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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Greece ▸ EuboiaView Options:  |  |  |   

Euboia, Greece

Euboia, separated from the mainland of Greece by the narrow Euripus channel, is the second largest Greek island, after Crete. It was an important source of grain and cattle. Euboia's two principal cities, Chalcis and Eretria, both were Ionian settlements from Attica. Their early importance is shown by their numerous colonies in Magna Graecia, Sicily, and Macedonia. In 490 B.C., Eretria was utterly ruined and its inhabitants transported to Persia. It was restored after the Battle of Marathon, but it never regained its former eminence. In 506 B.C., Athens defeated Chalcis, established 4,000 Attic settlers, and reduced the island to dependence. In 446 B.C., when Euboia endeavored to throw off the yoke, it was reduced by Pericles. In the north, the inhabitants of Histiaea were expelled and replaced by settlers. The Athenians recognized its importance, for supplying them with grain and cattle and, because of its proximity to the coast of Attica, for securing their commerce against piracy. In 410 B.C. the island regained its independence. After this Euboia took sides with other leading states, until, after the Battle of Chaeronea, it passed to Philip II of Macedon, and finally to Rome.Central Greece


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 245 - 196 B.C.

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Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68837. Bronze AE 13, BCD Euboia 218; Picard Emission 47; BMC Central p. 113, 77; SNG Cop 445; HGC 4 1490 (S), F, green patina, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 180o, Chalkis mint, c. 245 - 196 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, XAΛ above, tripod (control symbol) right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "Mid 90's ex central Greece, SFr. 45."; $30.00 (€25.50)
 


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 290 - 271 B.C.

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Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68835. Bronze AE 12, BCD Euboia 207 var. (legend error), Picard Emission 41a var. (same), HGC 4 1489 var. (same), SNG Cop -, BMC Central -, aF, weight 2.210 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, Chalkis mint, c. 290 - 271 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, XΛA (sic) above right, kerykeion (control symbol) right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "C.C. Dec. 88, 2000 drs."; $29.00 (€24.65)
 


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 245 - 196 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68834. Bronze AE 13, BCD Euboia 211; Picard Emission 44a; BMC Central p. 113, 76; HGC 4 1490 (S); SNG Cop -, aF, well centered, weight 1.605 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, Chalkis mint, c. 245 - 196 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, XAΛ above, herm (control symbol) right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "From the Peirese auction of 25 Nov. 1995, part of lot 81, the lot of 67 pcs. for FF 1200+12%."; second anonymous auction tag with lot number 759, dated 13-1-70; $28.00 (€23.80)
 


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 245 - 196 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68838. Bronze AE 13, BCD Euboia 212; Picard Emission 44b; BMC Central p. 113, 76; HGC 4 1490 (S); SNG Cop -, aF, green patina, weight 1.699 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis mint, c. 245 - 196 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, herm (control symbol) left, XAΛ downward on right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "Ex central Greece, mid 90's, SFr. 35.-"; $26.00 (€22.10)
 


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 338 - 196 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68836. Bronze AE 14, cf. HGC 4 1487 ff., aF, weight 1.610 g, maximum diameter 13.8 mm, Chalkis mint, c. 338 - 196 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, XAΛ above, uncertain control symbol right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "Mid 90's ex central Greece, SFr. 30.-"; $24.00 (€20.40)
 


Roman Military in Macedonia, c. 168 B.C., Imitative of Type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece

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Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. This Histiaia type tetrobol is almost certainly one of the imitatives struck in Macedonia by the Roman military.
RP74734. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following 2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, aVF, rough, weight 1.559 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 330o, Roman military mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of a galley holding naval standard, ornate apluster; $24.00 (€20.40)
 


Roman Military in Macedonia, c. 168 B.C., Imitative of Type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece

Click for a larger photo
Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. This Histiaia type tetrobol is almost certainly one of the imitatives struck in Macedonia by the Roman military.
BB74762. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following 2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, aVF, toned, bumps and marks, tight flan, weight 1.144 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 30o, Roman military(?) mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of a galley holding naval standard, ornate apluster; $24.00 (€20.40)
 


Chalkis, Euboia, Greece, c. 338 - 196 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Ancient Chalkis (also Khalkís or Chalcis), in eastern Greece on the strait of Evripos near Athens, is today the capital of Euboea. The ancient city, inhabited by Ionians, was an important commercial and industrial center. In the 8th and 7th centuries B.C., Chalkis established colonies in Macedonia (giving its name to the peninsula of Chalcidice) and in Sicily. It was successively thereafter an Athenian, a Macedonian, and a Roman possession.
GB68833. Bronze AE 15, cf. HGC 4 1487 ff., aF, rough, weight 2.014 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis mint, c. 338 - 196 B.C.; obverse diademed and draped bust of Hera facing slightly to right, diadem ornamented with discs and dangling fillets; reverse eagle flying right, carrying snake in its talons, XAΛ above, uncertain control symbol right; ex BCD with his handwritten tag noting, "Mid 90's ex central Greece, SFr. 30.-"; $19.00 (€16.15)
 


Roman Military in Macedonia, c. 168 B.C., Imitative of Type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece

Click for a larger photo
Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. This Histiaia type tetrobol is almost certainly one of the imitatives struck in Macedonia by the Roman military.
RP74738. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following 2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, aF, toned, rough, weight 1.722 g, maximum diameter 13.02 mm, die axis 330o, Roman military mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of a galley holding naval standard, ornate apluster; $16.00 (€13.60)
 


Roman Military in Macedonia, c. 168 B.C., Imitative of Type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece

Click for a larger photo
Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. This Histiaia type tetrobol is almost certainly one of the imitatives struck in Macedonia by the Roman military.
BB74764. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following 2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, F, toned, bumps and marks, porosity, weight 1.760 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 135o, Roman military mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on stern of a galley holding naval standard, ornate apluster; $16.00 (€13.60)
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Picard, O. Chalcis et la Confédération Eubéenne. (Paris, 1979).
Price, M.J. & N. Waggoner. Archaic Greek Silver Coinage, The "Asyut" Hoard. (London, 1975).
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Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
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Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 3: Akarnanien-Bithynien. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, France, Bibliothèque National, Collection Jean et Marie Delepierre. (Paris, 1983).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Greece 6, The Alpha Bank Numismatic Collection, From Thessaly to Euboea. (Athens, 2011).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, Burton Y. Berry Collection, Part 1: Macedonia to Attica. (New York, 1961).
Wallace, W.P. The Euboian League and its Coinage. ANSNNM 134 (1956).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, February 19, 2019.
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Euboia, Greece