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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ThessalonicaView Options:  |  |  | 

Thessalonica, Macedonia (Salonika, Greece)

King Cassander of Macedonia founded Thessalonica in 315 B.C. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a half-sister of Alexander the Great. The Romans made Thessalonica the capital of the Roman province of Macedonia 168 B.C. In 50 A.D., the Apostle Paul founded the second Christian church on the European continent at Thessalonica and sent it his "Epistles to the Thessalonians." In 379 when the Roman Prefecture of Illyricum was divided between the East and West Roman Empires, Thessaloniki became the capital of the new Prefecture of Illyricum. The city remained important in the Byzantine Empire. [Dates of operation: 298 or 299 - c. 460 (closed during the reign of Leo I, 457 - 474). Mintmarks: COM, COMOB, OES, SMTS, TE, TES, TESOB, TH, THES, THS, THSOB, TS, T Christogram E.


Krannon, Thessaly, Greece, 400 - 344 B.C.

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The city of Krannon was located in Thessaly near the source of the river Onchestus. It was the home of the powerful Scopadae family. BCD and BMC identify the head on the obverse as Zeus. Rogers identifies the head as Poseidon. Since Krannon was named for the son of Poseidon, we agree with Rogers.
GB87125. Bronze dichalkon, Rogers 183 var.; BCD Thessaly 1081.2 var.; SNG Cop 39 var.; BMC Thessaly p. 17, 9 var.; HGC 4 384 (all diff. ethnic arrangements), Nice VF, attractive style and brown toned surfaces, centered on a tight flan, weight 5.186 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 270o, Krannon mint, 400 - 344 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Poseidon right; reverse KPA-N-ΩNI, horseman galloping right, wearing petasos and chlamys; ex BCD collection with his handwritten round tag, noting, "T/ne ex Fe. ex Thess., Aug. 89, 4000 drs."; unpublished variety; $140.00 (119.00)


Valentinian II, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.

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In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.
RL74501. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Thessalonica 62(a)1 (S), LRBC II 1864, SRCV V 20340, Cohen VIII 12 corr., VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly irregular flan, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 345o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA REIPVBLICE (glory of the Republic), campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in exergue; $80.00 (68.00)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title Britannicus Maximus, for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.
RL79956. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Thessalonica 33, SRCV IV 15382, Cohen VII 222, gVF, much silvering, well centered on a tight flan, weight 3.740 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT XX / MVLT / XXX / TSA, within wreath; scarce; $75.00 (63.75)


Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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Thessalonica was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, King of Macedonia, on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of Philip II and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Macedonia Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of Macedonia. Due to its port and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, Thessalonica grew to become the most important city in Macedonia. Thessalonica was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.
RL74510. Silvered follis, RIC VII Thessalonica 79 (R2), Cohen VII 68, SRCV IV 15475, Hunter V -, VF, well centered, much silvering, scratches, weight 2.570 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse LICINIVS IVN NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT XX in two lines, two bound captives seated back to back at base, S - F flanking ensign, ?TS?A? in exergue; rare; $65.00 (55.25)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL79649. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Thessalonica 20 (R4), SRCV IV 16702B, Cohen VII 109, F, full circles centering, dark green patina, weak centers, weight 2.822 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBILISSIMVS CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, spear in right hand, shield on ground in left, TSΓ in exergue; rare; $65.00 (55.25)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 18, 2018.
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Thessalonica