Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C., Portrait of Alexander the Great
Lampsacus was known as center for worship of Priapus, who was said to have been born there.
notes that Lampsacus was Lysimachos' largest mint in , with approximately 150 known dies. Output from Lampsacus declined when Amphipolis began its extensive coinage c. 288 B.C.SH72207. Silver , 49, 2548 - 2549, 843, 1097 ( ), 399 (Sigeum), gVF, , some marks and , 16.495 g, maximum 13.4 mm, 45o, Lampsakos (Lapseki, Turkey) mint, 297 - 281 B.C.; diademed of deified Alexander the Great wearing the horn of ; BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY, enthroned left, crowning name in extended right hand, left arm rests on grounded round decorated with , transverse spear against right side, ∆/Ξ inner left , crescent horns left in ; ex Numismatics auction 11, lot 34; $990.00 (€861.30)
Odessos, , c. 240 - 180 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
is most often depicted on coinage wearing the scalp of the over his . The first of Herakles' twelve labors, set by Eurystheus (his cousin), was to slay the and bring back its skin. discovered arrows and his club were useless against it because its golden fur was impervious to mortal weapons. Its claws were sharper than swords and could cut through any armor. stunned the beast with his club and, using his immense strength, strangled it to death. During the fight the bit off one of his fingers. After slaying the , he tried to skin it with a knife from his belt, but failed. Wise , noticing the hero's plight, told him to use one of the lion's own claws to skin the pelt.SH71037. Silver , 1174 , 59, (1) 266, 2140, -, gVF, , , double struck, 16.650 g, maximum 31.7 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, magistrate Eupro..., c. 240 - 180 B.C.; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, under throne, EYΠPO in ; $700.00 (€609.00)
Kios, , c. 280 - 250 B.C., Restoration of
According to myth, Kios (Bursa, Turkey) was founded on the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) by when he accompanied the Argonauts. According to Greek historians, it was founded in 626 - 625 B.C. by from Miletos. The city joined the Aetolian League and was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon. Prusias I of rebuilt the site, naming it for himself. An important chain in the ancient Silk Road, it became a wealthy town. Under Rome the name Kios was revived.SH90219. Silver , 418 (Erythrai), 2668 var ( not reversed), 1123 var (same), 451 var (same), -, VF, lightly , scattered marks, 16.966 g, maximum 31.7 mm, 0o, Kios mint, c. 280 - 250 B.C.; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in right crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on behind, transverse spear against far side, club outer left, inner left, bow in case and reversed AΓ in ; ex CNG, auction 324 lot 85; variety; $630.00 (€548.10)
Mesembria, , c. 275 - 225 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.SH71566. Silver , p. 83 and pl. VI, 24 (O7/R11); 992; 436, EF, , on right side edge, 16.858 g, maximum 31.1 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 275 - 225 B.C.; of right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, Corinthian helmet right over ΠA in inner left under arm; $630.00 (€548.10)
Pontic Kingdom, Mithradates VI, c. 120 - 63 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Mithradates VI (the Great) was of in northern Anatolia from about 119 to 63 B.C. He was of both Greek and Persian origin, claiming descent from both Alexander the Great and Darius I of . Mithradates is remembered as one of Rome's most formidable and successful enemies, who engaged three of the most prominent generals of the late Roman Republic in the so-called Mithridatic Wars: , Lucullus, and . On this coin, minted in the name of Alexander but with his own portrait replacing that of (Alexander), Mithradates VI presents himself as Alexander's successor, the "defender" of , and the "great liberator" of the Greek world. His propaganda translated the Romans into "barbarians," as the Persian Empire was during Alexander's campaign. How many Greeks genuinely bought into this claim will never be known but it served its purpose. At least partially because of it, Mithradates VI was able to fight the First War with Rome on Greek soil, and maintain the allegiance of . His campaign for the allegiance of the Greeks was aided in no small by his enemy , who allowed his troops to sack and plunder many of the city's most famous treasures to finance his military expenses. Mithridates likely issued this during the second Mithridatic War to pay Scythian and Thracian mercenaries. After Mithradates VI was at last defeated by Pompey and in danger of capture by Rome, he attempted suicide. The poison failed because he had taken daily doses to build immunity. He then made his bodyguard and friend, Bituitus, kill him with a sword.
SH74513. Silver , p. 83, 24 (same dies), 1192, 725, 2681, -, VF, excellent portrait, dark , porous areas, marks, edge bump, 14.463 g, maximum 27.7 mm, 0o, Odessos (Varna, Bulgaria) mint, Second Mithradatic War, 83 - 81 B.C.; Mithradates VI right as in scalp headdress; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on backless throne, in right, long vertical in left, ΛAK left, O∆H in ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Kingdom of , , 305 - 281 B.C.
GS74866. Silver , 178, 365, -, aVF, rough, bumps and scratches, some corrosion, defect on top near edge, 15.601 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Herakleia Pontika (Karadeniz Ereğli, Turkey) mint, c. 288 - 281 BC; diademed of the deified Alexander right, with horn of ; seated left, in her right hand crowning king's name with wreath, left arm resting on grounded round behind, transverse spear against far side, HP on throne, club left in ; $450.00 (€391.50)
Kabyle, , c. 219 - 215 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
The dies for this were also used with dies naming the Gaulish Kavaros. Die wear shows the Alexanderine types followed Kavaros' coinage, indicating this was likely struck during the revolt of the Thracians, which brought about the chieftain's death and the end of Gaulish rule. Kavaros ruled until at least 219 B.C., when he participated in a treaty between and . The compares closely with issues of Dionysopolis, Mesembria, and Odessus.SH69935. Silver , 882a, 845 ff., 399, VF, 16.205 g, maximum 26.9 mm, 0o, Cabyle mint, time of the Thracian Revolt, c. 219 - 215 B; of right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus enthroned left, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, right leg drawn back, Demeter standing facing torch in each hand; $370.00 (€321.90)
, Ptolemy I, as in , 323 - 305 B.C.
Ptolemy Lagides was a Macedonian general who, after Alexander's death, became the of under the nominal kings Philip III Arrhidaeus and the infant Alexander IV. By custom, kings in asserted their right to the throne by burying their predecessor. Probably because he wanted to preempt Perdiccas, the imperial regent, from staking his claim in this way, Ptolemy took stole the body of Alexander. Ptolemy then openly joined the coalition against Perdiccas. Thus began the long series of wars between the , Alexander's successors. In 305, Ptolemy took the titles and pharaoh, founding the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Ptolemaic Dynasty.
GP72061. Bronze , 172 (as ); p. 8, 62 (295 - 284, ); 36; 5; 21; -; -, VF, , red and brown , 4.503 g, maximum 18.5 mm, 315o, mint, 310 - 305 B.C.; diademed and horned of deified Alexander the Great right; ΠTOΛEMAIOY (no title, upward on left), standing left on thunderbolt, left, wings open, above helmet on left; ex ; ; $330.00 (€287.10)
, Seleukos, in Babylon, 311 - 306 B.C., In the Name of Alexander the Great
Struck in the name of Alexander, this coin also bears the personal badge of Seleukos, an . Seleukos was first appointed in in 320 B.C. but was put to flight by in 315. He returned in 311 only to be forced to evacuate later that year by a counterattack by Antigonus' son, Demetrius. Not long after, however, Seleukos again recovered the city.SH60135. Silver , I 293, 3449 (Marthus), 1512, aVF/F, 16.601 g, maximum 27.0 mm, 225o, uncertain mint, c. 311 - 305 B.C.; of right, wearing scalp headdress; AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus seated left on throne, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, flukes up flanked by ∆ - I in left , under throne; $290.00 (€252.30)
Mesembria, , c. 125 - 65 B.C., Civic Issue in the Types and Name of Alexander the Great
Mesembria, Nesebar Bulgaria today, was a Doric settlement on a Black Sea island just off mainland . Today it is a seaside resort and a man-made isthmus connects it to the coast. The city struck Alexandrine tetradrachms possibly as early as 275 B.C. It is likely Mesembria issued the very last Alexandrine tetradrachms, possibly even under Roman rule, as late as 65 B.C.GS74508. Silver , 1128; 487, gVF, double struck, die damage, edge crack, 33.92 g, maximum 16.348 mm, 0o, Mesambria (Nesebar, Bulgaria) mint, c. 125 - 65 B.C.; of right, wearing Nemean lion-scalp headdress; Zeus seated left, right leg drawn back, in extended right, long vertical behind in left, ∆IO horizontal under arm in inner left , AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ downward on right, MEΣAM below; ex Pecunem Gitbud & Naumann auction 27 (4 Jan 2015), lot 110; $250.00 (€217.50)
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