellets around; reverse crested Macedonian officer's helmet, flanked by B - A (BASILEWS ALEXANDROU, King Alexander), caduceus lower left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $50.00 (€44.50)
 


Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Cyprus

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From the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren.

On 24 Jan 138, Hadrian selected Antoninus as his new successor. After a few days' consideration, Antoninus accepted. He was adopted on 25 Feb. As part of Hadrian's terms, Antoninus adopted Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, the son of Lucius Aelius. The adoption of Marcus Aurelius was probably a suggestion of Antoninus himself, since he was the nephew of his wife. At Hadrian's request, Antoninus' daughter Faustina was betrothed to Lucius.
RP78031. Bronze provincial dupondius, cf. BMC Cyprus p. 85, 42 ff.; SNG Cop 85, aF, centered, scratches, corrosion, pitting, weight 22.836 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 180o, Cyprus mint, obverse AVT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTΩNINOC CEB EV, laureate head of Antoninus Pius right; reverse M AVPHΛIOC KAICAP VIOC CEBAC, bare-headed, draped bust of Marcus Aurelius Caesar right; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; BIG 33 mm bronze; rare; $50.00 (€44.50)
 







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REFERENCES

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Catalog current as of Thursday, August 25, 2016.
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Cyprus