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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Judean & Biblical Coins ▸ Roman Procurators ▸ Marcus AmbibulusView Options:  |  |  | 

Judaea, Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefect under Augustus, 9 - 12 A.D.

In 6 AD., Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, was deposed and banished to Gaul by Augustus. Archelaus' part of his father's kingdom (including Judea, Samaria, Idumea and Archelais) was (except for Archelais) organized as a Roman Procuratorial Province.


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In 11 A.D., Germanicus secured Germania Inferior and the Rhine. In order to reinforce the Roman defense along the Rhine and the Danube, however, Augustus abandoned his plan to create a defensive border at the Elbe.
JD79876. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1330, Meshorer TJC 314, RPC I 4956, F, well centered, slightly irregular flan, weight 1.576 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 10 - 11 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - M (year 40 of Augustus) flanking the trunk; SOLD


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After Herod's death, Caesarea was the seat of the Roman procurator and capital of Roman Palestine for about 500 years. A riot in 66 A.D. between Syrians and Jews in the city led to the First Jewish Revolt. Paul was delivered to Caesarea when his life was threatened in Jerusalem (Acts 9:30). From Caesarea, Paul departed to Tarsus, his birthplace. Paul met the church in Caesarea (Acts 18:22; 21:8,16). Finally, Paul was taken prisoner (Acts 23:23,33) and returned to Caesarea where he was tried before Festus and King Agrippa (Acts 25:1-4; 24:6-13).
JD39562. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1329, Meshorer TJC 313, RPC I 4955, VF, clear date, weight 2.500 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 9 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, L - ΛΘ (year 39); SOLD


Judaea, Coponius or Marcus Ambibulus, Roman Prefects under Augustus, 6 - 12 A.D.

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Coponius and Marcus Ambibulus issued the same type, dated by year. Since the date of this example is off the flan, we cannot determine which of the prefects issued this coin.
JD82061. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1328 - 1331, VF, off-center, weight 1.964 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 6 - 11 A.D.; obverse KAICAPOC (of Caesar), head of barley curved right; reverse eight-branched date palm tree, bearing two bunches of dates, uncertain date off the flan; SOLD







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THE PALM: THE PALM DEPICTED IS, OF COURSE, THE DATE PALM. THE TREE WAS A SYMBOL OF JUDEA WHERE PALM TREES GROW IN GREATER NUMBERS THAN THE SURROUNDING AREAS (THE ROMANS ALSO USED IT AS A SYMBOL OF JUDEA ON JUDAEA CAPTA COINS). THE PALM ALSO SYMBOLIZED ABUNDANCE AND PLENTY, DIGNITY, ROYAL HONOR, JUBILATION AND VICTORY, AND WAS USED IN RELIGIOUS PROCESSIONS.
Catalog current as of Wednesday, May 24, 2017.
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Marcus Ambibulus