, Frankish , Principality of Achaea, William of Villehardouin, 1246 - 1278
From the collection of , former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex A.J. Seltman Collection.
William of Villehardouin became Prince of Achaea when his brother Geoffrey II died in 1246. He conquered the remaining territory and built the fortress of Mistra near Sparta. In 1249 he accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, joining him in with 400 knights and 28 ships. Louis gave him a license to mint coins in the of royal French money. William defeated Venice in the War of the Euboeote Succession and defeated the Duke of Athens in 1258, reaffirming his power over the duchy. In 1259 he formed an with the Despotate of against Nicaea. He led the Achaean forces against the Nicaeans, but the Epirote army deserted and William was defeated. He fled and hid under a haystack, but was captured. He remained captive until 1262 and permanently lost all his power.
CR85307. , GV223; 10b, VF, , strike a little weak, 0.791 g, maximum 18.6 mm, Glarentza mint, +•G•PRINCE ACh, ; •+'CLARENCIA, castle tournois; Ex C. Subak (Chicago, Sep 1975); $130.00 (€115.70)
, Kingdom of , James I, 1382 - 1398
The Parliament of named James while he was captive in Genoa. To gain his release James agreed to new privileges for Genoese merchants and accepted Genoese sovereignty over the captured city of Famagusta, something that no previous had conceded. Until he was released, was governed by 12 nobles. Some of them opposed his return. In April 1385, James returned to and was welcomed at Nicosia with great enthusiasm. He was crowned in May 1385 in Saint Sophia Cathedral. After his crowning, his opponents were arrested and punished. He was crowned of Jerusalem in 1389. In 1393, of died, and James assumed the title of of . He was formally given the title in 1396. That kingdom was by now reduced to the city of Korikos, which had been in Cypriot since its conquest by I of . Upon his death, James was succeeded by his son .
ME85300. denier, 113a; 797; VII 9, aVF, , light corrosion, edge crack, tiny hole, legends difficult to read as usual for the , 0.743 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Nicosia mint, May 1385 - 9 Sep 1398; + IAQVE ROI DE, of rampant left; + IERV3ALEm D, ; ex C. Subak (Chicago, Sep 1975); $80.00 (€71.20)
, Principality of Antioch, Late Anonymous, 1250 - 1268
From the collection of , former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." See p. 197 for a discussion of the late anonymous series.
Ex John J. . Mr. was in the American diplomatic service in the and collected and unique coins in the early 1960's.
Antioch existed for over 1500 years, it was one of the three most important cities in the ancient world, and in the 1st century had a population of 500,000 (not counting women and slaves). On 18 May 1268, Antioch surrendered to Baibars on the condition that the lives of the citizens would be spared. As soon as his troops were within the gates, Baibars ordered the gates shut and brutally massacred everyone in the city. Lamenting that Antioch's ruler had not been present either for the siege or the ransacking and murder, Baibars wrote a detailed letter describing exactly what had been done, concluding with the phrase, "Had you been there, you would have wished you had never been born."
Historically of great importance, this coin was minted in the last throngs of the city of Antioch as it was dying.
SH31532. Bronze AE 15,
132 var.; , NC 1966, p. 61, 2 var., F, 0.316 g, maximum 15.4 mm, A/N-T/I counterclockwise in the angles of a long ; blundered ANTI in the angles of a long ; unpublished variety of an extremely ; SOLD
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES
Page created in 0.843 seconds