, I Monophthalmus or II Gonatus, 306 - 270 B.C.
Unpublished in the references and not yet fully attributed, this is only the second specimen of this extremely and important known to . Both specimens were struck with the same die. & Mosch wrote of their specimen: "Troxell recorded a very issue of Alexandrine tetradrachms in the name of Gonatas (The Peloponnesian Alexanders, 17, 1971, 75-6, note 68), which through hoard evidence was conclusively proven to be struck at circa 272 (see R. W. , Gonatas and the Silver Coinages of Macedon circa 280-270 BC, 26, 1981, pp. 79-123, esp. p. 104). However, this unique has no controls that would explicitly tie it to the mint tetradrachms, and even more perplexing is the of the engraving, which is clearly dissimilar to the tetradrachms as well. One might suppose that it is in fact not a coin of Gonatas at all, but rather a hitherto unknown of his grandfather, Antigonos I Monophthalmos. However, this also does not sit well, again for reasons of , which is inconsistent with the period of Monophthalmos' reign. For the time being, therefore, this coin must remain a numismatic enigma until further evidence can shed additional light on it."
There are two auction records for the & Mosch specimen: Numismatics auction 7 (22 Mar 2014), lot 454, sold for £ 4,800 plus fees; and & Mosch auction 203 (5 Mar 2012), lot 150, sold for € 3,200 plus fees. Our coin sold at Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, (4 May 2014), lot 152, apparently slipping through unnoticed by all but our astute consignor for € 575 plus fees.SH71048. Silver , unpublished in refs; cf. Numismatics auction 7, lot 454 (same rev die) = & Mosch auction 203, lot 150, VF, struck a bit flat, 3.845 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, uncertain or mint, 306 - 270 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIΓONOY, Zeus Aetophoros enthroned left, throne with high back, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back; ex Gitbud & Naumann auction 16, lot 152; extremely , only two know specimens; $1950.00 (€1735.50)
Armenian Kingdom, Tigranes V (Herodian Tigranes I), c. 6 - 12 A.D.
"The reign of Tigranes V has generally been described as uneventful; his coins are similarly unremarkable. They do not commemorate any historical or military events but merely copy designs common to the Seleucid and autonomous city coinage of , , and . The standing Herakles/Vahagn, which was employed extensively by Tigranes the Great (CCA, 99-103), would have had particular appeal for the Phoenician population, as well as the Armenian." -- Frank L. Kovacs in "Tigranes IV, V, and VI: New Attributions"SH76981. Bronze two chalkoi, 6, ACV 158 (Tigranes IV), 153 (same), VF, portrait, nice green , old scratch on , 5.606 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 0o, (?) mint, c. 6 - 12 A.D.; heavily bearded of Tigranes IV right, wearing Armenian ; BAΣIΛEΩC TIΓPANOY MEΓAΛOY, Herakles-Vahagn standing slightly left, nude, right hand resting on grounded club, skin draped over left arm; ex Pecunem Numismatik Naumann auction 34 (2 Aug 2015), lot 496 ( realized €522.50 including fees); ; $670.00 (€596.30)
, Philip III Arrhidaeus and Alexander IV, 323 - 317 B.C.
This coin was struck under one of the Macedonian satraps in Babylon: , Dokimos, or Seleukos I. Perdiccas suspected of colluding in the theft of Alexander's corpse and, in 321 B.C., sent Dokimos to replace him. was defeated and died from battle wounds. Seleucus, made by Perdiccas rival Antipater, arrived in Babylon in October or November 320 B.C. and defeated Dokimos.SH73195. Silver , 3697, 1542, -, VF, 17.067 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 135o, Babylon mint, , Dokimos, or Seleukos I, c. 323 - 317 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, of facing on left, KY under throne; ; $540.00 (€480.60)
Kephaloidion, , c. 307 - 289 B.C.
Kephaloidoion, on Cape Cefalu, was under the influence of nearby Himera until c. 405 B.C. In 396 B.C., the town allied with General Himilco of against Dionysos of but was defeated. Agathocles besieged and conquered the city in 307 B.C. Kephaloidion was again allied with at the beginning of the First Punic War but the citizens opened the gates when the Roman fleet appeared off the in 254 B.C. The city faded but survived at least into the second century A.D.GI76952. Bronze AE 17, I, p. 371, 1; 649 (R2); -; -; -; -, VF, green , light marks, off center, 4.367 g, maximum 16.8 mm, 135o, Kephaloidion (Cefalu, ) mint, c. 344 - 336 B.C. (references vary greatly); KEΦAΛOI∆I, Herakles right, wearing scalp headdress; bull butting right, club above, linear ; very ; $500.00 (€445.00)
Odessos, , c. 125 - 70 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Odessus surrendered to Alexander the Great in 335 B.C. Rule passed to his diadochus , but in coalition with other Pontic cities and the Getae, Odessus rebelled in 313 B.C. After Lysimachus' death in 281, the city reverted to striking in the types and name of Alexander the Great and continued to strike Alexandrine tetradrachms until at least 70 B.C.SH63508. Silver , 1179, VF, , 15.721 g, maximum 29.8 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 70 B.C.; of Herakles right, wearing lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, in right, long vertical in left, ∆H under arm, below throne; $360.00 (€320.40)
Maionia, , 161 - 180 A.D.
was queen of the kingdom of , the wife of , the oak-clad mountain of . After he was gored to death by a bull, she continued to reign on her own.
bought Herakles from , who sold him after an oracle declared must be sold into slavery for three years. had sought the oracle to learn what he must do to purify himself, after he murdered his friend Iphitus and stole the Delphic tripod. As a slave, Herakles was forced to do women's and even wear women's clothing and hold a basket of wool while and her maidens did their spinning. Meanwhile, wore the skin of the and carried Herakles' olive-wood club. But it was also during his stay in that Herakles captured the city of the Itones and enslaved them, killed Syleus who forced passersby to hoe his vineyard, and captured the Cercopes. He buried the body of Icarus and took in the Calydonian and the Argonautica. After some time, freed Herakles and took him as her husband.
The Greeks did not recognize as a goddess. Omphale's name, connected with , a Greek word meaning navel (or ), may, however, represent a Lydian earth goddess. Herakles' servitude and marriage may represent the servitude of the sun to the of the celestial sphere, the spinners being Lydian versions of the Moirae. This myth may have been and attempt to explain why the priests of Herakles wore female clothing.GB83463. Bronze AE 19, 222; 3011; 302; p. 129, 17, VF, , , light marks and corrosion, 4.380 g, maximum 18.9 mm, 0o, Maeonia mint, rule of , 161 - 180 A.D.; bearded of Herakles left; MAIONΩN, advancing right, holding lion's skin and club across shoulder; $350.00 (€311.50)
, , Pyrrhus of , 278 - 276 B.C.
This combination of control is not listed in the references examined. The control symbol is normally paired with a (thunderbolt) on the . The vertical trident control symbol is normally paired with a club on the .SH73164. Bronze AE 26, II p. 325, 177 Ds 69 var. (club vice cornucompia); 810 var.; 844 ff. var.; 1333 ff. var.; 1450 (S), VF, nice , nice , broad , edge split, 11.274 g, maximum 26.0 mm, 90o, mint, 278 - 276 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of Herakles left, clad in lion-skin headdress, (control symbol) behind; Promachos advancing right, helmeted and draped, hurling javelin with raised right hand, in left hand, no , vertical trident upward (control symbol) behind; variety; $320.00 (€284.80)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right hand, long vertical behind in left hand, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $300.00 (€267.00)
, , Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of and later most of . Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow.GI76945. Bronze , II p. 287, 150 Ds 14 Rs 63; p. 196, 391; 740; 767; 1465 var. (R1, 4th Democracy, different controls), aEF, dark sea-green , light marks, small spots of light corrosion, with ragged edge splits, 8.501 g, maximum 26.1 mm, 315o, mint, 305 - 295 B.C.; ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, of young Herakles left, wearing , (control symbol) behind neck; walking right, right foreleg raised, club right above, arrow right (control symbol) in ; $300.00 (€267.00)
, "Thasian" , c. 148 - 80 B.C.
This Dionysos / Herakles was first struck by Thasos itself on the island and in its continental territories in the South of the Balkans, c. 168 - 148 B.C. After Rome took control of the , "Thasian" types were struck by Roman authorities, c. 148 - 80 B.C., mainly in but also, perhaps, by mobile military mints on campaigns. Imitatives were also struck by at least several tribal groups (mainly or mixed enclaves) from as early as 120 - 100 B.C. to about 20 - 10 B.C.GS79630. Silver , , group XII, 6, 743 (O AC8 / R 592); 1040 ff., VF, , bumps and marks, die wear, 16.745 g, maximum 32.8 mm, 0o, Roman provincial or military mint, c. 148 - 80 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing and wreathed in flowering ivy; HPAKΛEOYΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ ΘAΣIΩN, Herakles standing half left, nude but for Nemean lion's skin on left arm, resting right hand on grounded club before him, left hand on hip, MH inner left; $300.00 (€267.00)
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