, 17 November 375 - 15 May 392 A.D.
In 380, Rome's enemies the Germans, Sarmatians and Huns were taken into Imperial service; barbarian leaders began to play an increasingly active role in the Roman Empire.RL74501. Bronze half , 62(a)1 (S), II 1864, 20340, 12 , VF, interesting turrets, tight and slightly , 0.925 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 345o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, c. 384 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; D N VALENTINIANVS , pearl diademed, draped, and right; (glory of the Republic), campgate with two turrets, A left, TES in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
In 318, Constantine the Great was given the title , for successful engagements in Britain. The details of the battles are unknown.RL79956. , 33, 15382, 222, gVF, much , on a , 3.740 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and right; / MVLT / XXX / •TS•A•, within ; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The Roman historian Eutropius says "indulged in great vices," in reference to his homosexuality, and stated that had a reputation for scandalous behavior with "handsome barbarian hostages." Nevertheless, did sponsor a decree alongside that ruled that marriage based on "unnatural" sex should be punished meticulously. However, the decree may have only outlawed homosexual marriage. It may also be that was not expressing his own feeling when promulgating the legislation but was rather trying to placate public outrage at his own perceived indecencies.RL77064. heavy maiorina, 122, II 1649, 18675, 13, 56 var. (3rd ), VF, traces of , , some die wear, some light corrosion, 5.017 g, maximum 23.0 mm, 180o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left on galley, on globe in right hand, ( ) in left, seated in stern steering ship, A in left , TSA in ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Licinius Junior, , 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
abbreviates Quinquennalibus Multis Decennalibus, advertising that Licinius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank the gods on the fifth of his rule, and made more vows to the gods that they might him achieve his tenth .RL83468. , 41 (R2), 15476, 75, -, VF, much , 3.625 g, maximum 17.5 mm, 180o, (Salonika, ) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; LICINIVS IVN , laureate, draped, and right; / MVLT X / CAESS / TS•A• in four lines within ; $100.00 (€89.00)
Licinius Junior, , 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
was founded around 315 B.C. by Cassander, of , on or near the site of the ancient town of Therma. He named it after his wife Thessalonike, a daughter of and a half-sister of Alexander the Great. In 168 B.C. it became the capital of the Secunda and in 146 B.C. it was made the capital of the whole Roman province of . Due to its and location at the intersection of two major Roman roads, grew to become the most important city in . was important in the spread of Christianity; the First Epistle to the Thessalonians written by Paul the Apostle is the first written book of the New Testament.RL74510. , 79 (R2), 68, 15475, -, VF, , much , scratches, 2.570 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 320 A.D.; LICINIVS IVN , laureate, draped, and left; (courage of the army), inscribed in two lines, two bound captives seated back to back at base, flanking ensign, •TS•A• in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, , 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.
On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons , ( an baby) and to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses and , and established his residence at , from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.RL79649. reduced , 20 (R4), 16702B, 109, F, full circles centering, dark green , weak centers, 2.822 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, 3rd , (Salonika, ) mint, 317 - 318 A.D.; CRISPVS , laureate, draped, and right; PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in of the Prince of Youth), soldier standing right, spear in right hand, on ground in left, •TS•Γ• in ; ; $95.00 (€84.55)
, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.
The can be translated, "Happy Times Restored" but we prefer to loosely translate it to the more current and lyrical expression, "Happy Days are Here Again!"RL74561. heavy maiorina, 123, II 50, 18136, 46, -, VF, and struck, some , porous, 4.428 g, maximum 23.7 mm, 180o, 4th , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N CONSTANTIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right, from the front, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), soldier standing left, with right hand spearing horseman whose mount has fallen, on his left arm, on the ground right, A left, TS∆ in ; $80.00 (€71.20)
, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of
In 309, a plague, possibly related to anthrax, spread across the Roman Empire, causing a drastic decline in the population. Plagues and population decline were perhaps the greatest cause for the decline of .RL84389. , 36, 14592, VF, , dark , areas of corrosion, 5.182 g, maximum 27.1 mm, 0o, 2nd , (Salonika, ) mint, 308 - 310 A.D.; GAL VALERIA AVG, diademed , shoulders facing, right, wearing embroidered robe; , standing left, raising in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, left, B right, •SM•TS• in ; ex FORVM (2012); $70.00 (€62.30)
Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.
Constantine reorganized the Roman army to consist of mobile units and garrison soldiers capable of countering internal threats and barbarian invasions. Constantine pursued successful campaigns against the tribes on the Roman frontiers - the Franks, the , the Goths, and the Sarmatians - even resettling territories abandoned by his predecessors during the turmoil of the previous century.RL79417. reduced , 289 (also 1st , also with annulets on ), 183, I 835, 16352, 254, aEF, and struck, nice portrait, struck with worn dies, slight , 2.367 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 336 - 22 May 337 A.D.; CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and right; (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking a in center, heads , each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded , SMTSA in ; $50.00 (€44.50)
I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
In 390, the population of rioted against the presence of a garrison. The garrison commander was killed. In retaliation, ordered the Goths to kill all the spectators in the . Theodoret, a witness, reports: "...the anger of the Emperor rose to the highest pitch, and he gratified his vindictive desire for vengeance by unsheathing the sword most unjustly and tyrannically against all, slaying the innocent and guilty alike. It is said seven thousand perished without any forms of law, and without even having judicial sentence passed upon them; but that, like ears of wheat in the time of harvest, they were alike cut down." was excommunicated by the of , Saint Ambrose for the massacre. Ambrose told to imitate David in his repentance as he had imitated him in guilt. Ambrose readmitted the emperor to the Eucharist only after several months of penance.BB83835. Bronze half , 62(b) (S), II 1859, 20553, 16, VF, nice green , 1.640 g, maximum 13.1 mm, 105o, (Salonika, ) mint, fall 384 - Aug 388 A.D.; D N THEODOSIVS , pearl-diademed, draped, and right; REIPVLICE, campgate with two towers, TES in ; ; $25.00 (€22.25)
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