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These very small fractions always weigh less than the theoretical weight for the denomination. They were often struck significantly below the theoretical weight. Wear, corrosion and porosity have usually further reduced the weight over time. They may even weigh less than half their theoretical weight. Assigning the denomination during attribution is often speculative.GA85721. Silver obol, SNG BnF 378; SNG Cop 48; SNG Kayhan 55; BMC Mysia p. 35, 118; Von Fritze II 11, gVF, sharp detail, lightly etched surfaces, earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 0.798 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 270o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, c. 450 - 400 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, reversed E on side, tunny fish upwards behind (tunny off flan); reversehead of roaring lion left within incuse square; $150.00 (€127.50)
Klazomenai, Ionia, c. 499 - 494 B.C.
Klazomenai (or Clazomenae) was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia and a member of the Ionian League. It was one of the first cities to issue silver coinage. Its ruins are now located in the modern town Urla near Izmir in Izmir Province, Turkey.GA85719. Silver diobol, SNGvA 1984, SNG Tübingen 455, SNG Cop 7, SNG München -, BMC Ionia -, VF, toned, scratches, porosity, edge cracks, weight 1.049 g, maximum diameter 11.2 mm, die axis 0o, Klazomenai (near Urla Turkey) mint, c. 499 - 494 B.C.; obverse forepart of a winged boar right, A above; reverse quadripartite incuse square; scarce variety; $130.00 (€110.50)
Arpi, Apulia, Italy, c. 325 - 275 B.C.
Arpi was located 20 miles inland, 5 miles north of modern Foggia. Its territory extended to the sea, and Strabo says that from the extent of the city walls one could gather that it had once been one of the greatest cities of Italy. Legend attributed its foundation to Diomedes. The figure of a horse, which appears on its coins, shows the importance of horse-breeding in the district. As a protection against the Samnites, Arpi became an ally of Rome. In the war with Pyrrhus, the Arpi aided Rome with a contingent of 4000 infantrymen and 400 cavalrymen. Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae. The consul Quintus Fabius Maximus captured it in 213 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty.GI76339. Bronze AE 21, HN Italy 642, SNG ANS 635, SNG Cop 603, SNG Munchen 438, SNG BnF 1228; BMC Italy p. 130, 4; SGCV I 569, gF, green patina, irregular flan with sprues, a little rough, scratches, weight 5.940 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, c. 325 - 275 B.C.; obverse laureate and bearded head of Zeus left, thunderbolt behind; reverse Kalydonian boar right, spear head right above, APΠANΩN in exergue; $100.00 (€85.00)
Macedonian Kingdom, Amyntas III, 393 - 370 or 369 B.C.
Amyntas III, son of Arrhidaeus and father of Philip II, was king of Macedon in 393 BC, and again from 392 to 370 BC. In 393, he was driven out by the Illyrians, but in the following year, with the aid of the Thessalians, he recovered his kingdom. He is historically considered the founder of the unified Macedonian state. He was also a paternal grandfather of Alexander the Great.GB83702. Bronze dichalkon, SNG ANS 97; SNG Alpha Bank 231; BMC Macedonia p. 172, 9; Westermark Macedonian 2; Weber 2034; SNG Cop -; Lindgren -, F, green patina, small edge split, weight 2.288 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 270o, Macedonia, Aigai or Pella mint, 393 - 370/369 B.C.; obversehead of Herakles right clad in lion skin headdress; reverse AMY-NT-A, boar forepart right, club above; ex Sayles & Lavender; rare; $100.00 (€85.00)
Kyzikos, Mysia, 480 - 450 B.C.
Cyzicus was one of the great cities of the ancient world. During the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.) Cyzicus was subject to the Athenians and Lacedaemonians alternately. In the naval Battle of Cyzicus in 410, an Athenian fleet completely destroyed a Spartan fleet. At the peace of Antalcidas in 387, like the other Greek cities in Asia, it was made over to Persia. Alexander the Great captured it from the Persians in 334 B.C.GA84061. Silver trihemiobol, SNG BnF 361; SNG Cop 45; BMC Mysia, p. 34, 108; SGCV II 3846, F, dark toning, tight flan, edge split, weight 1.210 g, maximum diameter 10.3 mm, die axis 180o, Kyzikos (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 480 - 450 B.C.; obverse forepart of boar running left, tunny fish upwards behind; reverse roaring lionhead left, within incuse square; ex-Tom Cederlind; $80.00 (€68.00)
Celtic, Senones, Gaul (Area of Sens, France), c. 100 - 50 B.C.
In about 400 B.C. the Senones crossed the Alps and, having driven out the Umbrians, settled on the east coast of Italy from Forlì to Ancona (ager Gallicus), and founded Sena Gallica (Senigallia) their capital. In 391 B.C., they invaded Etruria and besieged Clusium. The Clusines appealed to Rome, which led to war. In 390 B.C. (or 387 B.C.), the Senones routed the Roman army at Allia and then sacked Rome. For more than 100 years the Senones were engaged in hostilities with Rome. They were finally subdued in 283 B.C. by P. Cornelius Dolabella and driven from Italy. In Gaul, from 53 to 51 B.C., the Senones engaged in hostilities with Julius Caesar, brought about by their expulsion of Cavarinus, whom he had appointed their king. In 51 B.C., a Senonian named Drappes threatened the Provincia, but was captured and starved himself to death. Their chief towns were Agedincum (later Senones, whence Sens), Metiosedum (Melun?), and Vellaunodunum (site uncertain).CE85976. Cast potin, CCCBM III 433 & S459, Delestrée-Tache 2645, De La Tour 7445, ScheersTraité 793, Scheers S-M 384, VF, weight 2.892 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, obversehead right, with wild hair; reverseboar standing right, three pellets below; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)