, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
In Greek mythology, the Sirens were dangerous creatures, who lured nearby sailors with their enchanting music and voices to shipwreck on the rocky coast of their island. In early Greek art, Sirens were represented as birds with large women's heads, bird feathers, and scaly feet. Later, they were represented as female figures with the legs of birds, with or without wings, playing a variety of musical instruments, especially harps. Later Sirens were sometimes depicted as beautiful women, whose bodies, not only their voices, were seductive.
SH84464. hemihekte, Unpublished in major references; Naville auction VII (1924), Collection, lot 1435; CNG, XI (8 Jan 2008), lot 253, aEF, , earthen deposits, 1.367 g, maximum 8.8 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; siren standing left; square punch; ex Numismatica Ars Classica, auction 92, 2 (24 May 2016), lot 1476; this is not published in the major references but many examples are known from auctions; ; $1440.00 (€1281.60)
, c. 600 - 550 B.C.
The referenced XIV coin is similar, but from different dies, and the only other coin of this known to .SH84465. 1/24 , Unpublished in references; Classical Numismatic Group, XIV (4 Jan 2011), lot 309 ($1800 plus fees), VF, on a , edge cracks, 0.630 g, maximum 7.1 mm, , uncertain mint, c. 600 - 550 B.C.; cock standing left; quadripartite square punch; extremely ; $1350.00 (€1201.50)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG II
This may have been II , disbanded by . The well-known II Augusta, which took in the conquest of Britain and was later stationed in South Wales, was one of Octavian's legions, and so not likely to be the Second Legion referred to on this coin. Other Second Legions (Adiutrix, , Parthica and Traiana) were raised much later in imperial times.
SH85060. Silver , 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27, 349, EF, bold strike on a , light marks, small edge cracks, 3.875 g, maximum 17.0 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - II, ( ) between two legionary standards; ex & Mosch auction 244, lot 441; $1000.00 (€890.00)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32. This coin was struck around the time of Alexanders' death, in the city where he died, Babylon.
After Mazaeus died in 328 B.C., Alexander appointed Stamenes as of Babylon. Little is known about him, other than he probably died of natural causes around 323 B.C. when of replaced him. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds.
SH85059. Silver , 3673, 672, 4467, EF, , and struck, , high relief, , some bumps and marks, 17.214 g, maximum 26.7 mm, 90o, Babylon mint, struck by Stamenes or , c. 323 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; Zeus enthroned left, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), feet on footstool, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, tiny M lower left, ΦIΛH below strut, AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward behind, BAΣIΛEΩΣ below; ex & Mosch auction 244, lot 176; $900.00 (€801.00)
Athens, , Old , c. 454 - 404 B.C.
The old-style of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl . Around 480 B.C. a of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the , a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War.
GS85068. Silver , 31, 49, 8, 1611, 519, 1597, 1611, 2526, VF, attractive archaic , well struck, , some marks and bumps, small edge cracks, 17.101 g, maximum 23.8 mm, 270o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; of right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; AΘE right, owl standing right, facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, all within square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $900.00 (€801.00)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.,
Caesar's old Gallica was not disbanded and later became the Augusta; however, that legion was associated with rather than Antony.
SH85063. Silver , 544/21, 1225, II East 199, 35, EF, off center, 3.830 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - , ( ) between two legionary standards; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1560; $875.00 (€778.75)
Plarasa and Aphrodisias, , 1st Century B.C.
During the middle of the second century B.C., the neighboring towns of Plarasa and Aphrodisias united, forming a single community. The union was undoubtedly approved and probably encouraged by to improve their security. The order of the names indicates Plarasa was the dominant community when the agreement was made. At that time Aphrodisias may have been little more than a small village with a sanctuary to Aphrodite. By the middle of the first century B.C., however, Aphrodisias was the prominent partner. Sometime during the reign of , the name Plarasa was dropped. The is apparently that of a late Roman Republican .GS84797. Silver , 2 (O2/R3), I 13 (same dies), 2434 (different dies), cf. p. 27 (illegible), -, aVF, die break behind on , scratches, polished, almost all of is off or unstruck, 3.478 g, maximum 17.1 mm, 0o, Aphrodisias-Plarasa mint, pseudo-automomous, 1st century B.C.; of Aphrodite right, veiled and draped, wearing , earring and necklace; ΠΛAPAΣEΩN KAI AΦPO∆EIΣEIΩN (or similar, none known with end of legible), standing right on thunderbolt, right, wings open, MY/ΩN in two lines in left , ΞE/NO/KPA/THΣ / ME/NAN/∆PO/Y (magistrate Xenokrates ) in nine lines in right ; extremely ; $750.00 (€667.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleucus I Nikator, 312 - 280 B.C.
Seleukos (Seleucus) founded the Seleukid Empire and the Seleukid dynasty which ruled until Pompey made it a Roman province in 63 B.C. Seleukos was never one of Alexander the Great's principal generals but he commanded the royal bodyguard during the Indian campaign. In the division of the empire after Alexander's death Seleukos did not receive a satrapy. Instead, he served under the regent Perdikkas until the latter's murder in 321 or 320. Seleukos was then appointed of . Five years later Monophthalmus (the One-eyed) forced him to flee, but he returned with support from Ptolemy. He later added and Media to his territory and defeated both and . He was succeeded by his son Antiochus I.
SH85058. Silver , I 82.5b, 3747, 734, gVF, high relief, attractive , some die wear, bumps and marks, 17.129 g, maximum 27.2 mm, 135o, Babylon I mint, 311 - 300 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; Zeus on throne, right leg drawn back, in right, long in left hand, MI under throne, in in left , AΛEΞAN∆POY (Alexander) downward on right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ ( ) below; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1213; $750.00 (€667.50)
, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of and a dancer, Philinna of . Alexander the Great's mother, , allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.
SH85062. Silver , 113, 224, issue H3, 682, 275, 503, 986, VF, and struck, , light marks and scratches, 17.205 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 0o, , Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime ), in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet left; ex & Mosch auction 245, lot 1209; $675.00 (€600.75)
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