, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
In late summer or fall of 161, Vologases IV of captured the Roman client Kingdom of , expelled its and installed his own; Pacorus, an Arsacid like himself. In 162, began the war to recover and exact vengence. Rome recovered the Armenian capital Artaxata in 163. At the end of 163, took the title Armeniacus, despite having never personally seen combat. initially declined to accept the title, but accepted it in 164. Unfortunately the victorious army returned bringing a pandemic known as the Antonine Plague, which significantly depopulated and greatly weakened the Roman Empire.RB83578. , 1092; 890 ( & r.), 984 (same), 95, III 464, 5013, -, VF, on a , green , light scrape on high point, some corrosion, 23.68 g, maximum 31.6 mm, 0o, Rome mint, Dec 164 - Aug 165 A.D.; M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, laureate right; TR P XVIII , standing half right, transverse upward to right in both , mourning Armenian captive at feet on right, captive seated right with propped on right hand and left hand on ground, flanking low across ; $580.00 (€516.20)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D., Capta Issue
This celebrates the success of and in quelling the First Jewish Revolt. Coins commemorating this event are referred to as "Judaea Capta" issues. RIC lists this as common; we think in error. This is only the second example of the handled by in nearly two decades.RS84469. Silver , , 1, 1120; 243; 1488; 388; 297; 161; 2262, F, , scratches, 2.994 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 180o, ( , France) mint, 71 A.D.; IMP , laureate right; ( Defeated), Jewess standing left, draped, slightly bowed, tied in front of her, date tree behind her; ex with their round tag; ; $550.00 (€489.50)
Roman Republic, Servius Sulpicius, 51 B.C., Ancient Counterfeit
The probably refers to the naval of P. Sulpicius . The in during the First Macedonian War, in 210 B.C. he led the first Roman fleet into the Aegean Sea and captured , which was plundered and given to the Aetolians, allies of the Romans.RR83521. silver plated , 8, 931, 1553, 438/1 (official, solid silver, Rome mint, very ), VF, corrosion resulting in many small platting breaks, scratch in right , 3.807 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 180o, unofficial mint, c. 51 - 60 B.C.; laureate of , SER downward behind, upward before; Naval made of captured rudders, , oars, prows, and aplustres, between draped figure on left, nude Macedonian captive on right; very ; $280.00 (€249.20)
, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
This is apparently unpublished and this is the only example of the known to . This was used for very (both R5) issues of and . CNG e-auction 368, lot 496, is with this same , also 5th , but with on the left holding a on globe and .RL76392. , apparently unpublished, cf. 116 - 117 (for ) and 138 - 139 (for , issues of the Licinii), EF, excellent portrait, both sides slightly off-center, left side of weak, some , a few light marks, 2.773 g, maximum 19.0 mm, 180o, 5th , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, as , 320 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS IVN , laureate and left; (courage of the army), inscribed VOT / XX in two lines, two seated barbarian captives back-to-back flanking base, ( ) left, in ; ex Scott Collection; extremely ; $270.00 (€240.30)
, First Half 283 - Spring 285 A.D.
When this coin was struck in 282, was the Prince of Youth, full of promise. Later he would be remembered as one of the worst . This infamy is, however, likely fiction, supported by himself. For example, the (unreliable) Augusta has marrying nine wives, while neglecting to mention his only real wife, , by whom he had a son, Nigrinianus. After his death, Carinus' memory was officially condemned in the Roman proceeding known as . His name, along with that of his wife, was erased from inscriptions.RS71588. , IV 390 (LV 4227); , 2, 182; 97; 71; , p. 28; 12302, EF, most remains, and struck, nice portrait, some , 4.627 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 0o, 4th , Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 2nd issue as , 282 - 283 A.D.; CARINVS , , draped, and right; (to the Prince of Youth), standing left, globe in extended right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand, bound captive seated left at feet on left, QXXI in ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.
In 274, Rome greeted as Restitutor ("Restorer of the World") and accorded him a magnificent triumph ( procession), which was graced by his captives I and his son . Aurelian's conquests of the Palmyran Empire and reunited the Roman Empire.RA83500. , 1854, 73, 1503, 260, 257, VF, excellent centering, , 2.756 g, maximum 19.3 mm, 0o, 2nd , Rome mint, 11th issue, early - Sep 275 A.D.; IMP AVRELIANVS AVG, laureate and right; (the of the Emperor), walking left, extended in right, frond in left, bound captive in Parthian garb seated left on left at Victory's feet, turned back looking at , B in ; ; $200.00 (€178.00)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Adventus types commemorate the emperor's arrival at Rome, either at the commencement of his reign or on his return from a distance. They may also refer to his arrival in some other city or province of the empire. At their accession, emperors were not conveyed in a chariot nor in any other vehicle, but went on horseback or on foot when they made their first public entry into the capital of the Roman world.RA76277. , , 2, 166 (S); 69; 6; , pp. 55; 11953 var. (obv leg), aEF, magnificent armed , most remaining, perfect centering, some corrosion, 4.183 g, maximum 23.1 mm, 180o, Rome mint, emission 2, 277 A.D.; , , helmeted, and left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, oval on left shoulder; PROBI AVG, on horseback left, raising right hand in salute, long in left hand, horses' right foreleg raised over bound captive seated left, R in ; ; $160.00 (€142.40)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
It is no wonder this is . belonged to Licinius. In 321, Constantine pursued some Sarmatians, who had been ravaging territory in his realm, across the Danube into Licinius' territory. When he repeated this chasing Goths who had pillaged in , Licinius complained that Constantine had broken their treaty. Soon after this issue began, the co-emperors were at war. In 324, this same was struck for , who Licinius, after being defeated by Constantine at Adrianople, had appointed as his co-emperor and Constantine's nominal replacement in the .
The XIIΓ probably indicates that the was retariffed to 12 1/2 communes.RT76372. , p. 607, 43 (R4); 15950, 292; -, VF, excellent centering, cleaning scratches, light corrosion, 2.870 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 321 - 324 A.D.; IMP C FL VAL CONSTANTINVS , , draped, and right; (to the protector), standing facing, left, nude but for over left shoulder, on globe offering in his right hand, eagle-topped vertical in left, with in beak standing left on left, X/IIΓ on right above bearded captive at feet seated right with turned looking back at , SMNB in ; very ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
In 280 - 281, put down three usurpers, Julius Saturninus, and Bonosus. The extent of these revolts is not clear, but there are clues that they were not just local problems (an with the name of erased has been found as far as Spain). In 281, the emperor was in Rome, where he celebrated his triumph.RA79969. , , 2, 223; 766; , pp. 57-58/6; -; -, EF, perfect centering, bold , excellent portrait, much , die wear, 4.205 g, maximum 22.2 mm, 0o, 1st , Rome mint, emission 6, 281 A.D.; PROBVS , and right; ( over the Germans), of captured arms, flanked on each side at the base by a seated bound captive facing outward, R thunderbolt A in ; $150.00 (€133.50)
, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.
, the son of Maximinian, was made in rebellion against . He invited his father, who had abdicated, to resume rule. Although declared a public enemy at the Conference of Carnutum, he ruled Italy until at the Battle of Milvian Bridge he fell and drowned in the . His army was defeated by Constantine.RL74570. half , 61, 41 var. (2nd ), cf. 15035 (Rome), aVF, full circles strike on a broad , 3.362 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 180o, 1st , ( of Rome) mint, 309 - 312 A.D.; MAXENTIVS , helmeted and left, spear in right over shoulder, on left arm; (the eternal of our emperor), standing right, left foot on base of supporting on which she inscribes VOT / X, captive seated left, MOSTP in ; $145.00 (€129.05)
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