, and , October 49 - 15 March 44 B.C.
"The coin that killed ." The declares is "Dictator for Life" and he wears the veil, symbolic of his life-term position as . would be both the and high priest of Rome for the remainder of his life, but his life would end only a few weeks after this coin was struck. For to put his image on coins and in effect declare himself was too much for and his republican allies. On the Ides of March (15 March) 44 B.C. was stabbed to death by as many as 60 conspirators, led by and Cassius. According to Plutarch, a seer had warned that harm would come to no later than the Ides of March. On his way to the Theater of Pompey, where he would be assassinated, passed the seer and joked, "The ides of March have come," meaning to say that the prophecy had not been fulfilled, to which the seer replied "Aye, ; but not gone." This meeting is famously dramatized in William Shakespeare's play , when is warned by the soothsayer to "beware the Ides of March."
Minted for Caesar's planned Parthian war, this was often carelessly struck indicating the mint was working under great pressure.SH84733. Silver ON RESERVE
, 480/13, 1074, 107d, 39, I Rome 4173, 1414, 56, VF, full centering on a broad , all on (highly desirable), , slightest , 3.685 g, maximum 20.1 mm, 45o, Rome mint, moneyer P Sepullius , Feb - Mar 44 B.C.; DICT PERPETVO, veiled and wreathed of right; P SEPVLLIVS , standing left, in extended right, long in left hand, at feet right; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; $2000.00 (€1780.00)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by Rome to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .
GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Augusta 146 - Winter 175/176 A.D., Wife of
(Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named , would decide. Each of the three finalists offered a bribe. promised he would rule the world. said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the of Sparta. awarded the golden to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.SH73705. , AP1388b; AP2147; p. 300, 30; 268; 4720, VF, nice , , , 24.039 g, maximum 35.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, struck under , 148 - 152 A.D.; FAVSTINAE AVG , draped right with bare, hair waved and coiled tied with double band of pearls on back of ; , standing half left, in right hand, grounded rudder in left hand, coiled around rudder, low across ; $490.00 (€436.10)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $330.00 (€293.70)
, 24 June 79 - 13 September 81 A.D., Paphos(?),
visited the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos in 69 A.D., when the future emperor was on his way to . He consulted the oracle of Aphrodite, and was told that he had a great future.
The 1.2 mm high gray-green conical stone, which once stood at the center of the Sanctuary of Aphrodite at Paphos, was found by archaeologists near the temple and is now in the Museum in Nicosia. It is not a meteorite. RP59007. Silver , 1809, F, encrustations, 5.636 g, maximum 21.0 mm, 0o, Paphos(?) mint, AYTOKPATΩP TITOC , laureate left; NEOY IEPOY, temple of Aphrodite at Paphos, conical stone ( ) at center, Θ in ; ; $250.00 (€222.50)
Katane, , c. 212 - 50 B.C.
In 212 B.C., after a two-year siege, despite defenses designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes, the Roman general Marcellus forced his way into . Although Marcellus wished to spare the Syracusans, he was unable to stop his soldiers from sacking the city. Archimedes was killed. Marcellus carried off the art treasures of to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which was to become common. GB66799. Bronze two chalkoi, III p. 110, 25; 1278; 563; 612 (R1); p. 51, 65 ; -, VF, 3.768 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 0o, Katane (Catania, , Italy) mint, c. 212 - 50 B.C.; laureate of right; KATA/NAIΩN, Aphrodite Hyblaia (or ?) standing right, wearing on , holding dove in extended right, II (2 chalkoi) right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Mytilene, , 400 - 350 B.C.
Mytilene on the southeast edge of , opposite the mainland, was founded about 1054 B.C. It was initially confined to a small island just offshore that later was joined to , creating a and south harbor. In the 7th century B.C., Mytilene successfully contested for the leadership of with Methymna, on the side of the island. Mytilene became the center of the island's prosperous eastern hinterland.GS76292. Silver , , p. 185, 8-14 var.; 368 var.; 7749 - 7750 var.; 1037 (R1) var.; 5670 var. (none with grapes), VF, nice , grainy surfaces, uneven , 1.290 g, maximum 11.7 mm, 180o, Mytilene mint, 400 - 350 B.C.; laureate of right; of Aphrodite right, hair rolled, MY behind, bunch of grapes (control symbol) lower left; very variety of a - we were unable to find another example with the grapes control symbol; $125.00 (€111.25)
Nagidos, , c. 420 - 380 B.C.
Nagidos, a colony of Samos, was located in on a at the mouth of the Sini Cay (Bozyazi Dere) near modern Bozyazi in Mersin Province, Turkey. Nagidos minted coins with a grape cluster as a symbol of the city, some with both Greek and Aramaic inscriptions, and one bearing the name of the Persian Pharnabazus. Aphrodite appears most often on the coins, indicating her sanctuary was the most important in the city. Alexander the Great conquered in 133 B.C. After his death, briefly came under Seleucid rule. About 270 B.C., the Ptolemaic Empire conquered . When the city of Arsinoe was founded on land claimed by Nagidos, the Nagidians refused to recognize the settlers. To resolve the dispute, Nagidos was designated as the mother city and the citizens of both shared a single citizenship. came under Seleucid rule in 197 B.C. Nagidos was abandoned in the middle of the second century B.C., possibly due to attacks by the Cilician pirates.
GS83594. Silver , 14, 4410, II 1505, 176 var. (N left), 3 var. (NAΓI), -, -, gVF, attractive , , small on edge, 0.72 g, maximum 10.9 mm, 90o, Nagidos (Bozyazi, Turkey) mint, c. 420 - 380 B.C.; of Aphrodite right, hair in ; bearded of Dionysos right, N right; $125.00 (€111.25)
Soloi, , c. 100 - 30 B.C.
(or Soloi) was a colony of Rhodes, founded c. 700 B.C. southwest of Tarsus, in . It was destroyed in the 1st century B.C., and refounded by as Pompeiopolis (not to be confused with the Pompeiopolis in ).GB57540. Bronze AE 26, cf. 1197, 872, -, aVF, 9.225 g, maximum 24.1 mm, 0o, Soloi mint, c. 100 - 30 B.C.; with winged in center; ΣOΛEΩN (below), Aphrodite riding bull right, owl before, above left; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, Augusta 13 March 222 - February or March 235 A.D.
After insulted him, ( ) shot with an arrow that caused him to fall in hopeless love with Daphne, a mortal woman. shot Daphne with an arrow which made her incapable of loving . Nevertheless pursued her, and out of desperation Daphne escaped by having herself turned into a laurel. Ever after, winners of the games to wore wreaths of laurel in of Apollo's Daphne.RB73718. Bronze , SA694, SA190, 62, 8232, VF, excellent portrait, attractive , , tiny , cleaning scratches, 13.843 g, maximum 30.2 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 224 A.D.; IVLIA , diademed and draped right; , standing facing, right, long vertical in right hand, seated facing her in her left hand, is naked, winged and extends his toward her, ( ) flanking across ; $100.00 (€89.00)
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