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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Democracy||View Options:  |  |  | 

Democracy (Demos - The People)

The image of Demos, the personification of the People, was used on ancient coinage as early as the 5th century BC. In Roman times, many towns under Roman domination struck pseudo-autonomous coinage depicting either the bust or head of Demos, or showed him standing with the emperor, Boule, or the Demos of another city. Here we will also include coins that depict personifications of the Senate, citizens councilman (boule), and elders (gerousia), and any coin that depicts voting.

Cotiaeum, Phrygia, c. 235 - 238 A.D.

|Other| |Phrygia|, |Cotiaeum,| |Phrygia,| |c.| |235| |-| |238| |A.D.|, |AE| |21|
This type is apparently unpublished and perhaps unique. Hermaphilos struck at Cotiaeum as first archon for the second time under Maximinus (see BMC Phrygia p. 172).
RP94282. Bronze AE 21, Apparently unpublished, RPC Online -, ISEGRIM -, BMC Phrygia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, VF, great portrait, dark brown tone, central depressions, weight 4.396 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cotiaeum (Ktahya, Turkey) mint, c. 235 - 238 A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC (Demos), bearded bust of Demos right, slight drapery; reverse EΠI EPMAΦIΛOY APX B (under authority of Hermaphilos archon for the second time), Cybele enthroned left, kalathos on head, phiale in extended right hand, left arm resting on tympanum, lions flanking throne, KOTIAEΩ/N in two lines in exergue; the only specimen of the type known to Forum, ex Numismatik Naumann auction 81 (1 Sept 2019), lot 314; $190.00 SALE |PRICE| $150.00


Smyrna, Ionia, c. 211 - 260 A.D.

|Smyrna|, |Smyrna,| |Ionia,| |c.| |211| |-| |260| |A.D.|, |AE| |24|
In the reverse legend Smyrna boast that has three neokoroi. A neocorate was a rank or dignity granted by the Roman Senate and the Roman Emperor to certain cities which had built temples to the Emperor or had established cults of members of the Imperial family. The city itself was referred to as neokoros (pl. neokoroi). A temple dedicated to the emperor was also called neocorate. There were approximately 37 cities that held a neocorate at one time or another, but holding three was rare.
RP88968. Bronze AE 24, Klose XXI, p. 201, 33 (VS16/R19); SNG Cop 1321 (same dies); SNGvA 2191 (same dies); BMC Ionia p. 264, 237; RPC VII 325; SNG Tubingen -, gF, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 5.821 g, maximum diameter 24.2 mm, die axis 180o, Smyrna (Izmir, Turkey) mint, c. 211 - 260 A.D.; obverse IEPA CV - N KΛHTOC, youthful draped bust of Senate right; reverse CMVPNAIΩ-N Γ NEΩK,OPΩN (last four letters in exergue, 3 neokoroi), tetrastyle temple, inside standing figure of Tyche with rudder in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, O in pediment; ex Gerhard Rohde; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Sala, Lydia, c. 2nd Century A.D.

|Other| |Lydia|, |Sala,| |Lydia,| |c.| |2nd| |Century| |A.D.|, |AE| |17|
Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of commerce and thieves. He was the son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. His symbols include the caduceus and winged sandals.
RP77505. Bronze AE 17, SNG Munchen 455; BMC Lydia p. 229, 15; SNG Cop 416, VF, well centered, nice green patina, areas of corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 2.643 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 0o, Sala mint, c. 2nd century A.D.; obverse ∆HMOC CAΛHNΩN, laureate and draped bearded bust of Demos; reverse EΠI AN∆PONEICOY, Hermes standing slightly left, nude, chlamys draped over left arm, purse in right hand, caduceus in left hand; ex Divus Numismatik; rare; $55.00 SALE |PRICE| $49.50







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REFERENCES|

Kurth, D. Demos|, The Personification of the People. (2010).
Martin, K. Demos, Boule, Gerousia: Personifikationen stdtischer Institutionen auf kaiserzeitlichen Mnzen aus Kleinasien. (Bonn, 2013).


Catalog current as of Monday, July 13, 2020.
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