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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Justice & Equity||View Options:  |  |  | 

Justice: Equity (Dikaiosyne or Aequitas) and Punishment (Nemisis)

In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also a personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). She is depicted with a cornucopia and a balance suggesting Aequitas Augusti is a source of prosperity. Dikaiosyne is the Greek equivalent personification of justice and fair dealing.

Nemesis, the balancer of life, is the goddess of revenge, the avenger of crimes and punisher of wicked doers. She distributes fortune, good or bad, in due proportion to each according to what is deserved. She often holds a lorum, a long scarf worn by Roman magistrates, to symbolize her authority as judge, and scales or a cubit rule to measure each man's just deserts. The wheel of fate rests against her side.

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

|Nerva|, |as|
In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
SL95396. Copper as, RIC II 94, BnF III 126, Cohen II 10, BMCRE II 139, Hunter I 57, SRCV II -, NGC Ch VF, strike 4/5, surface 2/5 (5770030-003), weight 11.467 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Sept - Dec 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P II COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse AEQVITAS AVGVST (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across lower half of field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; NGC| Lookup; $200.00 SALE |PRICE| $180.00
 


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.

|Hadrian|, |denarius|NEW
Justitia is the Roman goddess or personification of justice. She was not depicted on many Roman coin types. Perhaps this coin would make a nice gift for a lawyer or judge!
RS94579. Silver denarius, RIC II-3 19 (R2); RSC II 875a; BMCRE III p. 238, 12; Hunter II 14; Strack II 5; SRCV II -, F, nice portrait, toned, tight flan, marks, tiny edge crack, weight 3.376 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 11 Aug - Dec 117 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES TRAIAN HADRIAN OPT AVG GER DAC, laureate bust right, bare chest (heroic bust), trace of drapery on far shoulder, balteus strap on right shoulder; reverse PARTHIC DIVI TRAIAN AVG F P M TR P COS P P, Justitia seated left on throne, patera in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, IVSTITIA in exergue; very rare; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00
 


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D.

|Otho|, |denarius|
 
SH75694. Silver denarius, RIC I 19 (R2), RSC II 9, BMCRE I 6, BnF III 22, SRCV I 2158, aEF, toned, die break on obverse, flan flaw on reverse, weight 3.526 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 9 Mar - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; obverse IMP OTHO CAESAR AVG TR P, bare head right; reverse PONT MAX (high priest), Aequitas standing left, scales in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left; from the Jyrki Muona Collection; ex New York Sale XXVIII (5 Jan 2012), lot 1063; rare; SOLD







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REFERENCES

Posnansky, H. Nemesis und Adrasteia. (Koebner, 1890).
Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 20, 2020.
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